A Mâca is a political and religious process that serves as an annual mandate; it is a series of reforms or laws created annually, chiefly religious laws. These laws can vary from being as simple as the prohibition of a certain event or object deemed qâshêz "forbidden" under Zarasaist law to the implementation of standard gharams on a region. Variations of this practice can be found in areas that were historically controlled and influenced by the Great Horde. While there was previously a lack of any distinction between a religious Mâca and a political Mâca as a result of the Great Horde's theocratic nature, several countries in eastern Vaniua now make such a distinction. Economic affairs were generally excluded in the reforms presented in a Mâca, although some countries which feature political Mâcas as a key component of their political system (such as Balakia) include the approval of their annual budgets in it, among other related reforms.
As Ashar's realm grew he oversaw the need for regulations within the empire, due to the multi-ethnic nature of the Great Horde the administration felt a great need to satisfy the total needs of the population. Mâcas were initially implemented as purely religious reforms, with it changes over the architecture and use of Gharams came as well as religious taxes over believers and non-believers. Mâcas were continued to be implemented for diverse uses following religious law.
Under the Great Horde there was no distinction between a religious Mâca and a political Mâca; Mâcas included several theological and political aspects, and various religious laws, as well as regularisations which affected religious architecture and religious clothing, among other things. It included petitions by the clergy as well as the common people and religious issues which needed solution. A state's budget and other economic reforms were typically excluded and was given in another process (TBD). A Mâca generally took 1 year to assemble and distribute.
In Balakia a political Mâca (known in the country as a mâj) is called for at the end of each year in the Vaniuan calendar. Any reforms decided upon during the course of the mâj period come into force on March 20th.
Komania has little distinction between religious and political Mâcas, due to the theocratic nature of the Koman government there has been little to no attempts on regulating such distinction. As of today, Mâcas are regulated by the religious council known as Kharamam were a Mâca is published every 10 years as part of Komania's attempts at promoting traditional values within its administration. A Mâca is known as a Maja in Koman.