Difference between revisions of "Komania"

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{{Infobox country
 
{{Infobox country
 
|conventional_long_name = Imperial State of Komania
 
|conventional_long_name = Imperial State of Komania
|native_name =        {{small|{{cs|DAD|. Dote Mīşdarhaz Qalqara .}}}}<small> ([[Koman language|Koman]])</small><br><small>''Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara''</small>
+
|native_name =        {{small|{{cs|DAD|. Dote Mîşdarhaz Qalqara .}}}}<small> ([[Koman language|Koman]])</small><br><small>''Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara''</small>
 
|common_name =        Komania
 
|common_name =        Komania
 
|image_flag =        Flag Komania.png
 
|image_flag =        Flag Komania.png
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|other_symbol_type =  <!--Use if a further symbol exists, e.g. hymn-->
 
|other_symbol_type =  <!--Use if a further symbol exists, e.g. hymn-->
 
|other_symbol =
 
|other_symbol =
|image_map =         Komania location.png
+
|image_map = Komania location.png|5115px   
 
|alt_map =            <!--alt text for map-->
 
|alt_map =            <!--alt text for map-->
 
|map_caption =        <!--Caption to place below map-->
 
|map_caption =        <!--Caption to place below map-->
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|official_languages =  [[Koman language|Koman]]
 
|official_languages =  [[Koman language|Koman]]
 
|national_languages =   
 
|national_languages =   
|regional_languages = [[Mishar language|Mishar]] · [[Balaki language|Balak]] · [[Sotanese language|Sotanese]] · [[Kaatian language|Kaatian]] · [[Nekhilian language|Nekhilian]] · [[Ohanian language|Ohanian]] · [[Gushli language|Gushli]] · [[Khalharshan language|Khalharshan]] · [[Bashghar language|Bashghar]] · [[Shokhan language|Shokhan]] · [[Tamagh language|Tamagh]]
+
|regional_languages = [[Mishar language|Mishar]] · [[Balaki language|Balak]] · [[Sotanese language|Sotanese]] · [[Kaatian language|Kaatian]] · [[Nekhilian language|Nekhilian]] · [[Ohanian language|Ohanian]] · [[Gushli language|Gushli]] · [[Qalar language|Qalari]] · [[Bashghari language|Bashghari]] · [[Hashan language|Hashan]] · [[Dawar language|Dawari]]
 
|languages_type =     
 
|languages_type =     
 
|languages =         
 
|languages =         
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|area_magnitude =  
 
|area_magnitude =  
  
|area_km2 =          814.130
+
|area_km2 =          840.440
 
|area_sq_mi =        <!--Area in square mi (requires area_km2)-->
 
|area_sq_mi =        <!--Area in square mi (requires area_km2)-->
 
|area_footnote =      <!--Optional footnote for area-->
 
|area_footnote =      <!--Optional footnote for area-->
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|patron_saint =  
 
