Difference between revisions of "Monyo"

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{{Infobox country
+
 
|conventional_long_name = Democratic Kingdom of Monyo
+
{{Infobox language
|native_name = ''Ĕakormonĕo''
+
|name          = Monyo
|common_name = Yakormonyo
+
|altname      =  
|image_flag = YakormonyoFlag.png
+
|nativename    = Mĕofat
|alt_flag =          <!--alt text for flag (text shown when pointer hovers over flag)-->
+
|pronunciation = /mɔnjɔɸätɔ/
|image_flag2 =       <!--e.g. Second-flag of country.svg-->
+
|states       = Yakormonyo
|alt_flag2 =         <!--alt text for second flag-->
+
|region       =
|image_coat =        <!--e.g. Coat of arms of country.svg-->
+
|latd  =  | latm = | latNS = <!-- latitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
|alt_coat =          <!--alt text for coat of arms-->
+
|longd = | longm = | longEW = <!-- longitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
|symbol_type =       <!--emblem, seal, etc (if not a coat of arms)-->
+
|ethnicity    = Monyos
|national_motto =     <!--in inverted commas and wikilinked if link exists-->
+
|speakers      = 1,500,000 (estimate)
|national_anthem = ''Akor Uozi''
+
|date         =  
|royal_anthem =      <!--in italics (double quotemarks) and wikilinked if link exists-->
+
|familycolor  =  
|other_symbol_type <!--Use if a further symbol exists, e.g. hymn-->
+
|fam1          =  
|other_symbol =
+
|ancestor3     = Proto-Lhochan
|image_map =          <!--e.g. LocationCountry.svg-->
+
|ancestor2    = Proto-Monyo
|alt_map =            <!--alt text for map-->
+
|ancestor      = Old Monyo
|map_caption =        <!--Caption to place below map-->
+
|posteriori    = not a posteriori
|image_map2 =        <!--Another map, if required-->
+
|dia1          =  
|alt_map2 =          <!--alt text for second map-->
+
|dialects      = Samejinon
|map_caption2 =      <!--Caption to place below second map-->
+
|script        = Monyo Script
|capital = Otofu
+
|nation       = [[Yakormonyo]]
|latd= | latm= | latNS= |longd= |longm= |longEW= <!--capital's latitude and longitude in degrees/minutes/direction-->
+
|agency       =  
|largest_city = capital
+
|iso3          = EKM
|largest_settlement_type = <!--Type of settlement if largest settlement not a city-->
+
|image         =  
|largest_settlement = <!--Name of largest settlement-->
+
|imagesize     =  
|official_languages = [[Monyo]]
+
|imagealt      =  
|national_languages = <!--Country/territory-wide languages recognised but not necessarily in country/territory-wide law, etc-->
+
|imagecaption  =  
|regional_languages = Pekhan
+
|imageheader  =  
|languages_type =     <!--Use to specify a further type of language, if not official, national or regional-->
+
|map          =
|languages =         <!--Languages of the further type-->
+
|mapsize      =  
|languages_sub =     <!--Is this further type of language a sub-item of the previous non-sub type? ("yes" or "no")-->
+
|mapalt        =  
|languages2_type =   <!--Another further type of language-->
+
|mapcaption    =
|languages2 =         <!--Languages of this second further type-->
+
|languages2_sub =     <!--Is the second alternative type of languages a sub-item of the previous non-sub type? ("yes" or "no")-->
+
|ethnic_groups = Monyos, Pekhahuas<!--List/breakdown of ethnic groups within the country/territory-->
+
|ethnic_groups_year = <!--Year of ethnic groups data (if provided) or use to place a <ref>-->
+
|demonym = Monyo<!--Term/s describing those associated with the country/territory (e.g. "Belgian" for the country Belgium)-->
+
|government_type = Constitutional Monarchy<!--(often a compound multi-wikilinked term, e.g. "Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic", etc)-->
+
|leader_title1 = King
+
|leader_name1 = Yi
+
|leader_title2 = Prime Minister
+
|leader_name2 = Sekoria
+
|leader_title3 = General
+
