Great Ekuosian War
|Great Ekuosian War|
Clockwise from top left: Barradiwan military storms the beaches of Kósxié, Battle of Adalde, Helsonian bomber flies over Utol en route to Panemi, Azri soldiers fighting in the Amalo Campaign, Algazi soldiers in the Northern Letzian rainforest, Dzimraic Special Forces traversing the Barradiwan rainforest, Rosian soldiers defending against oncoming Veridian forces, Veridian naval force preparing the Invasion of Yorudbynbad
Letzia (until 1950)
Lugida (until 1949)
USHR (1949 onwards)
Letzia (1950 onwards)
|Commanders and leaders|
Va Mòyûn Xûŋín Yàyvî
(Govt. in Exile) Nàmažjo Dyrs
(Partisans) Martsëló Manźú
Amar Tabiz esh-Ebek
|Casualties and losses|
The Great Ekuosian War, frequently written with the acronym GEW, and sometimes known simply as the Great War or the Soltennan War in Soltenna, was a war fought in Ekuosia and parts of southern Miraria (mostly Soltenna and Vaniua), between 1945 and 1951. It was one of the bloodiest and most destructive wars in world history, and altered the political climate of the region drastically to the extent that its ramifications can still be felt in the region to this day.
The war was largely fought between two large alliances:
- The "Allied" side, which included Rosland, Azerin, Barradiwa, Lons, Kingdom of Szezkia and the Helsonian and Algazi Unions, as well as Liosol in Soltenna. This was the defending side, whose constituents more or less got involved to either defend themselves or help defend other nations from Veridia's might.
- The "Unity" side, which included Veridia, Letzia, Tabiqa, Istan, and Norjihan in Ekuosia. In Soltenna, the main parties were Qonklaks, Yachiro and Lugida. This side of the war was propelled by the advent of fascist imperialism, and in particular the rise of Jol Giradz as Veridia's second president and his actions thereafter.
The conflict in Vaniua was largely unrelated to the Allied vs Unity split.
- In 1940, the Veridian Republic held its second election. Jol Giradz won by a large amount due to his platform of keeping Veridian people safe from the tyranny of Helsonia after witnessing what they did in Boroso.
- In 1943, Letzia saw the beginning of a revolution due to the contradiction between the anti-Kúúlist sentiment among the monarchy and the opposing viewpoint of the general population.
- Meanwhile, Veridia attempted to convince Rosland and Azerin to unite with Veridia under a new country called "Letsi-Halaria" to deter Helsonia, however due to the recent revolution, Rosland actually agreed with Helsonia, and Azerin did not agree that there was a threat.
- In 1944, Helsonia began tightening its hold on world trade routes, hurting the Veridian economy. Jol Giradz started to pull Veridia into a more bellicose mindset.
- Dain Pain (Dragon Father), the GEW-era dictator of Qonklaks, then known as Hài Lhiq Yèin Gã Loun Kuq, a university student studying medicine at the Jikhein University, joins an ultranatinationalist group, the Lhã Khu (Red Black) in 1918. The Lhã Khu aims to restore the imperial system and the recapturing of the city of Cuáma. By 1925, the Lhã Khu gains political leverageover the National Assembly, eventually controlling the majority of the seats in 1927. With the official blessing of a philosopher-priest of the Guaesuist Order, Dain Pain gains his current title as the Dragon Father of the newly founded Qonklese Empire. He proclaims himself as the new Avatar of Hòun Shi on February 28th, 1928.
- On January 2nd, Dain Pain issues the infamous Five Demands to Riyana, which results in the month-long invasion of Riyana. 56,000 Riyans were killed during the Siege of Cuáma on January 17th, 1939.
- Qonklaks, along with its protectorates and its new ally, Lugida's Aten Kale, creates the Soltennan Blood Pact, which is later merged with the Unity forces on December 5th, 1945.
Course of the War
- The building tensions in Veridia erupted into war in 1945 as Gíradz invaded Rosland under the pretense of uniting them with their Veridian cousins, so as to provide better deterrence against Helsonia. Subsequently, Letzia allied itself with Veridia.
- In 1946, after Azerin categorically declined Veridia's call to arms against Rosland, Veridia organized another army to invade Azerin in turn. Veridian armies focused on capturing Azerin, while the Letzian armies focused on maintaining dominance over Rosland. The invasion of Azerin caused its ally Barradiwa to retaliate against Veridia in support of Azerin, leading to invasions in Barradiwa in the north by Veridia, and in the east-southeast by rebel factions involved in ongoing but separate conflicts in Ebo Nganagam. The Algazi Union also joined the war shortly after the invasion of Azerin, fearing that successful annexation by Veridia would be followed by an invasion of the Union's northern region.
- Tabiqa, at the time a highly xenophobic and nationalist monarcho-fascist state under reigning king Vereq Henuut, declared support of fascist Veridia. Under the guise of liberating the Adzamic Dzimrani from a non-Adzamic country, it launched attacks on the southeast of Barradiwa. Anti-fascist and anti-monarchist dissidents within the country, especially in Osuria, began to organise.
- Subsequently, Barradiwa's close ally Lons turned to its close ally Zhinayak to ask assistance, upon which Zhinayak agreed and formally declared war against Letzia.
- Hemesh was overthrown by Korsa Olboros who led the Korsist movement, and joined Veridia to fight the Algazi Union.
- Barradiwan and Azri (especially Amalonian) armies led a devastating and successful campaign around Amalo against Veridia.
- Tabiqa entered full-on civil war with anti-monarchist rebels making swift headway in the rural north of the country, finding limited resistance among traditionally minority groups. Conscription rate increased in order to produce more soldiers on the civil front while continuing operations in Barradiwa, causing further dissent among the population.
- In 1948, Helsonia and Letzia went to war over coastal territories.
