Achiyitqan Dialect Continuum|
|Native speakers||10mil? (no date)|
|Official language in||Achiyitqana|
Achiyitqan is a dialect continuum and represents the most widely-spoken extant daughters of the pre-Mahavic Maakpauaean family. It is a polysynthetic language loosely inspired by Blackfoot and Inuktitut.
|Nasal||m m:||n m:||ŋ ŋ:|
|Plosive||p p:||t t:||c /tʃ/||k k:||q q:||ɂ /ʔ/|
|Voiced||b b:||d d:||g g:|
|Fricative||s s:||ɥ ɥ: /ʃ/||h h:|
|Liquid||w w:||l l:||y y: /j/|
|Close||i i: í ií íi||u u: ú uú úu|
|Mid||e e: é eé ée||o o: ó oó óo|
|Open||a á||ɑ: aá áa|
Almost any combination of almost anything is allowed. Diphthongs, triphthongs, consonant clusters with mixed voicing and placement, syllabic/nucleic anything-but-stops. Etc.
/h/ assimilates in placement to surrounding stops, therefore surface forms are [ɸ s ʃ x χ] (with /h/ [s ʃ] merging with /s ʃ/).
/i e/ become [ɪ ɛ] in some positions.
/j w/ delete after other consonants (allowing for j: w:).
The language has a conscript, but it is not yet fontified so generally you will see romanizations.
The romanization is as per IPA except: /ʃ/ "ɥ" /tʃ/ "c" /j/ "y" /ʔ/ "ɂ"
Achiyitqan is polysynthetic and with some agglutinative and some fusional elements, so it has a rather robust morphology.
Nouns decline into four cases (NOM-ACC-GEN-OBL) in three animacies (AN-MOD-IN) and a three phonological classes (S-N-I). They can also take articles (definite and negative) and prepositions.
Verbs conjugate for negation, tense (rem.past, past, pres, imm.pres, future, rem.fut, gnomic), aspect (progressive, perfective, inchoate/inceptive, cessative) mood (declarative/imperative, interrogative, conditional, optative, admonitive, consequential, causative), little-v (plural non-suffixed subject agreement, passive, reciprocal, reflexive), and can take incorporated objects and suffixed subjects.
SOVI preferred but overall free word order. ADJ-N (prefixed). RELs are verbalized.