|leader_name3 = Ongunonkor
+
|legislature = Law Department/Senate
+
|upper_house =       <!--Name of governing body's upper house, if given (e.g. "Senate")-->
+
|lower_house =       <!--Name of governing body's lower house, if given (e.g. "Chamber of Deputies")-->
+
|sovereignty_type =  <!--Brief description of country/territory's status ("Independence [from...]", "Autonomous province [of...]", etc)-->
+
|sovereignty_note =
+
|established_event1 = Independence from the Empire of Yahara as Peccy and Otofu
+
|established_date1 = 1515
+
|established_event2 = Unification of Peccy and Otofu as the UDPO
+
|established_date2 = ~1700
+
|established_event3 = Kuulist forces overthrow government; UKMD forms
+
|established_date3 = 1898
+
|established_event4 = Kuulism collapses; Current constitution
+
|established_date4 = 1946
+
|area_rank =
+
|area_magnitude =
+
|area =              <!--Major area size (in [[Template:convert]] either km2 or sqmi first)-->
+
|area_km2 =          <!--Major area size (in square km)-->
+
|area_sq_mi =        <!--Area in square mi (requires area_km2)-->
+
|area_footnote =      <!--Optional footnote for area-->
+
|percent_water =
+
|area_label =        <!--Label under "Area" (default is "Total")-->
+
|area_label2 =       <!--Label below area_label (optional)-->
+
|area_data2 =         <!--Text after area_label2 (optional)-->
+
|population_estimate = 2 500 000
+
|population_estimate_rank =
+
|population_estimate_year =
+
|population_census =
+
|population_census_year =
+
|population_density_km2 =
+
|population_density_sq_mi =
+
|population_density_rank =
+
|GDP_PPP =                    <!--(Gross Domestic Product from Purchasing Power Parity)-->
+
|GDP_PPP_rank =
+
|GDP_PPP_year =
+
|GDP_PPP_per_capita =
+
|GDP_PPP_per_capita_rank =
+
|GDP_nominal =
+
|GDP_nominal_rank =
+
|GDP_nominal_year =
+
|GDP_nominal_per_capita =
+
|GDP_nominal_per_capita_rank =
+
|Gini =                        <!--(Gini measure of income inequality; input number only; valid values are between 0 and 100)-->
+
|Gini_ref =                    <!--(for any ref/s to associate with Gini number)-->
+
|Gini_rank =
+
|Gini_year =
+
|HDI =                        <!--(Human Development Index; input number only; valid values are between 0 and 1)-->
+
|HDI_ref =                    <!--(for any ref/s to associate with HDI number)-->
+
|HDI_rank =
+
|HDI_year =
+
|currency = Keńu
+
|currency_code = KNU
+
|time_zone =          <!--e.g. GMT, PST, AST, etc, etc (wikilinked if possible)-->
+
|utc_offset =         <!--in the form "+N", where N is number of hours offset-->
+
|time_zone_DST =     <!--Link to DST (Daylight Saving Time) used, otherwise "not observed"-->
+
|utc_offset_DST =     <!--in the form "+N", where N is number of hours offset-->
+
|DST_note =           <!--Optional note regarding DST use-->
+
|antipodes =         <!--Place/s exactly on the opposite side of the world to country/territory-->
+
|date_format =       <!--numeric dates (dd-mm-yyyy, yyyy.mm.dd, etc) plus era (CE, AD, AH, etc)-->
+
|drives_on =         <!--"right" or "left" (side of road)-->
+
|cctld =              <!--Internet country code top-level domain identifier (e.g. [[.br]], [[.de]], etc)
+
|iso3166code =        <!--Use to override default from common_name parameter above; omit using "omit".-->
+
|calling_code = [[+396]]<!--e.g. [[+1]], [[+531]], [[+44]], etc-->
+
|image_map3 =        <!--Optional third map position, e.g. for use with reference to footnotes below it-->
+
|alt_map3 =           <!--alt text for third map position-->
+
|footnote_a =         <!--For any footnote <sup>a</sup> used above-->
+
|footnote_b =         <!--For any footnote <sup>b</sup> used above-->
+
<!--......-->
+
|footnote_h =         <!--For any footnote <sup>h</sup> used above-->
+
|footnotes =          <!--For any generic non-numbered footnotes-->
+
|patron_saint =  
+
 
