Difference between revisions of "Komania"
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Revision as of 18:41, 19 November 2022
Mecarlah Hajara (Koman)
Land of a Thousand Valleys
|Anthem: Hatamagh Maşiyam
The Iron March
Great Seal of the State
|Recognised regional languages||Mishar · Balak · Rasha · Gushli · Aramani · Vos · Dawari|
|Ethnic groups||Koman (88 %)
Other (11 %)
|Religion|| Shawadii Zarasaism
|Demonym||Koman, Khomani, Khoman|
Federal Constitutional Monarchy
Hybrid theocratic semi-constitutional monarchy with a federal structure
|-||Mişar (emperor)||Mişanlî Aşar|
|-||Prime minister||Ghozan Shari|
|-||Upper house||House of Mazans|
|-||Lower house||Council of Representatives|
|-||Great Horde||6 May 1289|
|-||Koman Principalities||12 August 1657|
|15 January 1811|
|-||Current Constitution||7 December 1958|
345,660 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2020 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2020 estimate|
|HDI (2020)|| 0.790
|Time zone||SCT +3|
|-||Summer (DST)||not observed (SCT)|
|Date format||yyyy/mm/dd ( SH)|
|Drives on the||right|
|Internet TLD||.km, .km|
|This article is part of a series on|
|Part of a series on|
The Imperial State (Koman: Mecarlah Hajara; Meşarlah Hajara [meʂär.läː‿hɒʒärä]), better known as Komania (Koman: Qoman; Khoman [xomän]), is a constituent state of the Central Federation, located in Vaniua. With about 47 million inhabitants, Komania is the ?-most populous country. Comprising an area of 895,254 km2 making it the 4th largest country in Vaniua and the ? in Sahar. Komania is bordered to the north by the Melkanchuta lake, to the northeast by Araman and Torosha, to the east by Balakia, to the south by the Great Khanate of Gushlia and Zinsha-Vogia and finally Khezan and Vosan to the west, Komania is considered to be the country with most shared borders in Vaniua followed by Balakia and Vosan. The country's location in central Vaniua bordering the Melkanchuta lake along the flowing rivers of Braghak and Kashis give it geostrategic importance. Shanvan is the country's capital and one of the largest economic centers of the nation only behind Samadar. Other important cities include Shahdar, ? and ?. With 47 million inhabitants and a GDP of $620 billion, the country has the largest economy within the Central Federation.
The country is considered a historical regional power and was effectively the dominant power in central Miraria throughout the 15th to 17th centuries. Being located in the middle of Vaniua, much of modern-day Komania served as a crossroads between trading routes from Soltenna to Parshita and further east to eastern Miraria, this gave way to various empires reaching to dominate the Tarkhan Mountains. Historical empires controlling the area include the Mamikian Empire, Kaatian Empire, Kothlen Horde, Sunrise Horde and its successor the Great Horde. As a result of its location, the country has received considerable influence from neighboring regions and historical countries, including elements from Soltenna, to eastern Miraria. Throughout history, Komania served as a seat for religious affairs and was the main center of Zarasaism, leading Vaniua to its golden age during the 14th to 17th centuries and expanding its cultural reaches outside of the region, dominating in architecture, art, philosophy, and literature as a leader of Zarasaist culture. The fall of the Great Horde led to the creation of various mizarates plunging the nation into the Warring Period, leading to gradual decadence and a loss of regional influence, overtaken by the Balak Empire and Kingdom of Vogia accordingly.
The nation unified in 1811 under the Tuganjuh Proclamation, effectively ending 130 years of conflicts and instability. The country experienced several coups in the 19th and 20th centuries leading to the overthrow of the Basher regime two times and the rule of the Mishayan government, giving way to the Koman Civil War between 1933 to 1953 and subsequent clashes between Kuulist and Sannist factions by 1955. The country experienced an economical miracle between 1958 to 1977 taking a lead in the mining sector and production of goods, the economic boom was further exacerbated as the country entered a period of increased human rights and civil liberties. The ascendance of emperor Mishanli Ashar brought the country into a period of relative seclusion and conservatism, albeit with stability. Mishanli's rule and the 5th term of Prime Minister Shari facilitated the implementation of restrictive policies and a form of theocracy heavily based on Shawadii Zarasaism indoctrinating the country and debilitating any democratic institutions. Despite this plunge in human rights, the country enjoys relative stability and a rising economy, with new sectors such as luxury goods and cosmetic surgery gaining prominence.
