|Republic of Zaizung
|Official languages||Standard Zaizung|
42,208 sq mi
Zaizung (Language: Country [IPA], Standard Kwang: Dãi Doun 汏孜 [dɛ᷄ˀ doʊ̃́]), officially the Republic of Zaizung, is a country located south of Qonklaks and east of Quaxin Xun. Together with Xynderland, it forms the straits separating the Amiyant Sea from the Gulf of Sharkunen, leading to its strategic trade and naval importance. It has a multiethnic population, and from various foreign occupations, has large influences from all over Sahar.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
The area that makes up modern Zaizung, because of its strategic location on the Amiyant Sea, spent a lot of its history under foreign occupation or as a puppet to a foreign power. The most frequent occupier is Qonklaks, which frequently sees Zaizung as part of the Qonk heartland, especially because of its large Qonk minority.
Up until the 8th C BCE, what is now Zaizung was probably inhabited by speakers of the Xuni substrate language without any large centralized state, similar to Quaxin Xun. The Qonklese Mor Dynasty captured the northern half of Zaizung in the 8th C BCE, including establishing the traditional (until the GEW) capital.
In the 7th C BCE, during the First Warring States Period, many breakaway Qonklese states were also founded in the south of Zaizung. One of these was the Jã state, which would eventually be the first to unify the area into one state.
The Jã Dynasty invited in Mañi-speaking peoples in during the Xuni Migration Period, to bolster its army, farming capacity, and trade. With this Special Relation (as certain bits of Zaizung nationalism call it) of a Mañi middle-class loyal to a Qonklese ruling class, the Jã were able to unify the area, and even resist the Lya Dynasty.
Eventually, the Gain Dynasty did take over both the Lya and Jã states in the early 5th C BCE.
The first major event cementing a specific Zaizung identity, as opposed to being members of a Qonklese state, a pan-Mañi identity, or individual settlements, was the Uprising (which is not the Trung sisters of Vietnam, which doesn't exist in Sahar) against the Gain Dynasty in 42 BCE - 37 BCE (dates could change).
While the Gain were able to take control of the north again, the south would remain as independant Mañic states, some being a bit more Qonkified than others. Two of these would see themselves as successors to the Jã and Thãw dynasties of the first warring states period, and especially with an influx of Qonklese during the second warring states period.
During the chaos of the Second Qonkese Warring States Period, the Letsatian Empire was able to take over the kingdom of Jã consisting of what is now Southern Zaizung in around 50 CE. The rule only lasts about 50 years, and it loses control around 100 CE. In that time, Iovism gets introduced, which would be a common theme throughout Zaizung history.
After the fall of Letsatia, there are a number of different architypes that various kingdoms in the area try using. Some try to rule as cosmopolitan post-Letsatian city-states, but this gets increasingly uncommon. Others try to see themselves as purely Qonklese states ruling over a marginalized Mañic and proto-Xunic underclass (which starts to get subsumed into Mañic). There are many kingdoms that are mostly Mañic, and frequently refer back to the Uprising, but these too take on various Qoncosphere traditions, and almost always have bits and pieces of Qonklese bureacracy, intellectual and artistic life, etc. There is also a tradition of states trying to invoke the Jã Special Relation of a Qonklese upper class, but a Mañic soldier and middle class, with a hybrid culture. At this time, various of these kingdoms act as vassals or tributaries to various Qonklese Dynasties, but are never conquered.
In the late 9th C, the Qonklese Mheiq Dynasty takes control of the Zaizung mainland again, but not the various islands in the archipelago that were owned by various powers. To solidify their rule, the Mheiq bring in lots of Middle Kwang-speaking people, who the remaining Qonklese intermarry with.
The Maithic Conquest of Qonklaks in the 13th C left a mini warring states period east of the Dain Sain mountains, where Zaizung again gained independence. Where it slowly got reabsorbed into Qonklaks by Qonklese dynasties after the Mai.
Throughout the first part half of the 17th C, various regions of the Qonklese Hàin Dynasty broke off to various warlords. The southern coast of Zaizung had multiple nominally independent or fully independent kingdoms by the 1630s, and most islands were independent by the 1650s. When the Hàin Dynasty officially fell into the fourth warring states period in 1668, only the Northern Capital was still part of the Dynasty.