}}
 
}}
  
'''Yakormonyo''' (<small>[[Monyo]]:</small> ''Ĕakormonĕo'' [[Language#Phonology|[IPA]]]), officially the '''Democratic Kingdom of Monyo''', is a country located north of Yahara and south of Ngutan. <!--Briefly present the country in terms of history, language, politics, something the country is well-known for. -->
+
Monyo is spoken as a native language throughout northern [[Yakormonyo]]. It has a very interesting writing system, where all letters are considered vowels. It is an analytical language, with a short, 'staccato'-like sound. It has one retroflex letter, which appears in the forms koL or xeL.
  
==Etymology==
+
==Background==
Yakormonyo comes from two [[Monyo]] words, 'ĕakor' (king) and 'monĕo' (land). Its official name is the Democratic Kingdom of Monyo, but is called Yakormonyo to signify the Monarchy.
+
==History==
+
The  Kingdom Of Monyo is an ancient nation that has been stable for centuries. It gained independence from the  Empire Of Yahara in the year 1515 as the Far Northern Duchies of Peccy and Otofu. Eventually through several treaties, the two duchies united around the 1700's, creating the United Duchies of Peccy-Otofu (UDPO). By the 1800's, Kuulist forces started to emerge, and the nation became the Union of Kuulist Monyo Duchies (UKMD) for a brief time from 1898-1946. After 1946, Kuulism collapsed in Monyo, and the nation became a Monarchy, led by King Yi.
+
==Geography==
+
  
===Geology===
+
<!-- Design goals, inspiration, ideas, who speaks it?, when was it created?, where does it come from?, any peculiarities? -->
  
===Climate===
+
<!-- Example categories/headings:
  
===Biodiversity===
+
Goals
 +
Setting
 +
Inspiration
  
==Politics==
+
-->
  
===Government===
+
<!-- ***Phonology*** -->
According to Chapter 1, Section 5 of the Constitution, ''"Yakormonyo is to be ceremonially led by the King, and officially (led) by two officials: the Prime Minister and the General."'' The Prime Minister holds the Executive-Legislative branch, while the General holds the Military-Judicial branch. Under each there are the following:
+
<!-- What sounds does your language use? -->
 +
<!-- Here are some example sub-/other categories:
  
====Executive-Legislative Branch====
+
Vowel inventory
The Executive-Legislative Branch is led by Prime Minister Sekoria, who took office in 2011.
+
Consonant inventory
<br />
+
Syllable structure
-Law Department/Senate
+
Stress
<br />
+
Intonation
-Education Department
+
<br />
+
-Relations Department
+
<br />
+
-Health Department
+
<br />
+
-Environmental Department
+
<br />
+
-Financial Department
+
  
====Military-Judicial Branch====
+
-->
The Military-Judicial Branch is led by General Ongunonkor, who took office in 2013.
+
==Phonology==
<br />
+
===Consonants===
-Bureau of the Nation/Internal Territories Bureau
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="width: 660px; text-align:center;"
<br />
+
! style="width: 68px; "|
-Justice Bureau/Supreme Court
+
! style="width: 68px; " |Bilabial
<br />
+
! style="width: 68px; " |Alveolar
-Immigration-Deportation Bureau
+
! style="width: 68px; " |Palatal
<br />
+
! style="width: 68px; " |Velar
-External Territories Bureau
+
|-
 +
! style="" |Nasal
 +
| m (m)
 +
| n (n)
 +
|
 +
| ń (ŋ)
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Plosive
 +
| p (p)
 +
| t (t)
 +
|
 +
| k (k)
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Fricative
 +
| f (ɸ), v (β)
 +
| s (s), z (z)
 +
| ş (ʃ), j (ʒ), x (ç)<sup>1</sup>, y (ʝ)<sup>1</sup>
 +
| x (x), y (ɣ)
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Approximant
 +
| ŭ (w)
 +
| l (ɻ)<sup>2</sup>
 +
| ĕ (j)
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Flap
 +
|
 +
| r (ɾ)
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|}
  
===Administrative divisions===
+
<sup>1</sup>When before ɪ or ʊ̈
The nation is divided into two oblasts, the Toşe Oblast (Toşe Pavoka) and the Pekha Oblast (Pekha Pavoka). Both can create their own laws and reforms, as long as they follow the Constitution. Under these two oblasts are 11 districts, where each has a local school, hospital, environmental center, etc.
+
[[File:Monyo Districts.png|thumbnail|right|Monyo Districts in Monyo and English; Red (north): Otofu Oblast; Green (south): Pekha Oblast]]
+
  
===Foreign relations===
+
<sup>2</sup>Only seen in forms 'koL' and 'xeL'
Yakormonyo is mostly in isolation, except for trades (and immigration-deportation agreements) with Yahara, Lhavres and Ngutan. Besides trading, Yakormonyo's only tie is with Yahara, the nation to its immediate south.
+
  
===Military===
+
===Vowels===
The Monyo government has a Military-Judicial branch, led by the General. Under him are the Captains of the Nation, Justice, Immigration-Deportation, and External Territories.
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="width: 540px; text-align:center;"
 +
! style="width: 90px; "|
 +
! style="width: 90px; " |Frontal
 +
! style="width: 90px; " |Central
 +
! style="width: 90px; " |Back
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Close
 +
| e (ɪ)
 +
| i (ʊ̈)
 +
| u (ʊ)
 +
|-
 +
! style="" |Open
 +
|
 +
| a (ä)
 +
| o (ɔ)
 +
|-
 +
|}
  
The nation also has a very strict Constitution; according to Chapter 1, Section 5 of the Constitution, ''"Those who disregard the Constitution or any law created by the Senate are to be revoked of their citizenship. They are also to be deported to a neighboring nation [Yahara, Lhavres or Ngutan] and forbidden from returning from Yakormonyo for a certain amount of time."''
+
===Phonotactics===
 +
<!-- Explain the consonant clusters and vowel clusters that are permissible for use in the language. For example, "st" is an allowed consonant cluster in English while onset "ng" isn't. -->
  
==Economy==
+
===Orthography===
 +
[[File:Monyo_Alfabit.png|thumbnail|The Complete Monyo Alphabet in the official computer font.]]
 +
Monyo uses a very strange abugida-like alphabet, which is surprisingly derived from [[Dulic_script|Dulic]]. Most Monyos considering their script to be purely vowelic, where all letters are vowels. The vowels are then separated into true vowels and false vowels. The true vowels are the letters that are truly vowels. With the exceptions of e and u, these vowels stay vowels no matter where they are in a word. The false vowels are syllables that start with consonants. Before, the script was a purely phonetic one, but it slowly became alphasyllabic (except in Vomen). Other syllables are made by affixing a true vowel, which replaces the syllable's nucleus and coda. But if <e> or <nowiki><u></nowiki> is followed by another true vowel, it becomes /j/ or /w/ respectively, and is treated like a false vowel, so even if another false vowel precedes it, the false vowel doesn't connect to the true vowels; it stays a syllable. A good example of this is the word <meo>, land, which is pronounced /mɔnjɔ/.
  
===Transport===
+
==Grammar==
 +
===Morphology===
 +
<!-- How do the words in your language look? How do you derive words from others? Do you have cases? Are verbs inflected? Do nouns differ from adjectives? Do adjectives differ from verbs? Etc. -->
  
===Energy===
+
<!-- Here are some example subcategories:
  
===Science and technology===
+
Nouns
 +
Adjectives
 +
Verbs
 +
Adverbs
 +
Particles
 +
Derivational morphology
  
===Tourism===
+
-->
  
==Demographics==
+
===Syntax===
 +
Monyo has a strict word order in the following order: Subject-Direct Object-Verb/Adjective-Indirect Object-Modifiers. In order to indicate these parts of the sentence, particles are used. Different moods also used to change the particles. The table below was the former particle table. The (''italicized and parenthesized'') particles are no longer used since the year 2000. The '''bold''' particles are the modern version.
  
===Ethnic groups===
+
{| border="1" cellpadding="1" cellspacing="1" class="bluetable lightbluebg" style="width: 540px; text-align:center;"
There are two main ethnic groups in Yakormonyo, the Monyos and the Pekhahuas. Some Yaharans also live in Yaherbhoca, and (almost nonexistent) immigrants also live in Otofu and Peccy.
+
! style="width: 90px; "|
 
+
! style="width: 90px; " |Declarative
===Urbanisation===
+
! style="width: 90px; " |Interrogative
Otofu and Peccy the two urban districts, with Otofu being the center of tourism and Peccy being the center of commerce. The other nine districts are rural, and rely mostly on logging, fishing and agriculture.
+
! style="width: 90px; " |Imperative
 
+
! style="width: 90px; " |Propositive
===Language===
+
The majority of the population speaks [[Monyo]], while some people in the south speak the local dialect (?) Pekhan. Some people in Yaherbhoca also speak [[Yaharan]], and small minorities speak [[Ngutanese]] and [[Kavrinian]].
+
 
+
===Education===
+
 
+
===Healthcare===
+
 
+
===Religion===
+
 
+
==Culture==
+
 
+
===Heritage===
+
 
+
===Architecture===
+
 
+
===Literature===
+
Yakormonyo is most known for its 'Laws on Good Living' created by the philosopher Samehua Aphucke. In the official version, there are 10 laws, with 10 specific values:
+
{| class="wikitable"
+
 
|-
 
|-
! Law !! Value
+
! style="" |Indefinite Subject
 +
| je
 +
| (''ja'')
 +
| je
 +
| je
 
|-
 
|-
| Live justly. || Righteousness
+
! style="" |Definite Subject
 +
| ze
 +
| (''za'')
 +
| ze
 +
| ze
 
|-
 
|-
| Follow the rules. || Obedience
+
! style="" |Indefinite Direct Object
 +
| '''şe'''
 +
| (''aşi'')
 +
| '''şe'''
 +
| (''oşo'')
 
|-
 
|-
| Honor a promise. || Honesty
+
! style="" |Definite Direct Object
 +
| '''se'''
 +
| (''asi'')
 +
| '''se'''
 +
| (''oso'')
 
|-
 
|-
| Have courage. || Valor
+
! style="" |Verb
 +
| aje
 +
| aje
 +
| akor
 +
| aje
 
|-
 
|-
| Work hard. || Productivity
+
! style="" |Adjective
 +
| ajeso
 +
| ajeso
 +
| akorso
 +
| (''ajete'')
 
|-
 
|-
| Love thy nation. || Patriotism
+
! style="" |Indirect Object
 +
| (''ma'')
 +
| (''ama'')
 +
| mon
 +
| mon
 
|-
 
|-
| Hide victory. || Humility
+
! style="" |Modifiers
|-
+
| ńon
| Accept defeat. || Honor
+
| ńon
|-
+
| ńon
| Help those in need. || Mercy
+
| ńon
|-
+
| Be patient. || Patience
+
 
|}
 
|}
  
In the Pekhan and Sameji versions, there are only eight values, with some eliminated, most evidently Courage and Obedience, which the Samehuas and Pekhahuas denounce. But there is also a value which is not in the Official version because the Monyo government does not agree to it.
+
[[Category:Languages]][[Category:Yakormonyo]]
{| class="wikitable"
+
|-
+
! Law !! Value
+
|-
+
| Respect your neighbor. || Love
+
|}
+
 
+
===Art===
+
 
+
===Music===
+
 
+
===Theatre===
+
 
+
===Film===
+
 
+
===Cuisine===
+
 
+
===Sport===
+
 
+
===Symbols===
+
 
+
==See also==
+

Revision as of 08:19, 4 November 2018

Monyo
Mĕofat
Pronunciation/mɔnjɔɸätɔ/
EthnicityMonyos
Native speakers1,500,000 (estimate)  (no date)
Language family
  • Monyo
Early forms:
Old Monyo
  • Proto-Monyo
    • Proto-Lhochan
      • Monyo
DialectsSamejinon
Writing systemMonyo Script
Official status
Official language inYakormonyo
CWS codeEKM

Monyo is spoken as a native language throughout northern Yakormonyo. It has a very interesting writing system, where all letters are considered vowels. It is an analytical language, with a short, 'staccato'-like sound. It has one retroflex letter, which appears in the forms koL or xeL.

Background

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m (m) n (n) ń (ŋ)
Plosive p (p) t (t) k (k)
Fricative f (ɸ), v (β) s (s), z (z) ş (ʃ), j (ʒ), x (ç)1, y (ʝ)1 x (x), y (ɣ)
Approximant ŭ (w) l (ɻ)2 ĕ (j)
Flap r (ɾ)

1When before ɪ or ʊ̈

2Only seen in forms 'koL' and 'xeL'

Vowels

Frontal Central Back
Close e (ɪ) i (ʊ̈) u (ʊ)
Open a (ä) o (ɔ)

Phonotactics

Orthography

The Complete Monyo Alphabet in the official computer font.

Monyo uses a very strange abugida-like alphabet, which is surprisingly derived from Dulic. Most Monyos considering their script to be purely vowelic, where all letters are vowels. The vowels are then separated into true vowels and false vowels. The true vowels are the letters that are truly vowels. With the exceptions of e and u, these vowels stay vowels no matter where they are in a word. The false vowels are syllables that start with consonants. Before, the script was a purely phonetic one, but it slowly became alphasyllabic (except in Vomen). Other syllables are made by affixing a true vowel, which replaces the syllable's nucleus and coda. But if <e> or <u> is followed by another true vowel, it becomes /j/ or /w/ respectively, and is treated like a false vowel, so even if another false vowel precedes it, the false vowel doesn't connect to the true vowels; it stays a syllable. A good example of this is the word <meo>, land, which is pronounced /mɔnjɔ/.

Grammar

Morphology

Syntax

Monyo has a strict word order in the following order: Subject-Direct Object-Verb/Adjective-Indirect Object-Modifiers. In order to indicate these parts of the sentence, particles are used. Different moods also used to change the particles. The table below was the former particle table. The (italicized and parenthesized) particles are no longer used since the year 2000. The bold particles are the modern version.

Declarative Interrogative Imperative Propositive
Indefinite Subject je (ja) je je
Definite Subject ze (za) ze ze
Indefinite Direct Object şe (aşi) şe (oşo)
Definite Direct Object se (asi) se (oso)
Verb aje aje akor aje
Adjective ajeso ajeso akorso (ajete)
Indirect Object (ma) (ama) mon mon
Modifiers ńon ńon ńon ńon