The word səkham has been historically used as a common designation for all kinds of currencies, often translated as "coin" or "money", the səkham was commonly used in the Great Horde along other forms of currency until the 15th century, where it became officially the only form of money used throughout the empire. The word comes from the diminutive of kham meaning "ten", the number base historically used for this currency.
The Sekham was originally produced in form of coins from the 9th century onwards during the rise of the semi-nomadic Kalkali state. Traditionally, the earliest coins had the characteristic of being thin, often with a sided hole to make their handling easier. A more formal and regulated form of the səkham appeared with the establishment of the Great Horde where it came in many variants, often produced in gold and iron and rarely in bronze. The Sekham has been historically mass-produced using the number base 10 (hence "ten" in its etymology) but has through time varied in value, today it is produced exclusively in the base of 10, 50 and 100.
The word səkham began to be applied both for paper money and coins during the 18th century, shortly after the fall of the Great Horde.