Teru Language

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Language family
  • Proto-Lahiri
    • Insular Lahiri
      • Proto-East Insular
        • Piyiga
          • Old Teru
            • Teru
CWS code

Teru is the main language of the Teru people in the nation of Teru, in Lahan. It has approximately XXX speakers





Consonants Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Labio-velar Velar Glottal
Nasal m m: n n: [ŋ]1 [ŋ:]2
Plosive p p: pʰ b b: bʰ t t: tʰ d d: dʰ k k: kʰ g g: gʰ Ɂ
Fricative x x: h h:
Affricate t͡s
Approximant ɹ ɹ: j j: ʍ ʍ: w w:

(1) Allophone of /n/ before /g(ʰ)/, /k(ʰ)/

(2) Allophone of /n/ before /g(ʰ)/, /k(ʰ)/

Vowels Front Back
Close i i: i:: y y: u u:
Close-mid e e: ø ø:
Near-open æ æ:
Diphthongs øɪ


Teru is written in the XXX script, but can be romanised as below


Morphology and syntax



Nouns in Teru fit within an animacy hierarchy, which affects the way they decline and the way the fit into the sentence. This hierarchy has 13 points and is as follows:

  1. Religious
  2. Sentient creatures
  3. Large Animals
  4. Small Animals
  5. Modern Technology
  6. Liquids
  7. Fruit-bearing Plants
  8. Large Plants
  9. Small Plants
  10. Constructed Inanimates
  11. Inanimates
  12. Diseases, Insects, etc.
  13. Ideas and Concepts

A noun with a higher animacy comes earlier in the sentence.


decline to three numbers: singular, paucal and plural.


The Teru vocabulary is mostly derived from Proto-Lahiri and its daughters, with loans also from the other Insular Lahiri languages, Jutean and various other languages.

Writing and literature