These small kingdoms did not really see themselves as part of a unified whole. On the islands, in the highlands, and on parts of the southern coast, you saw many small independent Mañic kingdoms that looked more like those in Quaxin Xun than Qonklese Warring States, but on the Amiyant coast and parts of the southern coast, many were trying to be Qonklese, usually harkening back to the explicit Jã special relation of a Qonklese Elite with a strong Mañic soldier and working class.
Many of the states resulting from the fall of the Qonklese Hàin Dynasty became vassals of the Forian Kingdom, to gain protection from other neighboring kingdoms. The Forians directly started conquering most of the islands and large portions of southern Zaizung directly as soon as it was clear the Hàin could not defend them in around the 1640s. In 1674, the warlord of the traditional northern capital needed Fordian soldiers to quash a rebellion, making himself a puppet, and putting now all of the country into either direct or indirect rule.
Part of Forian rule was to subvert the hold Kwang had over the political and cultural sphere, to break the special relation that they were not a part of, or ideas of the Qonklese as foreign invaders. Unlike earlier rule, which either saw the Zaizung Kwang as the true heirs of the country or foreign invaders, it invited them in to a united identity with the Zaizung Mañi. This lead to the Forians promoting the official use of the mesolect between Southern Zaizung Mañi and Zaizung Kwang that would become Standard Zaizung, as well as commissioning new plays containing the use of Standard Kwang.
1772 - seeing their chance to protect Qonks, Olboros/Bãw Qonklaks starts a war and annexes it
In 1897, the Qonklese Olboros dynasty mandates that all international imports and exports must pass through Paseinse, Meinbaipaw, or Jikhein, in response to opium smuggling and to try and assert more imperial power. Especially since the journey to Paseinse would greatly increase the amount of time for any ship going to or from Zaizung, this causes a massive strike of Zaizung dockworkers, which only gets worse as an early frost destroys various crops throughout Soltenna. With imported grain much more expensive, this leads to bread riots, which imperial forces shut down by shooting into a large crowd and killing 10. Similar small scale revolts happen in Qonklaks proper, but are a bit quieter during the good harvest of 1898, unlike the Zaizung protests which just get louder and louder.
In 1899, cities in southern Zaizung and the highlands declared an independent republic in response to another crops failed again. This independence was using the organization developed by the now-Zaizung-wide dock worker solidarity movement that was building up since 1897 to delay Qonklese ships from the southern cities. Northern cities still have a large troop presence, so are initially not part of the revolt. This crop failure, as well as the army being distracted in Zaizung, also leads to the Qonklese civil war.
In 1902, with the Qonklese Olboros troops stretched thin, northern Zaizung is also able to join the Republic.
1902 - with all of Zaizung in the revolution, and Qonklaks distracted, the Zaizung Republic is declared
1903 - Thaboun declares Qonklese Republic, and because of the lack of manpower to try to reclaim Zaizung, along with acknowledgement of Zaizung's revolution's help in securing supplies through the Amiyant while blocking Olborosi shipments and troop movements, there is an unspoken agreement that Zaizung is independent, but not Official
1917 - republican qonk tries to invade zaizung and fail and then sign an armistice in 1918
After Zaizung's success in the 1917 war, and to bolster the chances of them surviving a remilirized Qonklaks, Zaizung and Quaxin Xun signed a mutual defense pact. Because Imperial Qonklaks feared the same result would happen again, even though it declared war on both nations in 1939, Qonklaks only turned its attention to Zaizung after it conquered enough of Quaxin Xun to invade on a large land front.
Fascist Qonk occupation and the GEW
After the Qonklese invasion of Zaizung's mutual defense partner Quaxin Xun in 1939, Qonklaks had established a long land border and invaded Zaizung. This strategy was overly cautious about Zaizung's defenses on the Amiyant Sea or the short land border in the north. Dain Pain declared that Zaizung was an integral province of Qonklaks, and formally annexed it.
The rule of the Qonklese Empire was to give benefits to both all Zaizung Qonks and the Zaizung Mañis who were loyal to the state. Some Zaizung Qonks still joined the resistance.
After the war, many Zaizung Qonks and some Zaizung Mañis fearing retaliation both from fellow Zaizungese and the approaching Terminians, fled to Qonklaks proper.
After the GEW, Zaizung became a puppet state of the Helsonian Union. Some portion of the Qonklese population moved to Qonklaks proper. Helsonia changed the capital from historic Northern Capital to a new Southern Capital (before one of the larger ports in the south), to lower Qonk influence. Helsonia mostly withdrew from Zaizung militarily in the mid-60s, and return of almost all of the islands, except the few held by their GEW ally of Lugida, but still kept a few military and naval bases. Helsonia's interest in Zaizung included keeping control of the sea lanes between Terminia Proper and their holdings in Myaichoun and Yeinti, so it kept a naval presence until the mid 1970s.
