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Balkism does not focus on racial purity and is not inherently anti-democratic, but typically advocates a classless society as its ultimate goal with a strong anti-monarchic bent. While its branches are typically nationalist or pan-nationalist, it is not terribly expansionist or irredentist. Most branches advocate worker control of the means of production as part of its anti-monarchist and anti-aristocratic ideals.
The original conception of Balkism by Yurik Balkas was as a pan-nationalist, anti-monarchic and anti-aristocratic movement. His writings about Balkism were produced during the 1820s-30s, and his ideas later vastly influenced Name Kúúl.
Balkism first gained traction in the late 1850s, largely in response to the actions of Terminia after its failing economy led it to ramp up exploitation of its colonial territories. Balkists formed an influential group during the Referendums on Milevian Sovereignty 1876, and seized power in the unstable political atmosphere of newly independent Farmosh which became the first constitutionally Balkist state in 1877. From there, Balkist ideas disseminated to much of Parshita, where Balkism remains a powerful political force.
Balkist movements were often seen as a nationalist alternative to the anarchistic goals of Kúúlism, and as such gained popularity in Vaniua, Ekuosia and especially Hemesh. At its peak in the 1920s, Balkist governments held power in [number] states, mostly in southeast Miraria. Balkist movements have, over the 20th century, seen a shift in political ideology towards authoritarian populism and nationalism, ideas which many "traditional" Balkists regard as contrary to Balkas' writings.