Difference between revisions of "Mablic script"

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(Created page with "{{Infobox writing system |name= Mablic<br> <small><small>{{cs|MBI|9hplagled}}</small></small> |type=Alphabet |languages= Mablic |cre...")
 
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{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
! Letter !! Name !! Pronunciation !! Romanization (DLR)
+
! Letter !! Name !! Pronunciation (Mablic) !! Pronunciation (Deyab) !! Pronunciation (Aysaung) !! Pronunciation (North Xemxi) !! Pronunciation (South Xemxi) !! Pronunciation (Ghonggi) !! Romanization (Mablic; DLR)
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|b}}</small> || ''pwer'' || /p ~ b/ || ''p''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|b}}</small> || ''pwer'' || /p ~ b/ || /p ~ b/ || /b/ || /p/ || /b/ || /b/ || ''p''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|p}}</small> || ''pwer hnoi'' || /pʰ ~ p/ || ''ph''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|p}}</small> || ''pwer hnoi'' || /pʰ ~ p/ || /pʰ ~ p/ || /p/ || - || /p/ || /p/ || ''ph''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|d}}</small> || ''tloung'' || /t ~ d/ || ''t''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|d}}</small> || ''tloung'' || /t ~ d/ || /t ~ d/ || /d/ || /t/ || /d/ || /d/ || ''t''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|t}}</small> || ''tloung hnoi'' || /tʰ ~ t/ || ''th''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|t}}</small> || ''tloung hnoi'' || /tʰ ~ t/ || /tʰ ~ t/ || /t/ || - || /t/ || /t/ || ''th''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|g}}</small> || ''kyeum'' || /k ~ g/ || ''k''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|g}}</small> || ''kyeum'' || /k ~ g/ || /k ~ g/ || /g/ || /k/ || /g/ || /g/ || ''k''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|k}}</small> || ''kyeum hnoi'' || /kʰ ~ k/ || ''kh''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|k}}</small> || ''kyeum hnoi'' || /kʰ ~ k/ || /kʰ ~ k/ || /k/ || - || /k/ || /k/ || ''kh''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|m}}</small> || ''mik'' || /m/ || ''m''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|m}}</small> || ''mik'' || /m/ || /m/ || /m/ || /m/ || /m/ || /m/ || ''m''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|9}}</small> || ''mik ngienh'' || /m̥/ || ''hm''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|9}}</small> || ''mik ngienh'' || /m̥/ || - || - || - || - || - || ''hm''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|n}}</small> || ''neiw'' || /n/ || ''n''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|n}}</small> || ''neiw'' || /n/ || /n/ || /n/ || /n/ || /n/ || /n/ || ''n''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|(}}</small> || ''neiw ngienh'' || /n̥/ || ''hn''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|(}}</small> || ''neiw ngienh'' || /n̥/ ||  - || - || - || - || - || ''hn''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|q}}</small> || ''ngeu'' || /ŋ/ || ''ng''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|q}}</small> || ''ngeu'' || /ŋ/ || /ŋ/ || /ŋ/ || /ŋ/ || /ŋ/ || - || ''ng''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|&}}</small> || ''ngeu ngienh'' || /ŋ̊/ || ''hng''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|&}}</small> || ''ngeu ngienh'' || /ŋ̊/ ||  - || - || - || - || - || ''hng''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|&}}</small> || ''nhoen'' || /ɴ/ || ''nh''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|x}}</small> || ''nhoen'' || /ɴ/ || /ɲ/ || - || - || - || /ɴ/ || ''nh''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|&}}</small> || ''nhoen ngienh'' || /ɴ̥/ || ''hnh''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|8}}</small> || ''nhoen ngienh'' || /ɴ̥/ ||  - || - || - || - || - || ''hnh''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|j}}</small> || ''chouw'' || /t͡ɕ/ || ''ch''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|j}}</small> || ''chouw'' || /t͡ɕ/ || /ɕ/ || /d͡ʒ/ || /ʃ/ || /d͡ʒ/ || /ɟ/ || ''ch''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|c}}</small> || ''chouw hnoi'' || /t͡ɕʰ/ || ''chh''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|c}}</small> || ''chouw hnoi'' || /t͡ɕʰ/ || /ɕʰ/ || /t͡ʃ/ || - || /t͡ʃ/ || /c/ || ''chh''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|z}}</small> || ''tsiey'' || /t͡s/ || ''ts''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|z}}</small> || ''tsiey'' || /t͡s/ || /s/ || /d͡z/ || /s/ || /z/ || /d͡z/ || ''ts''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|s}}</small> || ''tsiey hnoi'' || /t͡sʰ/ || ''tsh''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|s}}</small> || ''tsiey hnoi'' || /t͡sʰ/ || /sʰ/ || /t͡s/ || - || /s/ || /t͡s/ || ''tsh''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|l}}</small> || ''loehm'' || /l/ || ''l''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|l}}</small> || ''loehm'' || /l/ || - || /l/ || /l/ || /l/ || /l/ || ''l''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|w}}</small> || ''woik'' || /w/ || ''w''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|w}}</small> || ''woik'' || /w/ || /w/ || /w/ || /w/ || /w/ || /w/ || ''w''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|r}}</small> || ''renh'' || /ɾ ~ ɹ/ || ''r''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|r}}</small> || ''renh'' || /ɾ ~ ɹ/ || /r/ || /ɾ ~ ɹ/ || /ʝ/ || /ʁ/ || /ɣ/ || ''r''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|)}}</small> || ''rriiy'' || /r/ || ''rr''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|)}}</small> || ''rriiy'' || /r/ ||  - || - || - || - || - || ''rr''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|y}}</small> || ''yeik'' || /j/ || ''y''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|y}}</small> || ''yeik'' || /j/ || /j/ || /j/ || /j/ || /j ~ ʲ/ || /j/ || ''y''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|a}}</small> || ''anh'' || /à ~ a/ || ''a''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|a}}</small> || ''anh'' || /à ~ a/ || /a/ || /a/ || /a/ || /a/ || /a/ || ''a''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|u}}</small> || ''ut'' || /ù ~ u/ || ''u''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|u}}</small> || ''ut'' || /ù ~ u/ || /u/ || /u/ || /u/ || /u/ || /u/ || ''u''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|e}}</small> || ''eng'' || /ɛ̀ ~ ɛ ~ e/ || ''e''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|e}}</small> || ''eng'' || /ɛ̀ ~ ɛ ~ e/ || /e/ || /ɛ/ || /ɛ/ || /ɛ/ || /ɛ ~ e/ || ''e''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|i}}</small> || ''ing'' || /ì ~ i ~ ɪ/ || ''i''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|i}}</small> || ''ing'' || /ì ~ i ~ ɪ/ || /i/ || /i/ || /i/ || /i/ || /i ~ ɪ/ || ''i''
 