After the Qonk-Helsonian split, Zaizung was firmly in the Helsonian side of the divide. This meant that it had a parallel opening up as the one Jáán Vexut initiated in Helsonia in 1977. Because of its proximity, neutrality, and use of the Terminian language, Zaizung started a manufacturing sector to sell cheap products, which it quickly also expanded to export to the newly-formed Fordas. Because of its is increasing reliance on exporting to Fordas in the 1980s and 1990s, and a Helsonian navy stretched very thin, it didn't close its trade with the east after the coup in the Helsonian Union by Vrije Ghagor in 1999, and didn't experience the same chaos as other Kúúlist states when the Helsonian Union fell apart in 2005. Because of this, its modern government still has some roles put aside for the Kúúlist party.
To support an official start of a new era, Lugida returned its Zaizung islands to the country, unifying it once and for all, with an agreement signed in 2001 that the islands would be integrated into the country in 2016.
Spine of the Dain Sain mountains parallel to northern shore, making it distinct from the southern shore. Its history was greatly influenced by its having access to one of the few sea lanes between the Gulf of Sharkunen and the Amiyant Sea, especially due to them having different wind patterns.
Mediterranean but monsoonal, very mountainous
The traditional Capital is the more Qonkified Old Northern Capital. It is a large entrepot that moved goods from ocean going ships to smaller Amiyant Sea going boats.
The southern regions on the ocean are more culturally similar to oceanic parts of Quaxin Xun, and frequently competed with them for the same oceanic trade routes. Both Xuni and southern Zaizungese polities traded extensively with the Old Northern Capital.
Instead of splitting the govermnet by powers, Zaizung uses the traditional pre-Olboros Qonklese system of splitting by domain. Each ministry has executive and partial legislative powers in their domain, though most legislation needs review by the other ministries before becoming official law.
The Zaizung government is structured into 8 ministries. These are the Ministries of Control, Examination, Justice, War, Finance, Rites, Works, and Personnel.
The Central Committee is made up of the 8 heads of the ministries along with a "first among equals" chancellor elected on a 5? year term. The chancellor is mostly there to break ties and greet foreign dignitaries, but retains few powers outside of presiding over the Central Committee. The ministries of Control and Examination are explicity kúúlist, but the other 6 are all open to every citizen, and the ones that are democratic allow all parties to run candidates. Democratically elected ministries tend to use Terminian federalism to split into smaller bodies.
Zaizung did not adopt the 5 Mè system of modern Qonklaks. The 1902 Zaizung Republic was setting up a government before the 1903 Qonklese Republic, and the post-GEW government was set up by the Helsonians, and with memories of fascist Qonk occupation in everyone's minds.
While Zaizung is a Kúúlist country even after the collapse of the Helsonian Union, it is very close with Fordas, which uses it for cheap manufacturing and now also technology, and to hedge against Qonklese control of the Amiyant Sea.
Because of its historic role as a gateway to the Amiyant, proximity to Bosato and Nyatol, and large diaspora population, Zaizung is more involved with foreign affairs than other countries of its size.
Historically, the economy of Zaizung was based off of trade along the coasts, cash crops in the highlands (think of what they are, tea is one of them, maybe a narcotic is another), lots of agriculture in the fertile coastal plain, and tourism on the islands. Starting in the 1980s, it started exporting cheap goods to Fordas and by the mid-2000s had a growing tech sector.
The coast of Zaizung is important for its role in the harbor, and contains many important centers of trade. The intercity train system in most of the east coast goes into the Northern Capital, and then into Qonlaks, and some trains from the highlands went directly to Qonlaks, but were remade to snake into the Northern Capital during Helsonian times. Before the GEW, most intercity train systems were just leading to the nearest port city, and southern cities were not connected until Helsonian times.
Urban transport includes metro lines, light rail, funiculars, and aerial tramways, depending on the varied needs of the various geographies of the cities. The first actual metro lines were built with a loan from the Helsonian government in the 1950s, so Zaizung's metro includes has a more Helsonian typology, but lines built since the 1980s look more like Fordian ones.
Fascist Qonklaks laid a few highways to make for easier troop transport and tanks, include some that razed parts of the Northern Capital. Post-war of the Coastal Highway did not go through any cities (but, if Helsonia wanted to show might, they would make wide boulevards).