The government of Komania is officially recognized as a federal constitutional monarchy, although the country is better classified as a hybrid theocratic semi-constitutional monarchy with a federal structure due to its recent political developments. Currently, the emperor does not have limitations on his rule and enjoys freedom of intervention within political affairs, officially, however, the prime minister is the only position that has legal rule over legislation and executive affairs. Being widely authoritarian in nature, the government has often been subjected to controversy due to its use of intelligence services for its abuse of power and intrusion into other countries' affairs, taking advantage of black markets to profit and control illegal activities whilst enacting policies contradictive to these pursuits. Such controversies are often paired with accusations of human rights abuses and infringement of civil liberties.
Komania holds considerable influence within the Central Federation and is often regarded as the leading player within the union, with its large coal reserves and its mineral-rich lands, the country holds considerable soft power geopolitically and is a regional power militarily, having one of the largest if not the largest economic growth in Vaniua, facilitated by its increased expenditure in industry and mining along a large military.
The term Meşarlah Hajara literally meaning "Imperial Government" was the chosen term for the unified Koman Mizarates in 1811, proclaimed as the "Imperial State" under the Tughanjuh, the "Tughan Declaration Treaty" of 15 January 1811. Historically, this term arose during the late 18th century as a common designation for the lands controlled by the Ashar Mizarate, colloquially called the "Imperial government" to differentiate autonomous areas. This term was later officialized as it had no ethnic designation and was, therefore, considered a strategic move by the Basher regime to force the inclusion of non-ethnic Komans.
The name Komania ( Koman: . Qoman .; Khoman [xomän]) designating present-day Komania only, is a medieval term first recorded around 1150 AD by Vaniuan scholars to designate the short-lived Khanate of Qoman suited along the southern coasts of the Melkanchuta lake, it became a popular ethnonym among Komans during the Great Horde after Ashar applied the term to the newly settled Kalkali tribes of the former Tamir Khanate. It became synonymous with the term Qamandi, applied to the former inhabitants of the Qoman Khanate and their language.
The ethnonym "Koman" while attributed to the Qomandi, has various possible meanings, prominent scholars pinpoint a possible origin from the Nashaghan word Qama meaning "coast" with the suffix -an Khaman might itself mean "the people of the coast" or "of the coast" itself a possible cognate to the Koman suffix -zan. Other theories suggest an origin from the word Kham meaning "ten" historically used for the tribal confederation of Qom which was itself composed of ten core tribes. During the Great Horde its variant Qoman gained popularity, thus giving Komania its current name.
The self-designation Tamyiran (now outdated) meaning "from Tamayir" began to be used around the 16th century to refer to the Koman diaspora throughout the Great Horde, composed of the ethnonym Tamir and the suffix -an, a suffix meaning "people of" or "land of" it was at the time exclusively used to refer to any territory inhabited by tribes of Tamayir origin and the Qomandi Khanate in general.
Historically, Komania has been known through several names, as a literary tradition, poetic names have been made to designate Komania or highlight any of its peculiarities, prominent variants are Teşiyenden or Teşiyendeh meaning "land of white sand(s)" unintentionally synonymous with "land of holy sands" and Teşiyaman, meaning "land of thousand valleys" which is currently used as the official motto.
The present-day lands of Komania once formed part of a ligature of pre-Vaniuan cultures, most dating back to 4000 BCE starting with the Black-Pottery culture, major settlements such as Masaṭar (modern Samadar) contributed heavily to Vaniua’s early agricultural development. The Black-Pottery culture would, later on, develop into a series of proto-city-states, from which early urbanisation arose. A large network of settlements comprising the pre-Vaniuan proto-states of Ghashar and Urum developed which marked the first traces of complex architecture within the Golden Crescent of Vaniua.