|patron_saint =  
 
}}
 
}}
'''Komania''' self-designated as ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Qālqāra .}}; ''Qālqāra'' ['xɒlxɒrä]) also known as '''Khalharia''', officially the '''Imperial State of Komania''' ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Mowat Qāza-sē Qālqāra .}} ''Mowat Qāza-sē Qālqāra'') is a sovereign state in [[Vaniua]]. With about 42 million inhabitants, Komania is the ?-most populous country. Comprising an area of 814.130 km<sup>2</sup> making it the ? largest country in [[Vaniua]] and the ? in [[Sahar]]. [[Komania]] is bordered to the north by the [[Melkanchuta lake]], to the northeast by ? and [[Kaatkukia]], to the east by [[Balakia]], to the south by the Khanate of [[Gushlia]] and [[Nekhilia]], to the southwest by [[Ohania]] and finally [[Xonqorot]] and [[Shohuan]] to the west, ''Komania'' is considered to be the country with most sheared borders in [[Vaniua]] followed by [[Balakia]] and [[Shohuan]]. The country's location in central [[Vaniua]] bordering the [[Melkanchuta lake]] along the flowing rivers of [[Braghak]] and [[Kashis]] give it a geostrategic importance. [[Shanvan]] is the country's capital and one of the largest economic centres of the nation only behind [[Samadar]].
+
'''Komania''' self-designated as ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Qalqara .}}; ''Qalqara'' ['xɒlxɒrä]) also known as '''Khalkharia''', officially the '''Imperial State of Komania''' ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara .}} ''Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara'') is a sovereign state in [[Vaniua]]. With about 42 million inhabitants, Komania is the ?-most populous country. Comprising an area of 814.130 km<sup>2</sup> making it the ? largest country in [[Vaniua]] and the ? in [[Sahar]]. [[Komania]] is bordered to the north by the [[Melkanchuta lake]], to the northeast by ? and [[Kaatkukia]], to the east by [[Balakia]], to the south by the Khanate of [[Gushlia]] and [[Nekhilia]], to the southwest by [[Ohania]] and finally [[Xonqorot]] and [[Shohuan]] to the west, ''Komania'' is considered to be the country with most sheared borders in [[Vaniua]] followed by [[Balakia]] and [[Shohuan]]. The country's location in central [[Vaniua]] bordering the [[Melkanchuta lake]] along the flowing rivers of [[Braghak]] and [[Kashis]] give it a geostrategic importance. [[Shanvan]] is the country's capital and one of the largest economic centres of the nation only behind [[Samadar]].
  
 
==Etymology==
 
==Etymology==
The name ''Koman'' ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Qāman .}}; ''Qāman'' ['xɒmän]) designating present-day [[Komania]] only, is a medieval term first recorded around 1150 AD by Vaniuan scholars to designate the short-lived Khanate of [[Qoman Khanate| Qoman]] suited along the southern coasts of the [[Melkanchuta lake]], it became a popular ethnonym among [[Koman people| Komans]] during the [[Great Horde]] after [[Shi Oshar]] applied the term to the newly settled [[Kalkali]] tribes of the former [[Kalkali Khanate| Kalkali state]]. It became synonymous with the term ''Qāmandi'', applied to the former inhabitants of the [[Qoman Khanate]] and their language. The ethnonym "Koman" is itself of unknown origin, however, several theories suggested by prominent [[Union of Koman Studies| scholars]] pinpoint a possible origin from the Koman word ''Qāma'' meaning "coast" and hypothesising the possible suffix ''-an'', ''Qāman'' might itself mean "the people of the coast" or "of the coast" itself a possible cognate to the Koman suffix -a. Other theories suggest a possible origin from the word ''Qām'' meaning "ten" historically used for the tribal confederation of [[Mestan-Kalkali Confederation| Qom]] which was itself composed by ten core tribes.
+
The name ''Koman'' ([[Koman language| Koman]]: {{cs|DAD|. Qaman .}}; ''Qaman'' ['xɒmän]) designating present-day [[Komania]] only, is a medieval term first recorded around 1150 AD by Vaniuan scholars to designate the short-lived Khanate of [[Qoman Khanate| Qoman]] suited along the southern coasts of the [[Melkanchuta lake]], it became a popular ethnonym among [[Koman people| Komans]] during the [[Great Horde]] after [[Shi Oshar]] applied the term to the newly settled [[Kalkali]] tribes of the former [[Kalkali Khanate| Kalkali state]]. It became synonymous with the term ''Qamandi'', applied to the former inhabitants of the [[Qoman Khanate]] and their language. The ethnonym "Koman" is itself of unknown origin, however, several theories suggested by prominent [[Union of Koman Studies| scholars]] pinpoint a possible origin from the Koman word ''Qama'' meaning "coast" and hypothesising the possible suffix ''-an'', ''Qaman'' might itself mean "the people of the coast" or "of the coast" itself a possible cognate to the Koman suffix -a. Other theories suggest a possible origin from the word ''Qam'' meaning "ten" historically used for the tribal confederation of [[Mestan-Kalkali Confederation| Qom]] which was itself composed by ten core tribes.
  