Traditionally, there were a number of different sailboat types, for different uses. Even though they have been replaced by different types of powered boats, they still are in many ways used as a national symbol.
Science and technology
Due to its mediterranean climate and close historical ties to Qonklaks, Zaizung, especially the islands, has a bunch of very fancy resorts. Some play up historical Zaizung forms of showing wealth, like the Table dance.
Due to its strategic location, Zaizung is a very multi-ethnic state, held together by an Iovist State Church
The two largest ethnic groups are the Zaizung Mañi and "Pure Zaizung" at each about 40% of the population. "Pure Zaizung" refers to people who claim both Mañi and Qonk heritige, with the pure being based on a nationalistic response to how they were mixed. - some nation building decided to have people marry into different groups to homogenize the population
The next largest population at around 15% of the population are the Zaizung Qonks, a distinct subethnic group of Qonks. While many Zaizung might try to tell you about a distinction between "Zaizung Qonks" and "Northern Qonks," with the latter speaking Standard Kwang and having family that came during fascist times, there is plenty of fluidity, basing more on how much a family is seen as part of or foreign to the Zaizung state, including how most Zaizung see the very old <not Quizling?> family as "northern Qonks" even though their anscestors came over in the 13th C. On the north part of the Amiyanat Coast, Kwang people can make almost 40% of the population in some districts. the Qonk population of Zaizung peaked at 40% in 19XX, just before a lot of the population was drafted for the Great Ekuosian War, and many Qonks fled after the Helsonian Union granted Zaizung independence from Qonklaks (as a client state). Most modern scholars point out that many of the people who put Qonk down in Fascist Qonklaks occupied Zaizung had mixed-Mañic/Qonk ancestry and so would have put "Pure Zaizung" in later censuses. - academia, high arts, etc., dominated by them - think of themselves as the "dual indigeneity myth" - that they are 100% of Zaizung but also 100% Qonk - maybe Taiwanese-like or Hong Kong-like - for various reasons, very actively tried to prove themselves as "loyal to Zaizung" - maybe a bit paternalistic - more likely to be urban, middle class, etc.
Ethnicity is not directly tied to ancestry, with it more being "which groups of your ancestors can you claim to your identity, social and political ties, cultural expression, etc. For example, the "Pure Zaizung" Prime Minister <NAME>'s sister <NAME> went by her Kwang name when writing plays, and their cousin <NAME> claimed to be Mañi when he <think of something that fits>. Which of the languages you treat as your first language is more important than ancestry for ethnic identification.
Various Rietic peoples live in the cities, and are usually lumped as "Lugidan" (maybe choose a different ethnicity as the main group). There are also various "tribal" groups, usually similar to groups in Quaxin Xun. They are more likely to be found in the highlands, but the <NAME> are a Qonklese speaking group that lives on riverboats near major ports.
Zaizung tend to have a lot of thigns going into names. Many have the traditional Mañic system of using the month and date you were born, but instead of the Mañi calendar, it uses dates from the Kwang Calendar.
Many Zaizung in addition will have a "Kwang name," either in Zaizung Kwang or Standard Kwang.
Historically, the north was more industrialized and had a higher population, while the south had a few major ports but farmland in between. After the Great Ekuosian War, Zaizung became a puppet state of the Helsonian Union, and moved its capital from the traditional capital in the north to the south.
Most Zaizung are multilingual in a variety of languages. The National Language of Standard Zaizung is a creole formed out of a mesolect of Southern Zaizung Mañi and Zaizung Kwang, with significant influence from the Northern Zaizung Mañi that was spoken in the historical capital and most populous area.
Zaizung Kwang diverged from Middle Kwang around the 9th C.
There are three main Zaizung Mañi dialects, with Northern and Southern along the coast, and River being spoken in the highlands.
Some scholars claim that Zaizachi (not its real name) was real, based on a few plays with use of it, but because it seems to me a mesolect with Kwang as the basolect and Mañi as the acrolect, instead of the Standard Zaizung which is the opposite, most scholars think that it was more a trope in literature and collective language game than a real langauge of a real group of people.
Part of the national Zaizung Identity is that since it is so ethnically divided, the national state Iovist church fill part of that role as a unifier.
The National Iovist Church of Zaizung is a part of the government, as one of the 8 ministries. All Zaizung citizens are members of the Church, and can vote on their local clergy. It is not an exclusive religion, as citizens can be a part of a second religion as well.
