Difference between revisions of "Nashaghan language"

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{{Use dmy dates|date=May 2016}}
 
{{Infobox language
 
{{Infobox language
|name         = Nashaghan
+
| name             = Nashaghan
|altname       = Nâshağan
+
| nativename       = {{cs|DAD|. Nashağan .}}  
|nativename    = {{cs|DAD|. Nashağan .}}  
+
| altname          = Nâshağan
|pronunciation = [nɒʃæʁän]
+
| image            =  
|states (state) = [[Komania]]
+
| image_size      = 150px
|region        = Vaniua
+
|ethnicity =  
|era=13th–18th centuries
+
| imagecaption    =  
|latd  = | latm  = | latNS  = <!-- latitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
+
| states          =
|longd = | longm = | longEW =  <!-- longitude degrees/minutes/direction -->
+
| region          =  
|ethnicity    =  
+
| speakers        = ~55 million
|speakers2     = Evolved into modern [[Koman dialects]]
+
| date            = 2001 census – 2015
|date          = 2015-2017
+
| speakers2       =  
|familycolor   = vaniuan
+
| familycolor     = Vaniuan
|fam1          = [[Vaniuan]]
+
| fam1          = [[Vaniuan]]
|fam2          = [[Eastern Vaniuan]]
+
| fam2          = [[Eastern Vaniuan]]
|fam3          = [[Kalkalic]]
+
| fam3          = [[Kalkalic]]
|fam4         =  
+
| fam4             =  
 
|ancestor    =  Proto-Vaniuan
 
|ancestor    =  Proto-Vaniuan
 
|ancestor2      =  Proto-Eastern Vaniuan
 
|ancestor2      =  Proto-Eastern Vaniuan
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|ancestor4          = Middle Koman
 
|ancestor4          = Middle Koman
 
|ancestor5          =  
 
|ancestor5          =  
|posteriori    = no
+
| stand1          = [[Standard Koman | Hazarva]]
|dia1         =
+
| stand2          =
|dialects      = Western · Central · Eastern
+
| dia1             = [[Torosh dialect]]
|script       = Various scripts
+
| dia2            = [[Koman#Dialects|Koman dialects]]
|nation       =  
+
| script           = [[Vaniuan alphabet|Vaniuan]]<br />[[Najagh script]] ([[Komani alphabet]])<br />
|agency       =
+
| sign            =  
|iso3          =  
+
| nation           = {{flag|Komania}} <br /> <small> (as [[Standard Koman|Hazarva]], various dialects) </small> <br /> {{flag|Balakia}} <br /> <small> (as [[Toroshghani]]) </small><br/>{{flag|Gushlia}}<br/> <small> (as [[Marahi]], various dialects) </small> <br/>{{flag|Zinsha-Vogia}}<br/> <small> (as [[Nehir]], various dialects) </small>
|image        =  
+
| agency           = [[Koman National Agency]] (Hazarva, Komania);<br />[[?]] (Toroshghani, Balakia); <br />[[?]] (Mahari, Gushlia)
|imagesize    =  
+
| iso1            =  
|imagealt      =  
+
| iso2            =  
|imagecaption  =  
+
| lc1              =  
|imageheader  =  
+
| lc2              =  
|map           = Nashaghan extension 1620.png
+
| lingua          =  
 +
| glotto          =  
 +
| glottorefname    = Nashaghani
 +
| map             = Nashaghan extension 1620.png
 
|mapsize      = 200px
 
|mapsize      = 200px
|mapalt        =
+
| mapcaption       = {{center|Sprachraum of the Nashaghan language throughout the [[Great Horde]]}} {{Legend|#00be25|Western dialect}} {{Legend|#00841a|Central dialect}} {{Legend|#006413|Eastern dialect}}
|mapcaption   = {{center|Sprachraum of the Nashaghan language throughout the [[Great Horde]]}} {{Legend|#00be25|Western dialect}} {{Legend|#00841a|Central dialect}} {{Legend|#006413|Eastern dialect}}
+
| map2            =
 +
| mapcaption2      =
 +
| notice          = IPA
 
}}
 
}}
 +
 +
 +
==History==
 +
==Names==
 +
==Literature==
 +
==Official status==
 +
==Phonology==
 +
==Grammar==
 +
==Vocabulary==
 +
==Writing system==
 +
==Sample text==
 +
==See also==
  
 
{|border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="4" class="wikitable"
 
{|border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="4" class="wikitable"
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|-
 
|-
 
! [[Koman language|Modern Koman]]
 
