List of language families

From CWS Planet
Revision as of 22:06, 24 February 2018 by Rowe (Talk | contribs) (Added Maedim and Yisi language families and Pomvonuka)

Jump to: navigation, search

This set of lists of language families also includes language isolates, unclassified languages, extinct language groups, and signed languages.

Language families

In the following chart, each row is a recognized language family, with data on how many languages belong to each family, which regions they are primarily spoken in and by how many people as a first language. Note that only extant languages are counted, no extinct ones. Thus, a family can have one language if the other languages have gone extinct.

Family name Languages Current speakers Location Proposed parent family
Adzo-Neviran languages 8 260,000,000 Ekuosia, Puzimm Ekuo-Lahiri languages
Alpic languages Alpa
Amaian languages 10 35,000,000 Vaniua, Parshita Amaian-Voontic languages
Argeyazic languages 2 175,000,000 Ekuosia
Asuranesian languages 10 Asuranesia, Nagu
Atruozan languages South Baredina, Ystel Ystelo-Atruozan languages
Baredan languages 5 55,208,000 South Baredina
Bavkir languages 100,000,000 Boroso, Ekuosia
Cathani languages 21 Parshita
Colian languages 5 26,000,000 Soltenna
Daleic languages 220,000,000 Ekuosia, Puzimm, Parshita
Darkinic languages Soltenna
Jö-Ku languages 4 Parshita
Kame languages Parshita
Kencha languages 2 2,000 Puzimm
Konaaczinh languages 1 Boroso
Kõ languages Ekuosia
Lahiri languages 3 45,000,000 Lahan Ekuo-Lahiri languages
Letsic languages 8 400,000,000 Ekuosia
Maakpauean languages 5 8,500,000 North Miraria
Maedim languages 4 Puzimm
Methic languages Soltenna
Mherdic languages 12 250,000,000 (est.) Boroso
Milevic languages Parshita Shaelic languages
Ngerupic languages 100 300,000,000 Akulanen, Soltenna, Ekuosia
Ngutanic languages 1 23,000,000 Boroso
Nuhay-Setyalnian languages 2 Boroso Upper Borosan languages
Õlukalic languages 7 Parshita
Otjesi-Lonish languages 21 58,000,000 Ekuosia
Pagaks languages Parshita
Palawe languages 2 100,000 Ekuosia
Paroan languages Parshita
Q'eb languages 2 10,000,000 Ekuosia Ekuo-Lahiri languages
Quatic languages Northwest Miraria
Rartakan languages 7 Parshita
Rietic languages Soltenna
Saru-Asuran languages Lahan, Asuranesia
Shekkuan languages Shekku Shaelic languages
Sitr languages Soltenna Sitr-Yenan languages
Taantic languages 1 30,000,000 Boroso Upper Borosan languages
Theweric languages 3 100,000,000 Boroso
Tiengic languages Parshita
Tlukeric languages 6 2,100,000 Parshita Shaelic languages
Vaniuan languages 20 400,000,000 Vaniua
Varkanic languages Draconic Sea Islands
Voontic languages 2 11,000 Vaniua Amaian-Voontic languages
Xhovian languages 8 230,000,000 South Baredina
Yenan languages Soltenna Sitr-Yenan languages
Yisi languages 3 Puzimm
Ystellic languages Ystel Ystelo-Atruozan languages

Language isolates

Language isolates are languages which are not part of any known family and they can be alternatively described as being its sole representative.




Unclassified languages

Languages are considered unclassified either because, for one reason or another, little effort has been made to compare them with other languages or more commonly, because they are too poorly documented to permit reliable classification: most such languages are extinct and, most likely, will never be known well enough to classify.


Extinct families and unclassified languages

This section lists extinct languages and families which have no known living relatives; while a minority of these is well known but still classified as genetically independent, the lack of attestation makes many of these hard to put into larger groups.

Name Languages Year of death Location Well-attested? Proposed parent family
Chikishon languages 2 5th century CE Central Magali Yes Ngerupic languages (not commonly accepted)

Creoles and mixed languages

Termic creoles

Shohuanese creoles

Sign languages

The family relationships of sign languages are not well established due to a lag in linguistic research, and many are isolates. Some established sign language families include:

Sign language isolates include: