Qgam

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Democratic Republic of Qgam
鄭民主人権国

Qgam Im Yea Iĝ Kem Ca
Flag
Flag emblem
Motto: La ay yim gwo hway sro noĝ.
"From internal harmony comes external power."
CapitalHwam Deaĝ Ruom
Official languages Qgam Dzwo
Recognised regional languages Haneran
Ethnic groups Qgam, Nuar, Chalyl
Demonym Qgamic
Government de facto one-party state
 -  prime minister Šaaĝ Khwor
Legislature Wam Ļeay
Establishment
 -  Founding of Kingdom of Qgam (date disputed) c. 200 BCE 
 -  Founding of New Qgamic Kingdom 7 Sept 1660 CE 
 -  Qgamic Revolution 2 Nov 1930 
Population
 -  estimate 5,200,000
GDP (nominal) estimate
 -  Total 84.1 billion
 -  Per capita 16,495
Currency Qgamic ĝyem (QGY)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd
Drives on the right
Calling code +74

Qgam, also known as the (Great) Nation of Qgam (English: /gæm/, Qgam Dzwo 鄭大國 Qgam Ghluo /əʔgʌm gxlʊə/), officially The Democratic Republic of Qgam, is a country located in Western Miraria. It is a de facto one-party state lead by the Qgamic National Party (鄭國党), which has not faced opposition in over 60 years. The majority of the population is concentrated in the northwest.

Etymology

The name Qgam refers to the ethnic group that has inhabited the region for thousands of years; its etymology is ultimately unknown. With the formation of the Qgamic Kingdom (鄭帝國, the name began to be associated with both the nation and ethnic group. After the kingdom was overthrown and the modern government established, the country was renamed to Qgam Ghluo, literally "Great Nation of Qgam". The official name, 鄭民主人権国 Qgam Im Yea Iĝ Kem Ca was adopted by the Qgamic National Party soon after its rise to power, though the everyday name for the country remains Qgam Ghluo.

History

Ethnic Qgams were first identified as a distinct group sometime around 100 BCE, when they first appear in Qonklese records, though Qgamic tradition suggests they appeared 100 or so years earlier. The earliest Qgam settlements are located in the northernmost portions of Soltenna, along the southern coast of the Gelög Sea.

In the common era, the Qgams grew in number and influence, eventually beginning to expand and displace the ethnic Nuars to the south. The Old Qgamic Kingdom underwent numerous dynastic changes over the centuries, until the final Nuar kingdom was conquered in 978, at which point the Dzea dynasty continued until 1657, when the last Dzea king, Ba To, was assassinated. A New Qgamic Kingdom was founded by King Nem Gear of the clan Htaa, and this single royal line continued until the last king, Pçer Cgwaaw, abdicates in 1930.

After 1930, The Republic of Qgam, a modern democratic nation, was established, but the government was highly flawed and quickly power was quickly abused by the ruling Qgam Republican party, resulting in riots and civil unrest. A new party, the Qgamic National Party, was formed, and quickly amassed sweeping public popularity. The QNP wins the 1954 election, and begins passing various laws to cement its power.

The QNP promotes nationalism and Qgamic cultural superiority, and increases spending for the military and police, and maintains health and educational programs as a measure to prevent the type of civil unrest that toppled the Republican government. The QNP extends its influence into Qgamic corporations and media outlets.

Geography

Geology

Climate

The majority of Qgam is a humid continental climate with warm summers and cold winters, while the northern provinces are mostly a subartic climate, with cold summers and harsh winters. Small portions of the northern coast, including the location of the capital Hwam Deaĝ Ruom, are of a subpolar oceanic climate. The northern regions have the highest precipitation and greatest snow cover in winter, while the regions east of the Ikrem Mountains are in a rain shadow and receive slightly less precipitation. The southern climate is ideal for the farming of spring grains.

The northern coastal regions have a climate that is exceptionally mild, with higher rainfall and lower yearly variation in temperature. Conversely, the regions surrounding the Ikrem Mountains have great variation between summer and winter temperatures.

Climate data for Hwam Deaĝ Ruom (Gpšo Khear Ļaaw International Airport) (1935-2015)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 7.9
(46.2)
8.7
(47.7)
10.4
(50.7)
13.9
(57)
14.9
(58.8)
15.7
(60.3)
15.1
(59.2)
16.3
(61.3)
15.2
(59.4)
11.7
(53.1)
10.2
(50.4)
9.7
(49.5)
16.3
(61.3)
Average high °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
5.4
(41.7)
6.9
(44.4)
8.8
(47.8)
10.7
(51.3)
12.3
(54.1)
13.6
(56.5)
13.6
(56.5)
11.9
(53.4)
9.5
(49.1)
6.9
(44.4)
5.2
(41.4)
9.13
(48.43)
Daily mean °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
3
(37)
4.2
(39.6)
5.9
(42.6)
7.8
(46)
9.5
(49.1)
10.8
(51.4)
10.8
(51.4)
9.2
(48.6)
7
(45)
4.6
(40.3)
2.9
(37.2)
6.53
(43.74)
Average low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.6
(33.1)
1.5
(34.7)
3
(37)
4.9
(40.8)
6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
7.9
(46.2)
6.4
(43.5)
4.4
(39.9)
2.3
(36.1)
0.6
(33.1)
3.87
(38.92)
Record low °C (°F) −7.7
(18.1)
−7.7
(18.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−4.9
(23.2)
−2
(28)
−0.3
(31.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
−4.3
(24.3)
−5.9
(21.4)
−7.5
(18.5)
−7.7
(18.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 157.7
(6.209)
115.2
(4.535)
131.6
(5.181)
89.5
(3.524)
63.3
(2.492)
57.5
(2.264)
74.3
(2.925)
96.0
(3.78)
119.5
(4.705)
147.4
(5.803)
139.3
(5.484)
135.3
(5.327)
1,326.6
(52.229)
[citation needed]
Climate data for Dem (Dem City Hall) (1935-2015)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.8
(53.2)
13.4
(56.1)
19.2
(66.6)
28.2
(82.8)
31.0
(87.8)
33.7
(92.7)
36.0
(96.8)
36.2
(97.2)
31.7
(89.1)
24.2
(75.6)
18.4
(65.1)
14.3
(57.7)
36.2
(97.2)
Average high °C (°F) 0.2
(32.4)
0.9
(33.6)
4.8
(40.6)
11.7
(53.1)
17.7
(63.9)
21.2
(70.2)
24.1
(75.4)
23.9
(75)
18.9
(66)
12.9
(55.2)
6.4
(43.5)
1.8
(35.2)
12.04
(53.68)
Daily mean °C (°F) −2.4
(27.7)
−1.9
(28.6)
1.6
(34.9)
7.4
(45.3)
12.9
(55.2)
16.6
(61.9)
19.7
(67.5)
19.6
(67.3)
15.0
(59)
9.4
(48.9)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.7
(30.7)
8.41
(47.14)
Average low °C (°F) −5
(23)
−4.7
(23.5)
−1.7
(28.9)
3.1
(37.6)
8.1
(46.6)
12
(54)
15.2
(59.4)
15.3
(59.5)
11
(52)
5.9
(42.6)
1
(34)
−3.1
(26.4)
4.76
(40.63)
Record low °C (°F) −29.9
(−21.8)
−28.7
(−19.7)
−16.9
(1.6)
−14.5
(5.9)
−4.6
(23.7)
0.6
(33.1)
4.7
(40.5)
−3.4
(25.9)
−2
(28)
−7.7
(18.1)
−16.8
(1.8)
−24
(−11)
−29.9
(−21.8)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 59.9
(2.358)
49.0
(1.929)
45.9
(1.807)
39.9
(1.571)
47.0
(1.85)
56.9
(2.24)
73
(2.87)
82.3
(3.24)
77.7
(3.059)
63.2
(2.488)
62.7
(2.469)
63.6
(2.504)
721.1
(28.385)
[citation needed]
Climate data for Dzar (Dzar Environmental Center) (1935-2015)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 4.8
(40.6)
6
(43)
15.1
(59.2)
19.2
(66.6)
28.7
(83.7)
32.7
(90.9)
33.0
(91.4)
30.8
(87.4)
24.6
(76.3)
18.5
(65.3)
12.2
(54)
6.8
(44.2)
33
(91.4)
Average high °C (°F) −6.2
(20.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
3.3
(37.9)
8.6
(47.5)
12.1
(53.8)
14.4
(57.9)
13.3
(55.9)
9.7
(49.5)
4.5
(40.1)
−0.1
(31.8)
−4
(25)
4.09
(39.38)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.7
(14.5)
−9.0
(15.8)
−5.2
(22.6)
−0.1
(31.8)
4.9
(40.8)
8.5
(47.3)
10.8
(51.4)
10.0
(50)
6.7
(44.1)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
−7
(19)
0.8
(33.4)
Average low °C (°F) −13.1
(8.4)
−12.7
(9.1)
−9.1
(15.6)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.1
(34)
4.8
(40.6)
7.2
(45)
6.6
(43.9)
3.7
(38.7)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−9.9
(14.2)
−2.49
(27.52)
Record low °C (°F) −48.1
(−54.6)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−40.9
(−41.6)
−31.0
(−23.8)
−17.8
(0)
−6.0
(21.2)
0.5
(32.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
−9.5
(14.9)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−35.9
(−32.6)
−43.0
(−45.4)
−48.1
(−54.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 32.3
(1.272)
29.5
(1.161)
32.1
(1.264)
32.4
(1.276)
38.9
(1.531)
46.2
(1.819)
57.6
(2.268)
57.3
(2.256)
62.8
(2.472)
50.2
(1.976)
45.8
(1.803)
38.8
(1.528)
523.9
(20.626)
[citation needed]

Biodiversity

Politics

Government

Ostensibly, the Qgam government is democratically elected, but in reality it is a state capitalist, single-party state run by the Qgamic National Party, which has faced no opposition since its election to power in 1954. The government exhibits a high degree of control and influence over numerous business enterprises.

Administrative divisions

Qgam is divided into seven provinces, which are each further subdivided into counties. The seven provinces are as follows:

Largest Cities

Foreign relations

Qgam is a member of the Soltennan Council, allowing free trade among member states. Qgam and Chalyl have an expedited border crossing agreement, allowing citizens of both nations to cross the border without passports (However, as of September of 2017, the passport-free, visa-free period is limited to three-day periods for Qgamic citizens).

Other than Chalyl, at minimum a passport is required to enter Qgam.

Military

Qgam maintains its security and sovereignty with the Qgamic Armed Forces, which comprise three service branches: the Qgamic Ground Forces, The Qgamic Navy, and the Qgamic Air Force. Collectively, they maintain approximately 421,000 active personnel, with an additional 800,000 reserve and paramilitary personel, totalling approximately 1,221,000 personnel. All able-bodied men undergo one year of compulsory military service at age 18.

Economy

Transport

The main method of transportation between cities and towns is road. However, the major settlements are connected via a rail network operated by the Qgamic National Railway Corporation. Qgam is also served by MARG, with stops in Hwam Deaĝ Ruom, Ham Year, and Dem.

Energy

Science and technology

In recent years, Qgam has been making advances in natural sciences, especially Earth science (Sahar science?), and the government has been investing in environmental research and conservation.

Tourism

Qgam has vast expanses of forests and plains, as well as gentle mountains, making it an ideal destination for nature lovers. The Çobiy Sow Ice Festival held in January of every year brings in numerous international tourists, particularly from Chalyl and Herdek.

Tourism suffers somewhat from negative impressions of the government and concerns about personal safety, but over the past several years, Qgam has been promoting touristm via television advertisements in various other countries.

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Approximately 61% of Qgam's population comprises ethnic Qgams. The next largest group are the Nuar, who comprise approximately 35% of the population. The remaining 4% comprises immigrants of various other ethnicities, mainly Chalylers and Herdekians.

The Nuar population is concentrated primarily in the southern half of the country, particularly in Twam Kheaw. The Nuar formerly spoke a distinct and unrelated language, but this fell out of use around 1500 CE.

Relations between ethnic Qgams and ethnic Nuar have improved over the centuries, but discrimination against Nuar remains. The government proclaims that there is no racial discrimination in Qgam, but many Nuar feel as though they are treated almost as second-class citizens, holding few positions in the military and national government, receiving no state funding for Dem University, and living in a nation whose constitution defines Qgam as the "national state of the Qgamic People". In the mostly-Nuar populated Twam Kheaw province, reverse discrimination may occur against ethnic Qgams.

Ethnic tensions between Qgams and Nuar have occcasionally let to civil unrest, including both peaceful and violent incidents.

Other minorities, such as Chalylers and Herdekians, are even less highly regarded, and have essentially no representation, locally or otherwise.

Urbanisation

Though the region surrounding Hwam Deaĝ Ruom has undergone some, the vast majority of Qgam remains rural, comprising both farmland and mostly undeveloped forest and grasslands.

Language

The only official language in Qgam is Qgam Dzwo, which enjoys official status only in Qgam. Haneran is spoken to a limited extent in the border regions of Chalyl, but 100% of the population is competent in Qgam Dzwo.

Qgam Dzwo itself is divided into a number of mutually-intelligible dialects, though Standard Qgam is that spoken in Hwam Deaĝ Ruom.

Education

Healthcare

Religion

The officially sanctioned state religion is Skeanism, an animistic religion that shares many similarities with the Ngeyv religion to the north. It incorporates aspects of ancestor veneration and shamanism and emphasizes a oneness of body and soul.

The vast majority of the population identifies as Skeanist; however, most citizens are not devout followers, instead treating the religion as more of a cultural tradition.

Though there are no legal restrictions on religion, societal pressure makes it difficult for other religions to flourish outside of immigrant populations, which are extremely low overall.

Culture

Heritage

Architecture

Literature

Art

Music

Theatre

Film

Cuisine

The primary staples in Qgamic cuisine are wheat-based foods, such as bread, noodles and semolina patties and dumplings, and cattle-based foods, such as beef and various dairy products. Milk is consumed frequently and instances of lactose intolerance are low.

Popular foods:

  • gaa gwaĝ barbecue
  • ruo mtaĝ semolina dumpling
  • kļow yaam wheat porridge
  • dziw noodles
  • hoĝ mildly alcoholic fermented milk drink

Sport

Symbols

See also