! [[Koman language|Modern Koman]]
| wo<br /> <small>[βo]</small> || boh<br /> <small>[βoh]</small> || házar / haz<br /> <small>[hɒʷzɒr]</small>  || mâşe<br /> <small>[mɒːʂe̞]</small> || şa<br /> <small>[ʂɒ]</small> || bâhḍ<br /> <small>[βɒːð]</small> || nîn / nîm<br /> <small>[nʲin]</small> || mêza<br /> <small>[mʲe̞zä]</small> || təṣe / dəşe<br /> <small>[təθe]</small> || şâẓa / şâda<br /> <small>[ʂɒːðä]</small> || şêḍan<br /> <small>[ʂəːðän]</small> || wárəm<br /> <small>[βäʷrəm]</small>
+
| wo<br /> <small>[βo]</small> || boh<br /> <small>[βoh]</small> || házar / haz<br /> <small>[hɒʷzɒr]</small>  || mâşe<br /> <small>[mɒːʂe̞]</small> || şa<br /> <small>[ʂɒ]</small> || bâhḍ<br /> <small>[βɒːð]</small> || nîn / nîm<br /> <small>[nʲin]</small> || mêza<br /> <small>[mʲe̞zä]</small> || təse / dəşe<br /> <small>[təse]</small> || şâza / şâda<br /> <small>[ʂɒːzä]</small> || şêzan<br /> <small>[ʂəːzän]</small> || wárəm<br /> <small>[βäʷrəm]</small>
 
|-
 
|-
 
! [[Balak language|Balak]]
 
! [[Balak language|Balak]]
 
| vu / vuğas<br /> <small>[vʊ] / [vʊɣɑs]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || yar<br /> <small>[jɑɾ]</small>  || báş<br /> <small>[baʃ]</small> || son<br /> <small>[sɔn]</small> || vud<br /> <small>[vʊd]</small> || ném<br /> <small>[nem]</small> || bezá<br /> <small>[bɛza]</small> || tes<br /> <small>[tɛs]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || virem<br /> <small>[vɪɾɛm]</small>
 
| vu / vuğas<br /> <small>[vʊ] / [vʊɣɑs]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || yar<br /> <small>[jɑɾ]</small>  || báş<br /> <small>[baʃ]</small> || son<br /> <small>[sɔn]</small> || vud<br /> <small>[vʊd]</small> || ném<br /> <small>[nem]</small> || bezá<br /> <small>[bɛza]</small> || tes<br /> <small>[tɛs]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || virem<br /> <small>[vɪɾɛm]</small>
 +
|-
 +
! [[Kaatian language|West Kaatian]]
 +
| vu / vukat<br /> <small>[βu] / [βukʌt]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || hanayü<br /> <small>[xʌnʌjɯ]</small>  || baje<br /> <small>[bʌʤɛ]</small> || soŋ<br /> <small>[sɔŋ]</small> || put<br /> <small>[put]</small> || nèm<br /> <small>[nem]</small> || béca<br /> <small>[bɛ́ʧa]</small> || tüt<br /> <small>[tɯt]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || vüyim<br /> <small>[βɯjim]</small>
 
|-
 
|-
 
! [[Vucheshian language|Vucheshian]]
 
! [[Vucheshian language|Vucheshian]]
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! [[Shohuanese language|Shohuanese]]
 
! [[Shohuanese language|Shohuanese]]
 
| jiv<br /> <small>[dʒiv]</small> || þanmaiv<br /> <small>[θænmæiv]</small> || malu<br /> <small>[mælu]</small>  || uvanjîv<br /> <small>[uvænʒjɨv]</small> || ag<br /> <small>[æg]</small> || gossoiv<br /> <small>[go̞sso̞iv]</small> || jig<br /> <small>[dʒig]</small> || vdezd<br /> <small>[vdɘzd]</small> || qunnîv<br /> <small>[ʁunnjɨv]</small> || cai<br /> <small>[ʃæi]</small> || dzi<br /> <small>[dzi]</small> || ûvar<br /> <small>[juvær]</small>
 
| jiv<br /> <small>[dʒiv]</small> || þanmaiv<br /> <small>[θænmæiv]</small> || malu<br /> <small>[mælu]</small>  || uvanjîv<br /> <small>[uvænʒjɨv]</small> || ag<br /> <small>[æg]</small> || gossoiv<br /> <small>[go̞sso̞iv]</small> || jig<br /> <small>[dʒig]</small> || vdezd<br /> <small>[vdɘzd]</small> || qunnîv<br /> <small>[ʁunnjɨv]</small> || cai<br /> <small>[ʃæi]</small> || dzi<br /> <small>[dzi]</small> || ûvar<br /> <small>[juvær]</small>
|-
 