|-
 
|-
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|o}}</small> || ''onh'' || /ɯ̀ ~ ɯ/ || ''o''
+
| style="padding:5px" | <small>{{cs|MBI|o}}</small> || ''onh'' || /ɯ̀ ~ ɯ/ || /ɯ/ || /ɯ/ || /o/ || /o/ || /o ~ ɔ/ || ''o''
 +
|-
 +
!! colspan="9" | Extended letters
 +
|-
 +
! Letter !! Name !! Pronunciation (Mablic) !! Pronunciation (Deyab) !! Pronunciation (Aysaung) !! Pronunciation (North Xemxi) !! Pronunciation (South Xemxi) !! Pronunciation (Ghonggi) !! Romanization (Various)
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|c}} || ''cau'' || - || /ʔ/ || - || /ʔ/ || /ʔ/ || /ʔ/ || ''', c''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|e}} || ''ən'' || - || /ə/ || /ɤ/ || /ə/ || /ə/ || /ə/ || ''ə, oo, é''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|h}} || ''ha'' || - || /x/ || - || /h/ || /h/ || /h/ || ''x, h''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|x}} || ''xa'' || - || - || - || /x/ || /x/ || /x/ || ''x''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|s}} || ''sa'' || - || - || /s/ || - || - || /s/ || ''s''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|z}} || ''za'' || - || - || /z/ || - || - || - || ''z''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|0}} || ''sha'' || - || - || /ʃ/ || - || /ʃ/ || - || ''sh''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|1}} || ''zha'' || - || - || /ʒ/ || - || - || - || ''zh''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|f}} || ''fa'' || - || - || /f/ || /ɸ/ || /f/ || /f/ || ''f''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|v}} || ''va'' || - ||  - || /v/ || - || - || /v/ || ''v''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|t}} || ''tha'' || - || - || /θ/ || - || - || - || ''th''
 +
|-
 +
| style="padding:5px" | {{cs|AYU|d}} || ''dha'' || - ||  - || /ð/ || - || - || /ð/ || ''dh''
 
|}
 
|}

Revision as of 05:56, 12 September 2019

Mablic
9hplagled
Hmaephla Klet.png
Mablic script
TypeAlphabet
LanguagesMablic
CreatorPaephhmai (allegedly)
Time period
c. 1113 CE - Present