The most prestigious art has historically been produced by the Kwang minority, or with heavy influences from them. though in more modern times, some more Mañic art styles have been hailed as High Art. A lot of national symbols are Mañic in origin.
Zaizungese architecture has multiple influences in it. Throughout the country, it is very common to see pre-Kúúlist public buildings in a Qonklese style, as well as the houses of the elites, and in the north, also many middle class housing as well. Mañic architecture is also prevalent, especially for mass housing for more lower class families. Especially on the islands, and partially in the north, you also see styles from Rietic peoples.
Because Zaizung is defined by its mountainous terrain, styles have adapted to the split level nature of building on cliff faces. Many buildings are actually compounds connected by staircases going up the sides of the mountain.
Industrialization in the late Qonklese Olboros period and the pre-Great Ekuosian War Zaizung Republic lead to a lot of ~6 story apartment buildings with external staircases and a small balcony, especially in the Northern Capital but also in many of the cities in the south. These tended to have large rooms for multiple families on each floor, and movable paper screens and movable furniture like floor cusions for seating became a popular way to subdivide the space and remake it for multiple purposes. As the islands and the mountainous spine did not industrialize in the same way, you do not see these there.
Kúúlist building styles are much more common in the South, in the newer Southern Capital and other less developed southern cities, but did not replace as much of the existing architecture of the old Northern Capital.
The most prestigious music uses Kwang instrumentation and scales, but sometimes has influence from more Mañic beats (is this Jazz?)
In more recent years, Mañic Zaizung music has been gaining in national prominence, due to a new pan-Zaizung identity. The scale usually used for Mañic Zaizung music consists of two parts - one fixed five note scale to produce drones, usually stopping at the 5th, and a pentatonic scale relative to the current drone, played on a specific type of instrument which is not unlike a hurdy gurdy. There are multiple fixed scales and pentatonics that you can choose, but a common one is a fixed similar to the first half of the Phrygian dominant mode and the major pentatonic. In more modern art, it is seen as cool to use this and other traditional Mañic instrumentation fit into a more Kwang orchestra.
One more traditional Mañic tempo resembles the 7/8 Yàłurał, in beats of 2+2+3, but after the GEW, Zaizung music with an innovative 2+3+2 beat got popular, especially with the flowering of Social Dances in post-war Zaizung.
Another traditional Mañic tempo is a 13/8 3+3+3+2+2
Some of the most iconic pieces of Zaizung's art are the long theatrical tradition. The earliest ones we have evidence of in the 14th C (maybe?) are purely in Kwang, but pretty soon, it became common to have characters speak in a Mañi langauge as well. They tend to use Mañi for characters who are poorer, more rural, more emotional, or evil.
In the 17th and 18th C, we start seeing Standard Zaizung added to the mix, as well as Zaizachi. Standard Zaizung then got associated with main characters, Kwang with noble or poëtic characters, Mañi with simpler characters or those with wisdom, and Zaizachi with dreams and prophecy.
Because the Zaizung use of the Mañi naming convention with Kwang months only goes up to 5 or 6 in the intercalenary Snake month, it is common to name spirits at 7 Snake - 30 snake, to clue the watchers in.
Because of nautical influence, a lot of the pulley systems for backdrops look like those used for sailboats, and a lot of words for talking about stories are derived from sailing words.
Meals tend to have multiple smaller dishes, in a banchan like style, with some dishes that are best eaten with chopsticks (usually on Soltennan rice), some that are eaten on corn arepas with the hands, and some that are wrapped in partially boiled cabbage leaves. Seafood makes a large part of the protein.
While Zaizung Mañi people have a high lactose intolerance rate, because haute cuisine tends to be Qonklese, dairy is still fairly ubiquitous in certain food items, both from native Water Buffalo and also imported cows.
As part of the Qoncosphere, tea makes a major part of culture, with tea houses seen as pillars of high society.
Both the older and newer flags of Zaizung are based on the junk sails of ships. The older flag also included the Wheel of Iovi. Since the old flag was not rectangular, looked dated, and had the battens parallelized even thought many junks in Zaizung had much more diagonal battens on their sails, under Kúúlist leadership adopted a new flag.
The older flag was adopted as a state flag by the old northern capital when Zaizung adopted its modern national flag.
|Quaxin Xun||Xynderland • Amiyant Sea|
|Bosato • Nyatol||Mänea • Gulf of Sharkunen|