! [[Kaatian language|West Kaatian]]
 
| -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small>  || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small> || -<br /> <small>[]</small>
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|}
 
|}

Latest revision as of 08:32, 2 November 2018

Nashaghan
Nâshağan
. Nashağan .
Native speakers ~55 million  (2001 census – 2015)
Language family
Early forms:
Proto-Vaniuan
  • Proto-Eastern Vaniuan
    • Kalkali (Tamiric)
      • Middle Koman
        • Nashaghan
Standard forms
Dialects
Writing system Vaniuan
Najagh script (Komani alphabet)
Official status
Official language in  Komania
(as Hazarva, various dialects)
 Balakia
(as Toroshghani)
 Gushlia
(as Marahi, various dialects)
 Zinsha-Vogia
(as Nehir, various dialects)
Regulated by Koman National Agency (Hazarva, Komania);
? (Toroshghani, Balakia);
? (Mahari, Gushlia)
CWS code
Nashaghan extension 1620.png
Sprachraum of the Nashaghan language throughout the Great Horde
  Western dialect
  Central dialect
  Eastern dialect


History

Names

Literature

Official status

Phonology

Grammar

Vocabulary

Writing system

Sample text

See also

Comparison and Translation of the main varieties and other languages
English fire month new mother sister night nose three red yellow green horse
Western Nashaghan wo
[wo]
boh
[woh]
hajar / haj
[hɒdʒɒr]
mâshæ
[mɒːʃæ]
shan
[ʃɒ]
bôhd
[βoːð]
nîn / nîm
[nʲin]
mêza
[mʲæsä]
dəsh
[dəʃ]
shâda
[ʃɒːðä]
shêdan
[ʃəːðän]
wurəm
[wurəm]
Central Nashaghan wo
[wo]
bôh
[wuː]
hajar / haj
[hɒdʒɒr]
mâshæ
[mɒːʃɛ]
san
[sɒ]
bôhd
[βuːð]
nem
[nem]
mæza
[mæzä]
təz
[təz]
shaza
[ʃɒzä]
shəzan
[ʃəːzän]
wurəm
[wurəm]
Eastern Nashaghan wu
[wu]
bôh
[wuː]
hajj
[hɑdz]
mâshe
[mɑːʃe]
shan
[ʃɑ]
bôhd
[wuːð]
nem
[nem]
meza
[mezä]
təshe / dəshe
[tɯʃe]
shâda
[ʃɑːðä]
shêdan
[ʃɯːðän]
wurəm
[wurɯm]
Modern Koman wo
[βo]
boh
[βoh]
házar / haz
[hɒʷzɒr]
mâşe
[mɒːʂe̞]
şa
[ʂɒ]
bâhḍ
[βɒːð]
nîn / nîm
[nʲin]
mêza
[mʲe̞zä]
təse / dəşe
[təse]
şâza / şâda
[ʂɒːzä]
şêzan
[ʂəːzän]
wárəm
[βäʷrəm]
Balak vu / vuğas
[vʊ] / [vʊɣɑs]
-
[]
yar
[jɑɾ]
báş
[baʃ]
son
[sɔn]
vud
[vʊd]
ném
[nem]
bezá
[bɛza]
tes
[tɛs]
-
[]
-
[]
virem
[vɪɾɛm]
West Kaatian vu / vukat
[βu] / [βukʌt]
-
[]
hanayü
[xʌnʌjɯ]
baje
[bʌʤɛ]
soŋ
[sɔŋ]
put
[put]
nèm
[nem]
béca
[bɛ́ʧa]
tüt
[tɯt]
-
[]
-
[]
vüyim
[βɯjim]
Vucheshian vo
[βɔ]
fağâ
[ɸɑʁʌ̽]
-
[]
maye
[mɑjɛ]
-
[]
-
[]
-
[]
-
[]
tısı
[tɯ̽sɯ̽]
-
[]
-
[]
vuli
[βʊlɪ]
Northern Vucheshian
[vɒː]
fağā
[fɒɰɒː]
-
[]
mane
[mɒnə]
-
[]
-
[]
-
[]
-
[]
tiṣi
[tisi]
-
[]
-
[]
vuyēm
[vʉʝəːm]
Shohuanese jiv
[dʒiv]
þanmaiv
[θænmæiv]
malu
[mælu]
uvanjîv
[uvænʒjɨv]
ag
[æg]
gossoiv
[go̞sso̞iv]
jig
[dʒig]
vdezd
[vdɘzd]
qunnîv
[ʁunnjɨv]
cai
[ʃæi]
dzi
[dzi]
ûvar
[juvær]