Difference between revisions of "Teru Language"

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Teru is the main language of the Teru people in the nation of Teru, in Lahan. It has approximately XXX speakers
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Teru is the main language of the Teru people in the nation of [[Teru]], in Lahan. It has approximately XXX speakers
  
 
==Classification==
 
==Classification==

Revision as of 15:31, 30 October 2019

Teru
Theru
Language family
Lahiri
  • Proto-Lahiri
    • Insular Lahiri
      • Proto-East Insular
        • Piyiga
          • Old Teru
            • Teru
CWS code

Teru is the main language of the Teru people in the nation of Teru, in Lahan. It has approximately XXX speakers

Classification

History

Phonology

Phonemes

Consonants Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Labio-velar Velar Glottal
Nasal m m: n n: [ŋ]1 [ŋ:]2
Plosive p p: pʰ b b: bʰ t t: tʰ d d: dʰ k k: kʰ g g: gʰ Ɂ
Fricative x x: h h:
Affricate t͡s
Approximant ɹ ɹ: j j: ʍ ʍ: w w:

(1) Allophone of /n/ before /g(ʰ)/, /k(ʰ)/

(2) Allophone of /n/ before /g(ʰ)/, /k(ʰ)/

Vowels Front Back
Close i i: i:: y y: u u:
Close-mid e e: ø ø:
Near-open æ æ:
Diphthongs øɪ

Orthography

Teru is written in the XXX script, but can be romanised as below

Phonotactics

Morphology and syntax

Nouns

Animacy

Nouns in Teru fit within an animacy hierarchy, which affects the way they decline and the way the fit into the sentence. This hierarchy has 13 points and is as follows:

  1. Religious
  2. Sentient creatures
  3. Large Animals
  4. Small Animals
  5. Modern Technology
  6. Liquids
  7. Fruit-bearing Plants
  8. Large Plants
  9. Small Plants
  10. Constructed Inanimates
  11. Inanimates
  12. Diseases, Insects, etc.
  13. Ideas and Concepts

A noun with a higher animacy comes earlier in the sentence.

Numbers

decline to three numbers: singular, paucal and plural.

Vocabulary

The Teru vocabulary is mostly derived from Proto-Lahiri and its daughters, with loans also from the other Insular Lahiri languages, Jutean and various other languages.

Writing and literature