Renown Khomani experts have been able to trace considerable linguistic development within the region. During excavations held in 1890 archaeologist Shajali Wazghan uncovered a series of clay tablets pertaining to the Ohanian Mamikian empire, this discovery gave insight into pre-Vaniuan languages, primarily Ghasharic languages, which allowed the reconstruction of a large substrate of surviving words in the Khomani language. The Ghashar are the only known pre-Vanuians to have developed a form of written language, a logo-syllabic script, which held deep religious functions restricted to the upper strata of early proto-states around the Melkanchuta.
Early Vaniuan migrations
By 2000 BCE a large portion of south and eastern Vaniua became subject to raids from proto-Vaniuans, which at this stage were heavily nomadic and had begun an early process of ethnogenesis. Due to a warmer climate, large portions of arable land were gradually rendered infertile, combined by a gradual displacement from proto-Vaniuans most pre-Vaniuans were pushed from their settlements and slowly reduced into pockets, this change marked a definitive shift of demographics across Vaniua. It is estimated that by 1000 BCE early Vaniuans formed the majority of the region. The question of whether such demographic displacement came by means of assimilation or tribal violence is still in debate. A large portion of archaeological evidence, however, suggests at least an initial clash between sedentary pre-Vaniuans and the more nomadic proto-Vaniuans.
The earliest wave of proto-Vaniuans gave rise to early Vaniuan cultures and subsequently to various Ohanian states until the formation of the Mamikian empire around 400 CE. The Mamikians would go on to develop the first major cities in the region, along with the first written language in Vaniua. Most settlements found from this period are Mamikian by origin, with the ruins of Marashah being one of them.
Pre-Kalkalic peoples previously inhabited the region which encompasses modern-day Komania, with a notable portion being Ohanians to the west, proto-Mishars along the Tarkhan Mountains and early Kashisan people to the east. While devoid of any powerful state at the time, the region did predominantly include various Mishar khanates. Most of these states were built on former Mamikian infrastructure and were firmly based on tribal loyalty, with either a Khak or Misha exerting authority. These tribal states would remain peaceful at times but interstate conflict was common, although, these states were known to create "pacts" or short-lived confederations in order to oust any foreign power, leaving most of the Tarkhan mountains free of foreign influence.
The Mishar states were composed of a total of 7 khanates, where 2 exerted authority over thee more subservient states, these were as follows:
- Wa Taman Khanate: Wa Taman was known as having served in modern-day Samadar where its capital lay, this khanate exerted authority over Tima Jel Khanate, Tûr Jel and Um Khanate accordingly.
- Wa Odar Khanate: The location of Wa Odar isn't precise but may have been located around present-day Shahdar, it exerted authority over the remaining states.
- Tima Jel Khanate: This state was mentioned in the Asharshadan chronicles as a subservient state of Wa Taman, its location is unknown.
- Tûr Jel Khanate
- Tûr Mekhar Khanate
- Um Khanate
- Tûr Osh Khanate
The Mishar realm was a collection of tribe-based khanates, each ruled by subordinates or warlords. While semi-nomadic in nature, these people did have prominent settlements of considerable size, among these was Mishtaz now located in modern-day Shahdar which served as the administrative centre of Wa Taman and at times of the Mishar confederation. Incursions and lootings were common activities, which became the main cause for the Kothlen's invasion of the region and eventual annexation. Despite constant threats and hostilities from neighbouring powers, the Mishars were renowned for their gorilla tactics and prowess as people of war, enjoying their positions as mercenaries in the Kothlen Horde and subsequently the Great Horde.
Apart from their warring nature, Mishars were prominent jewellers and had substantial knowledge of metallurgy, this is often reflected in archaeological evidence from the period, where large quantities of silver jugs, medallions, earrings and even bracelets depict detailed and sophisticated craftsmanship, including the use of various elements and the creation of complex headwear accessories. Many styles of art developed by the Mishars were previously developed by the late Ohanians which have now become part of Koman art as a whole.