The Mablic script (Mablic: 9hplagled, Hmaephla klet [m̥āpʰlà klɛ̀t]) is an alphabetic writing system used to write Mablic and other Prra-Blen languages, as well as the Xemxi languages. According to legend, it was developed around 1113 CE by Paephhmai, the third king of Hneing (an early Mablic Kingdom). The system has 19 base letter forms and 6 diacritics, that combine into 43 distinct letters, though the official alphabet lists 28 letters.

Alphabet

Alphabet

Letter Name Pronunciation (Mablic) Pronunciation (Deyab) Pronunciation (Aysaung) Pronunciation (North Xemxi) Pronunciation (South Xemxi) Pronunciation (Ghonggi) Romanization (Mablic; DLR)
b pwer /p ~ b/ /p ~ b/ /b/ /p/ /b/ /b/ p
p pwer hnoi /pʰ ~ p/ /pʰ ~ p/ /p/ - /p/ /p/ ph
d tloung /t ~ d/ /t ~ d/ /d/ /t/ /d/ /d/ t
t tloung hnoi /tʰ ~ t/ /tʰ ~ t/ /t/ - /t/ /t/ th
g kyeum /k ~ g/ /k ~ g/ /g/ /k/ /g/ /g/ k
k kyeum hnoi /kʰ ~ k/ /kʰ ~ k/ /k/ - /k/ /k/ kh
m mik /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ /m/ m
9 mik ngienh /m̥/ - - - - - hm
n neiw /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ /n/ n
( neiw ngienh /n̥/ - - - - - hn
q ngeu /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ /ŋ/ - ng
& ngeu ngienh /ŋ̊/ - - - - - hng
x nhoen /ɴ/ /ɲ/ - - - /ɴ/ nh
8 nhoen ngienh /ɴ̥/ - - - - - hnh
j chouw /t͡ɕ/ /ɕ/ /d͡ʒ/ /ʃ/ /d͡ʒ/ /ɟ/ ch
c chouw hnoi /t͡ɕʰ/ /ɕʰ/ /t͡ʃ/ - /t͡ʃ/ /c/ chh
z tsiey /t͡s/ /s/ /d͡z/ /s/ /z/ /d͡z/ ts
s tsiey hnoi /t͡sʰ/ /sʰ/ /t͡s/ - /s/ /t͡s/ tsh
l loehm /l/ - /l/ /l/ /l/ /l/ l
w woik /w/ /w/ /w/ /w/ /w/ /w/ w
r renh /ɾ ~ ɹ/ /r/ /ɾ ~ ɹ/ /ʝ/ /ʁ/ /ɣ/ r
) rriiy /r/ - - - - - rr
y yeik /j/ /j/ /j/ /j/ /j ~ ʲ/ /j/ y
a anh /à ~ a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ /a/ a
u ut /ù ~ u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ /u/ u
e eng /ɛ̀ ~ ɛ ~ e/ /e/ /ɛ/ /ɛ/ /ɛ/ /ɛ ~ e/ e
i ing /ì ~ i ~ ɪ/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /i ~ ɪ/ i
o onh /ɯ̀ ~ ɯ/ /ɯ/ /ɯ/ /o/ /o/ /o ~ ɔ/ o
Extended letters
Letter Name Pronunciation (Mablic) Pronunciation (Deyab) Pronunciation (Aysaung) Pronunciation (North Xemxi) Pronunciation (South Xemxi) Pronunciation (Ghonggi) Romanization (Various)
c cau - /ʔ/ - /ʔ/ /ʔ/ /ʔ/ ', c
e ən - /ə/ /ɤ/ /ə/ /ə/ /ə/ ə, oo, é
h ha - /x/ - /h/ /h/ /h/ x, h
x xa - - - /x/ /x/ /x/ x
s sa - - /s/ - - /s/ s
z za - - /z/ - - - z
0 sha - - /ʃ/ - /ʃ/ - sh
1 zha - - /ʒ/ - - - zh
f fa - - /f/ /ɸ/ /f/ /f/ f
v va - - /v/ - - /v/ v
t tha - - /θ/ - - - th
d dha - - /ð/ - - /ð/ dh