- Zhinayak, the Algazi Union, and Barradiwa began funneling resources to factions in Letzia and Hemesh to trigger an uprising in both nations.
- 1949, Hemesh finally crumbled under the pressure and divided into several states belonging to various factions.
- Meanwhile Letzia barely remained together, but pushed Veridia to join the war effort in support against Helsonia, finally involving the country whose mere existence sparked this war a full four years prior.
- Ziathi is overtaken by Tabiqiri rebels, assisted by Dzimrani special forces. This marks a turn in the civil war within Tabiqa.
- In 1950, Helsonia began invading the weakened Veridia while Barradiwa invaded the weakened Letzia, which was already in the process of being completely overthrown due to ongoing unrest caused by the perceived incompetence of the leadership.
- Norjihan was a puppet of Letzia up until the Great Ekuosian War, and during the Barradiwan invasion of Letzia, Mako Vadini took the opportunity to seize power in Norjihan and declare a 'fascist' dictatorship and kicking out the existing Olboros monarchy.
- In turn, Veridian factions began attempting to make peace negotiations, but Gíradz believed this to be surrendering to Helsonia and refused.
- In October, Tabiqan king Vereq Henuut's suffered from a massive stroke, resulting in partial paralysis and other complications, and forced to withdraw from public affairs. In his stead, his eldest daughter, Isaemet Avhidi, officiated peace talks with the rebel factions in north Tabiqa, and ceased operations in Barradiwa.
- In 1951, Giradz was assassinated by a Rosian partisan. This brought an end to his reign of terror and effectively concluded the war.
- After Giradz was assassinated, a provisional government headed by his former vice president arranged a conference with Azerin, Barradiwa and Helsonia about land ownership while other peace talks were made concerning Hemesh and Central Ekuosia. The summit with Veridia was held in the Azri capital of Stalo, while the talks about Hemesh were hosted in Lons.
- It was decided that Veridia could keep the territories it had occupied in southern Rosland, to the disdain of Rosland itself. The territories became West Veridia. Meanwhile, Hemesh was partitioned into West Hemesh (Fyevan/Gemet/Adozia/Hemesh), East Hemesh (Goluta/Sroyos/Saovia) and Kuulist Orzun.
- King Vereq Henuut was forced to abdicate the Tabiqan throne, both due to his illness and political pressure both foreign and local. He was succeeded by his daughter Isaemet, who followed post-war directives from the newly-forming Ekuosian Union and oversaw the conversion of the country to a constitutional monarchy with a semi-presidential system.
- Sidelined by its allies during the treaty process, the Algazi Union's demands, notably for the return of its former territories in Letzia, went unheeded. Saddled with immense war time expenses and receiving minimal reparations, the Algazi government defaulted on its debt, sparking the Algazi Financial Crisis.
The war is considered to be one of the most important in Ekuosian history, as one can argue that modern Ekuosia was created by the end of this war, for better or worse. Following the war, Ekuosia saw a trend towards more democratic governments and policies — even countries that still have monarchs today, such as Barradiwa and Tabiqa, have since democratized various elements of their political system. This trend was inspired by the movements to destabilize totalitarian or otherwise autocratic governments that supported Veridia, which had seen itself morph into a dictatorship under Gíradz.
The war also caused an economic depression in most of Ekuosia — primarily in the nations that were most heavily invaded — but the Algazi Union suffered extensively as well, which exacerbated the depression as many major Ekuosian banks were based there. Reconstruction efforts were handled collaboratively, with various nations helping each other rebuild. In particular, Barradiwa took several loans from overseas (mainly from Lhavres) due to the ailing Algazi banks; this led to several Ekuostian families moving to Lhavres for continued job opportunities after reconstruction concluded in the 1960s.
A direct response to the war was the proposal and subsequent implementation of the Ekuosian Union, an economic union including most Ekuosian nations that sought to unite Ekuosia so as to prevent any future division on this scale, with the natural deterrence that economically relying on your neighbors brings. Notably, Rosland and several countries in Hemesh refused to join the union on the grounds of ongoing disputes with existing members or generally disagreeing with the trade practices implicit in being a member of the union.
However, the war also established several of the political issues that still plague the region to this day, such the ongoing political, cultural and linguistic fragmentation in the Hemesh peninsula; and the decades-long back-and-forth between Veridia and Rosland as the latter continues to try and regain control of its former southern provinces while Veridia exacerbates the situation by refusing to acknowledge the desires of the area's inhabitants.
As a result of the Helsonian invasion of the Qonklese mainland from 1949 to 1950, and the efforts of the kúúlist 88th Army nicknamed the Ngon-Koo (Yellow Turbans), the Qonklese Empire fell along with the capture of the Imperial Palace in Jikhein on May 9th, 1950. The resulting power vacuum was quickly filled as Helsonian liaison officers quickly assigned General Shàn Khein, head of the 88th Army, as the Chairman of the newly-formed Supreme Commune of Qonklaks.
Dain Pain would live in hiding in Yachiro until shortly after the end of the war, when Helsonian MPs would capture him and bring him to trial in 1951. He was sentenced to ten years in solitary confinement in the Bweh-Sha complex underneath Jikhein. Due to poor living conditions, he died from a case of untreated rabies from a rat bite on October 3rd, 1953.
The liberated state of Riyana, which suffered eleven years of brutality under the imperial system, demanded reparations from the Supreme Commune of Qonklaks. Representatives from Riyana pushed for a full investigation of Qonklese atrocities committed during the War, which was strongly backed by the Alotol government. A public, fully-transparent investigation would not be conducted until 1995, after the overthrowing of the Ngon-Koo.
The GEW led to the establishment 4 years later of United Sahar, today the world's foremost peacekeeping intergovernmental organisation.