Battle of Samadar
Annexation of Samar
Establishment of the Imperial State
Second Sah Revolt
1933 - 1953: Koman Civil War
After the Civil War
Blue Night Rebellions and Kuulist riots
Creation of the Central Federation
Located in the near centre of the Vaniuan region, Komania is considered a landlocked country, sharing the Melkanchuta lake with Dohjan the country extends itself along the Vaniuan plateau with a total area of 814.130km2.
Cities, provinces and regions
The government of the Imperial State is based on the 1958 constitution, following several coups in the 19th and 20th century, Komania has seen the instalment of various monarchical regimes, all following various forms of ideology. Due to the theocratic nature of the Ashar dynasty, politics within the country have been heavily influenced by theological and unsecular practices, with no formal distinction in the current constitution. Attempts on secularising the government have all but failed, mostly due to the Kharem Haz “law of balance” a transpolitical doctrine promoted by the Fukhdar regime.
Science and technology
All education is supervised and regulated by the Ministry of Education, whereas access to free education is considered a basic right as dictated in the constitution and is guaranteed up to college. All children aged 1 to 6 must assist kindergarten (Koman: zaşam) where all institutions are public. After preschool, children aged 6 to 12 must assist primary school whereas from the age of 10 to 12 pupils must undergo a preparatory exam for guaranteed entrance to secondary schooling. Entrance exams up to this stage usually assess basic subjects such as Mathematics, History, Language, and a fourth subject of interest chosen by the student. Failing the entrance exam does not affect the student's ability to enter secondary school, however, these pupils might be required to undergo an extra year in preparatory to be guaranteed a place in college. Secondary school ends after the age of 16 and one is then obliged to attend what is referred to as preparatory school, where all pupils are directed towards programs of their own choosing, usually programs directed towards a field of interest. As of 2020, there are around 20 generalized programs offered by both private and public institutions around Komania, these are usually divided into 4 categories: Science programs, Technology programs, Social Science programs, and Religious programs. Preparatory school usually lasts 3 years up to the age of 18, where students must then undergo a selective process. By law, all students no matter their social background have a guaranteed place in college, however, these places are only offered if the student meets the basic criteria for their career of interest, usually, entry criteria are dictated by two factors, the average grade of the student reached in his or her final year and a final grade from college entry exams. Colleges and universities do not have individualized entry exams, but rather a generalized entry exam assessing all basic subjects is offered and regulated by the Ministry of Education, no matter the prestige held by these institutions. All careers offered may vary in entry requirements, with some programs only requiring a minimum grade while others may require a maximum grade of 25 points, additionally, these entry requirements are dictated by demand and may increase or reduce their entry requirements depending on the total number of students applying. All education is considered free in Komania and is directly financed through taxes, however, some programs may require additional costs that must be provided by the attending student.
College and university programs may last 3 to 5 years depending on the career chosen and explicitly offer a hands-on approach, where all subjects are specific to the chosen career and do not have generalized subjects. This means that by graduation, all students attending college will have received both experience and specialized knowledge of their career, facilitating their introduction to labor. By this stage, students are free to obtain a loan from the Ministry of Education, with an interest rate of around 0,02%. All costs are usually directed towards the student's life rather than the education itself, facilitating accommodation and daily expenses.
Most institutions in Komania are public with a few exceptions, The Imperial College (Koman: Meşarlah Hazaşam), a private institution for politicians and excelling students, is entirely private and does come with additional fees, these are usually low and can be covered through a scholarship. According to Komania's college grading, there are 5 institutions that are considered prestigious by name, these include the aforementioned Imperial College, the Shanwan University of Technology (SUT), Samadar University, the Wushan Institute, and the Grand Institue of Polytechnic (GIP). There is a wide selection of programs available to international students, mostly conducted in either Vos or Diplomatic Balak.
Komania is home to one of the oldest institutions in Vaniua, the title is held by the Wushan Institute (formerly known as the Zasham Institue of Sciences) which was arguably founded in 1019 CE during the Qomandi Khanate and formerly held science, philosophy, and religion as its primary subjects of teaching. Most of Komania's prestigious institutions date back to the Great Horde era, where most schools were founded between the 1300s and 1500s. With the exception of Wushan and the now annexed House of Knowledge (900s to 1955), now serving as a subdivision of the Wushan Institute.