Difference between revisions of "War of Supremacy"
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Revision as of 01:31, 22 July 2019
|War of Supremacy|
|Olboros Terminia||Letzian Empire|
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|Jectrn II||Big Chungus|
The War of Supremacy or Last Terminian War, often referred to in Shohuan as the Termo-Shohuanese War (Shohuanese: Þirji-Zosenij Kcisten), was a conflict between the Terminian Three Kingdoms and a coalition made up of the First Shohuanese Republic, the Letzian Empire, and their allies. Lasting from 29th March 1885 until 1st October 1887, the war was caused by ambitions to end the Terminian hegemony on trade and naval power in the Parshita and Taanttu Seas that it had held since the Accord at Myaichoun in 1798.
As a direct consequence of the war, the entire global balance of power was radically changed. Terminia was reduced to a shadow of its former self, allowing Shohuan to take its place as the primary regional power until at least the GEW nearly 70 years later. The war is also credited with leading to the gradual collapse of the imperial, aristocratic autocracy in Terminia, as a floundering economy and abysmal living standards for the lower classes sparked the rise of Kúúlism and eventually the Helsonian Revolution in 1925.
Most historians agree that Terminia was provoked by Shohuanese president Ganz Waznevî into declaring war, believing that they could preemptively end the threat to Terminian supremacy. On 10 December 1884, Shohuan lowered the levies in all their ports to only 1/500 of cargo value, which caused many Ekuosian and Soltennan merchants to favour Shohuanese alternatives to traditional Terminian routes. For instance, many ships began sailing to the port of Shroziq, instead of nearby Terminian Dac. This enraged Terminian Emperor Jectrn II, as tarrifs were a huge source of revenue for the Imperial House - total levies on Terminian routes could be as high as 5%. Terminia, in response, issued an ultimatum to Shohuan which was ignored by the Shohuanese government, instead garnering international support against the Terminian Emperor. The Letzian Empire, in particular, announced that they would support the Shohuanese in any dispute with Terminia. A diplomatic envoy sent by Shohuan to the imperial court in Kúri, ostensibly in order to resolve the diplomatic crisis, was widely reported in Terminian media flouting Imperial protocol, refusing to kneel before the Emperor before audience. This outraged the imperial court and the influential aristocratic class, and the Terminian Parliament voted overwhelmingly to advise the Emperor to declare war on Shohuan and its ally Letzia on 20th March 1885.
Course of the war
Terminia quickly found itself outnumbered by a technologically and strategically superior opponent. Especially at sea, Shohuan and Letzia made more effective use of industrial technology, and deployed fleets of modern ironclad warships against the aging Terminian Imperial Navy. Early naval battles in the Gulf of Sharkunen resulted in huge numbers of Terminian ships being sunk, and opposing forces quickly overran smaller Terminian colonies such as Bosato, and northern territories of the Far West. By 1886, Terminia was almost completely cut off from its colonial armies, and so fighting in western Hemesh and Ebo Nganagam became a brutal war of attrition for Terminian forces, who had little means of reinforcement. Especially in Ebo, fighting devolved into early forms of trench warfare, as Terminian troops relied on static, defensive battlefronts to maintain control over vast tracts of jungle.
Terminia began to face mounting domestic problems, however, as the war dragged on and the Three Kingdoms became isolated from their colonial and trade holdings. Without access to colonial income and trade routes, the Terminian economy suffered heavily and the imperial treasury fell rapidly into debt. The Shohuanese and Letzi were, by the start of 1887, in effective control of nearly all Terminian ports outside of the Three Kingdoms and Milevia. However, the Terminian Emperor, increasingly in denial and steered by a nationalistic court of advisors, refused any attempts at peace negotiations. In a meeting at Jgulkeyon on 20th February 1887, the Shohuani president and Emperor of Letzia agreed that the course of action should be a naval invasion of Terminia itself. The most successful invasions occured in Amerhan, where large regions in the east and south were occupied by Shohuani and Letzian troops. Starting in June 1887, Shohuan and Letzia attempted to ferry across large numbers of troops to land on Terminia Major, but were most often beaten back by the still-resistant Terminian mainland army. It was not until the devastating Raid of Kúri on 9th-10th September 1887, where Letzian ships managed to wreak havoc on the Terminian capital, that the Terminian Parliament was forced to concede defeat.
The peace terms subsequently negotiated by the powers were humiliating to Terminia, who were forced to dismantle their entire colonial empire. The Three Kingdoms officially granted or recognised the independence of several countries, including Bosato, Macyeaq, Dac Republic, and Awarahl, under Shohuanese influence. Shohuan itself annexed the entirety of Terminian Ebo Nganagam, as well as parts of Terminian Taanttu, while Letzia annexed Fyevan, and all of the Terminian Far West. The Terminian Far East, by then comprising only Kaisen and Czisilia, was nominally taken under Shohuanese control, although it remained de facto the only remaining posession of the Three Kingdoms after 1887.