The self-designation ''Qālqāra'' meaning "land of Khalhars" begun to be used around the 16th century to refer to the Koman diaspora throughout the [[Great Horde]], composed by the ethnonym ''Qālqār'' and the suffix ''-a'' meaning "place of" or "land of" it was at the time exclusively used to refer to any territory inhabited by tribes of [[Kalkali Khanate| Kalkali]] origin and the [[Kalkali]] Khanate in general. Due to strong nationalism among Komans around the 19th century, the [[Koman State Assembly| State Assembly]] opted for the use of ''Qālqāra'' as the standard name for Komania, as an incentive to "straighten" the roots of the [[Koman people| Koman people]].  
+
The self-designation ''Qalqara'' meaning "land of Khalkhars" begun to be used around the 16th century to refer to the Koman diaspora throughout the [[Great Horde]], composed by the ethnonym ''Qalqar'' and the suffix ''-a'' meaning "place of" or "land of" it was at the time exclusively used to refer to any territory inhabited by tribes of [[Kalkali Khanate| Kalkali]] origin and the [[Kalkali]] Khanate in general. Due to strong nationalism among Komans around the 19th century, the [[Koman State Assembly| State Assembly]] opted for the use of ''Qalqara'' as the standard name for Komania, as an incentive to "straighten" the roots of the [[Koman people| Koman people]].  
  
Historically, [[Komania]] has been known through several names, as a literary tradition, poetic names have been made to designate Komania or highlight any of its peculiarities, prominent variants are ''Dēğshēnden'' or ''Dēğshēndeh'' meaning "land of white sand(s)" unintentionally synonymous with "land of holy sands" and ''Hokdot'' meaning "high land" in reference to the numerous valleys in Komania.  
+
Historically, [[Komania]] has been known through several names, as a literary tradition, poetic names have been made to designate Komania or highlight any of its peculiarities, prominent variants are ''Dêghshenden'' or ''Dêghshendeh'' meaning "land of white sand(s)" unintentionally synonymous with "land of holy sands" and ''Hokdot'' meaning "high land" in reference to the numerous valleys in Komania.  
 
==History==  
 
==History==  
 
===Prehistory===
 
===Prehistory===
  
[[File:Marashah.jpg|thumb|Ruins of Mārāshāh, [[Sāmār Province|Samar]], from the 1st millennium BC, partially inhabited until 500 AD.]]
+
[[File:Marashah.jpg|thumb|Ruins of Marashah, [[Samar Province|Samar]], from the 1st millennium BC, partially inhabited until 500 AD.]]
  
 
The earliest evidence of human activity in the region has been dated back to around 100,000 BC and 90,000 BC during the Micoquien palaeolithic era with the discovery of archaeological artefacts throughout several regions of Komania. Around 95,000 BCE the [[Melkanchuta]] lake formed a vast body of water which might have comprised the lower areas of the Vaniuan basin and most of its northern areas. Such scenario provided an excellent refuge for early human settlements. The first settlements formed the base for the rise of pre-Vaniuan cultures which would later organise into the first city-states. It is assumed that the first inhabitants of the region were predominantly hunter-gatherers following a nomadic lifestyle but would later become increasingly sedentary as agriculture became common around 6000 BC.  
 
The earliest evidence of human activity in the region has been dated back to around 100,000 BC and 90,000 BC during the Micoquien palaeolithic era with the discovery of archaeological artefacts throughout several regions of Komania. Around 95,000 BCE the [[Melkanchuta]] lake formed a vast body of water which might have comprised the lower areas of the Vaniuan basin and most of its northern areas. Such scenario provided an excellent refuge for early human settlements. The first settlements formed the base for the rise of pre-Vaniuan cultures which would later organise into the first city-states. It is assumed that the first inhabitants of the region were predominantly hunter-gatherers following a nomadic lifestyle but would later become increasingly sedentary as agriculture became common around 6000 BC.  
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===Architecture===
 
===Architecture===
  
[[File:Koman depiction.jpg|250px|thumbnail| A 20th-century artistic depiction of Yehayi towers during the [[Great Horde]], painted by [[Qazmay Yira | Qāzmay Yira]].]]
+
[[File:Koman depiction.jpg|250px|thumbnail| A 20th-century artistic depiction of Yehayi towers during the [[Great Horde]], painted by [[Qazmay Yira | Qazmay Yira]].]]
  
