Difference between revisions of "Sroyos"
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Revision as of 03:13, 12 June 2019
|Tanhunði Republic of Sroyos
Internal map of Sroyos
|Largest city||Some coastal city somewhere|
|Official languages||Sroyosian Hemeshi, Sroyosian Norjihani|
|-||Prime Minister||Namey McNameson|
|-||Lower house||House of the Sroyosian People|
63,094 sq mi
|Time zone||Eastern Hemeshi Time (SCT+0)|
|Drives on the||left|
Sroyos (Sroyosian Hemeshi: Soyoz , IPA: /ˈʂo.jos/, Norjihani: Skojos /ʃo:.jos/), officially the Tanhunði Republic of Sroyos, is a country located in Hemesh. It borders the Algazi Union and Argeyaz Bay to the north, Orzun and the Kingdom of Hemesh to the west and the Gulf of Ishenar to the south and east. The government is based in the city of Tafsaj, shared with Orzun, although there have been calls to move it to Some coastal city somewhere. The country is the only majority Gennist country outside of South Baredina (non-Baredan or otherwise) due to its history and links to Norjihan and Istan.
The Sroyosian political system consists of two main bodies, the Dioðolearom ("Wisdom of the Faith", a reference to the religious oaths made and the body's origins in the religious heirarchy) and the Poslearom (literally meaning "Wisdom of the Many"), in what is the only existing national-level government in Sahar to fully follow the Sareddan model, proposed by political scientist Huras Sareddan in the 1940s and also carried out to a limited extent in Istan and in several regions of Norjihan.
The Dioðolearom is the main legislative body, filled by a mixture of FPTP election to 51 "district seats" and 50 representatives chosen by proportional representation. The Dioðolearom proposes most legislation, and is indeed the only body who can propose legislation on financial and defence issues. It also exists to provide advice to the Poslearom, with a series of committees made up of members of the Dioðolearom regularly providing reports first to the wider Dioðolearom to approve and then to the Poslearom. The Dioðolearom also retains a veto on religious issues, reflecting its origins as the religious council to the government. A member of the Poslearom must be present for any meeting of the Dioðolearom to be official and binding. The leader of the largest party of the Dioðolearom takes the informal but powerful position of Prime Minister, and he and his cabinet are important in influencing debate.
The Poslearom is a body whose purpose is to represent the people, and to this effect it is filled by sortition from all adult citizens who follow Tanhunga and haven't been found guilty of a criminal offence. Sortition involves randomly selecting people from the population. This is a technique derived from Ancient Baredan practices; there is evidence that the Proto-Baredan peoples used sortition in order to select an advisory body for their local rulers. The purpose of sortition in this system is to reduce factionalism and give the greatest chance of all people being able to be involved in the political process, and the Poslearom officially exists to provide the people's voice. The Poslearom can propose legislation on all but financial and defence issues, and ultimately must ratify any legislation proposed by the Dioðolearom. The Poslearom can choose to dissolve the Dioðolearom and call fresh elections if it finds the current body "in contempt of the people", but this has not yet occurred. The people chosen for service in the Poslearom sit for a year, with the chairmanship - and thus technically the role of Head of State - rotating around the 250 members of the body, such that all get to hold the position.
The KNC (Kuulist National Congress), GUS (Gennist Union of Sroyos) and Liberal Democrats were until recently considered the three main parties in Sroyosi politics, collectively called the "Old Guard". However, recently several new parties have emerged such as Sroyos Unchained and the SPP-UBP coalition (comprised of the Sroyosian People's Party and the Union of Balkist Parties).
The KNC are currently the largest party in government, having 27 of the 51 district seats despite only commanding 33% of the vote (although they are still the largest party by percentage). They are also the largest party by membership, with some 100,000 estimated members. The KNC has commanded a majority in the Dioðolearom since the beginning of democratic politics in Sroyos in (insert year here), but its support over time has been decreasing, eapecially in more rural areas where they have been challenged by both the GUS and the SPP-UBP coalition. The party lost full control of Tafsaj for the first time in elections held in 2017. The party was traditionally Kuulist with the caveat of its support for the Tanhungara, but nowadays is considered to be "Democratic Kuulist" under the influence of the KFN (Kuulist Front of Norjihan); despite this it maintains good relations with more hardline groups such as Liberty (an Istani Kuulist pressure group) and the Syorankan Kuulist Party.
The GUS is a sister party of the Norjihani Gennist Union and is officially linked to the Sroyosi Tanhungara. As such, even without parliamentary control (they currently have 11 seats), the GUS has a major influence on policy in both houses of government. They are considered socially conservative, although many Gennist ideals would be considered liberal in other countries. Despite having many extreme proposals, including banning non-Gennists from all public offices, as Norjihan currently does, the party has gained support amongst more affluent voters in recent years. They are economically centrist.
The Liberal Democrats were formerly the third largest party in Sroyos and remain the third largest by seats with 6, but in recent years their support has declined massively, partly due to their links with the Norjihani Liberal party and partly due to a number of domestic scandals including allegations of vote rigging, bribery and 'indecenet or perverse acts' committed by the senior leadership. The party is economically the most right wing in Sroyos, calling for a Cermani style 'liberalisation' of Sroyos. They also oppose the religious restrictions that exist, and refuse to acknowledge the title of the Tanhungði Republic; they have instead called for a complete secularisation of government.
Sroyos Unchained is one of the newer parties, founded by a group of academics and former Liberal Democrats in 2011. It has only contested one election (the 2015 election) in which it became the third largest party by percentage of votes but was only the fourth largest by parliamentary seats with 5. The party has called for a liberalisation of the economy but in far less extreme terms than the Liberal Democrats, as detailed in their book "How To Break Our Chains", the text on whih the party's ideology is based. It also promotes a somewhat more forward foreign policy, especially in regard to Hemeshi affairs.
The SPP-UBP coalition is a group of left-wing groups, mostly Balkists and Kuulists unaffiliated with the KNC, who campaign and stand under a joint ticket. The coalition currently has 2 seats, thus forming the smallest parliamentary group, despite being the fourth largest by votes with 11% of the popular vote in the 2015 election. As the KNC has in recent years become a more Democratic Kuulist Party, the SPP-UBP has tried to position itself as the main left-wing alternative. It also opposes religious restrictions although they have stopped shy of demanding secularisation. They are also well-known for being environmentalist.
There are a selection of other parties, mostly single issue and local parties which do well in local elections but struggle to break through at the national level. These groups include 'Iovist Rights Matter', 'Unity' and 'The Right'.