 
===Literature===
 
===Literature===

Revision as of 17:20, 13 March 2018

Imperial State of Komania
. Dote Mîşdarhaz Qalqara . (Koman)
Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara
Flag Coat of arms
Motto: Mîşəhəkə Şanətər!
Power through Unity!
Anthem: Ósan Biwə
Golden song
CapitalShanvan
Largest city Samadar
Official languages Koman
Recognised regional languages Mishar · Balak · Sotanese · Kaatian · Nekhilian · Ohanian · Gushli · Qalari · Bashghari · Hashan · Dawari
Ethnic groups Koman (88 %)
Other (11 %)
Religion Zarasaism
Other recognized religions:
Pauegism · Iovism
Demonym Koman
Government de jure:
Constitutional Monarchy
de facto:
Hybrid theocratic semi-constitutional monarchy with a federal structure
 -  Mîşdar (emperor) Mîşanlî Óşar
 -  Prime minister Şawdar Mîşa
Legislature State Assembly
 -  Upper house House of Mozans
 -  Lower house Council of Representatives
Establishment
 -  Qoman Khanate c.1180-1280 
 -  Great Horde 6 May 1289 
 -  Koman Principalities 12 August 1657 
 -  Koman Empire
proclaimed
15 January 1811 
 -  Current Constitution 7 December 1943 
Area
 -  840.440 km2
324 sq mi
 -  Water (%) 1.8%
Population
 -  2016 estimate 42,904,651
 -  Density 52.7/km2
136.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total 1.940 trillion
 -  Per capita 20,677
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total 806.7 billion
 -  Per capita 11,250
Gini (2016)46
high
HDI (2016)0.786
high
Currency Sexam
Time zone SCT +3
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (SCT)
Date format yyyy/mm/dd ( SH)
Drives on the right
Calling code +11
Internet TLD .km, .km

Komania self-designated as ( Koman: . Qalqara .; Qalqara ['xɒlxɒrä]) also known as Khalkharia, officially the Imperial State of Komania ( Koman: . Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara . Dot-e Mîşdarhaz Qalqara) is a sovereign state in Vaniua. With about 42 million inhabitants, Komania is the ?-most populous country. Comprising an area of 814.130 km2 making it the ? largest country in Vaniua and the ? in Sahar. Komania is bordered to the north by the Melkanchuta lake, to the northeast by ? and Kaatkukia, to the east by Balakia, to the south by the Khanate of Gushlia and Nekhilia, to the southwest by Ohania and finally Xonqorot and Shohuan to the west, Komania is considered to be the country with most sheared borders in Vaniua followed by Balakia and Shohuan. The country's location in central Vaniua bordering the Melkanchuta lake along the flowing rivers of Braghak and Kashis give it a geostrategic importance. Shanvan is the country's capital and one of the largest economic centres of the nation only behind Samadar.

Etymology

The name Koman ( Koman: . Qaman .; Qaman ['xɒmän]) designating present-day Komania only, is a medieval term first recorded around 1150 AD by Vaniuan scholars to designate the short-lived Khanate of Qoman suited along the southern coasts of the Melkanchuta lake, it became a popular ethnonym among Komans during the Great Horde after Shi Oshar applied the term to the newly settled Kalkali tribes of the former Kalkali state. It became synonymous with the term Qamandi, applied to the former inhabitants of the Qoman Khanate and their language. The ethnonym "Koman" is itself of unknown origin, however, several theories suggested by prominent scholars pinpoint a possible origin from the Koman word Qama meaning "coast" and hypothesising the possible suffix -an, Qaman might itself mean "the people of the coast" or "of the coast" itself a possible cognate to the Koman suffix -a. Other theories suggest a possible origin from the word Qam meaning "ten" historically used for the tribal confederation of Qom which was itself composed by ten core tribes.

The self-designation Qalqara meaning "land of Khalkhars" begun to be used around the 16th century to refer to the Koman diaspora throughout the Great Horde, composed by the ethnonym Qalqar and the suffix -a meaning "place of" or "land of" it was at the time exclusively used to refer to any territory inhabited by tribes of Kalkali origin and the Kalkali Khanate in general. Due to strong nationalism among Komans around the 19th century, the State Assembly opted for the use of Qalqara as the standard name for Komania, as an incentive to "straighten" the roots of the Koman people.

Historically, Komania has been known through several names, as a literary tradition, poetic names have been made to designate Komania or highlight any of its peculiarities, prominent variants are Dêghshenden or Dêghshendeh meaning "land of white sand(s)" unintentionally synonymous with "land of holy sands" and Hokdot meaning "high land" in reference to the numerous valleys in Komania.

History

Prehistory

Ruins of Marashah, Samar, from the 1st millennium BC, partially inhabited until 500 AD.

The earliest evidence of human activity in the region has been dated back to around 100,000 BC and 90,000 BC during the Micoquien palaeolithic era with the discovery of archaeological artefacts throughout several regions of Komania. Around 95,000 BCE the Melkanchuta lake formed a vast body of water which might have comprised the lower areas of the Vaniuan basin and most of its northern areas. Such scenario provided an excellent refuge for early human settlements. The first settlements formed the base for the rise of pre-Vaniuan cultures which would later organise into the first city-states. It is assumed that the first inhabitants of the region were predominantly hunter-gatherers following a nomadic lifestyle but would later become increasingly sedentary as agriculture became common around 6000 BC.

Around 4000 BC the expansion of agriculture and new technological innovations pushed pre-Vaniuan cultures to the development of larger settlements, with the rise of city-states came the establishment of trade and early industries of pottery, weaving and metalwork, mostly relying on agricultural activity. The Gashar civilisation arose from the Black-pottery culture around what is now considered as the golden crescent between modern Komania and Xonqorot, founding the city-state of Zǎmarṭar (modern-day Samadar) which at its pick attained a population of 90,000 becoming an early trade hub and centre of economy.

by 3000 BC several city-states had been founded around the Golden Crescent, however, around 2800 BC population growth and agriculture abruptly halted due to the consecutive droughts produced by climate change, this came with the gradual expansion of proto-Vaniuans towards the south (believed to have started around 3000 BC), bringing with them their equestrian and nomadic lifestyle, ultimately changing the landscape. Intermixing is believed to have occurred as early as 4000 BCE but didn't become prominent until their full arrival around the Golden Crescent in 2000 BCE.

(most pre-Vaniuan groups were assimilated at last with some perduring until around 700 AD. )

Classical Antiquity

Around 2000 BC, the Gashar civilisation arose to what became the Neo-Gashar Kingdom of Guzabur


By the first mileniua

Medieval Period

Early Modern Period

Era of Industrialisation

Militarisation

Koman Civil War

Sannist Rebellion

Kuulist Threat

Contemporary Era

Geography


Located in the near centre of the Vaniuan region, Komania is considered a landlocked country, sharing the Melkanchuta lake with Dohjan the country extends itself along the Vaniuan plateau with a total area of 814.130km2.

Climate

Map of biotopes of Komania
  Forests and woodlands
  Forest steppe
  Steppe
  Arid steppes
  Semi-desert
  Desert highlands

Fauna

Cities, provinces and regions

Politics

Administrative divisions

Military

Economy

Transport

Energy

Science and technology

Tourism

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Urbanisation

Language

Education

Healthcare

Religion

Culture

Heritage

Architecture

A 20th-century artistic depiction of Yehayi towers during the Great Horde, painted by Qazmay Yira.

Literature

Art

Music

Theatre

Film

Cuisine

Sport

Symbols

See also