Balkism

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Balkism is the political, social and economic ideology stemming from the ideas of Yurik Balkas. It is a far-left set of ideas that have reached greatest success in Miraria.

Balkism does not focus on racial purity and is not inherently anti-democratic, but typically advocates a classless society as its ultimate goal with a strong anti-monarchic bent. While its branches are typically nationalist or pan-nationalist, it is not terribly expansionist or irredentist. Most branches advocate worker control of the means of production as part of its anti-monarchist and anti-aristocratic ideals.

Balkism is one of the main strands of far-left and Balko-Kúúlist ideology on Sahar, along with Kúúlism.

Manifesto

The original conception of Balkism by Yurik Balkas was as a pan-nationalist, anti-monarchic and anti-aristocratic movement. His writings about Balkism were produced during the 1820s-30s, and his ideas later vastly influenced Name Kúúl.

History

Origin and early history

Following the termination of his studies at Prels University in [year], Balkas began to travel to various locations in eastern Miraria and study the various cultures present in the region. His observations, particularly those of communalism prevalent in Achiyitqana, directly informed and inspired his later works. Balkas released his first book, [name], in [year], followed by subsequent treatises in philosophy and political theory. In his work [name tbd], Balkas advocated for the unification of all the peoples of the Terminian Far East - Milevic, Mahavic, and Tiengic peoples, as well as other ethnic groups - espousing a form of East Mirarian pan-nationalism transcending ethnic, linguistic, and cultural boundaries and reflecting on a common East Mirarian identity.

Balkism first gained traction in the late 1850s, in the immediate wake of Balkas' death in 1852, largely in response to the actions of Terminia after its failing economy led it to ramp up exploitation of its colonial territories. The earliest epicentres for Balkist thought were Milevia and Mahavia.

Early success

Balkists formed an influential group during the Referendums on Milevian Sovereignty 1876, and seized power in the unstable political atmosphere of newly independent Farmosh which became the first constitutionally Balkist state in 1877.

Spread within Parshita

Following the successful establishment of a Balkist state in Farmosh, Balkist ideas disseminated to much of Parshita, where Balkism remains a powerful political force in the modern age.

In the decades following Balkas' death, Balkist thought would begin to diverge regarding the scope of pan-nationalism, with different Balkist groups concentrating on broader or narrower regional, ethnic, or linguistic identities. Balkist thought under Farmosh, for instance, became focused on the Milevic peoples, languages, and cultures, eventually leading to tensions with Mahavic and other East Mirarian peoples and later Pashaists. Conversely, in Sarmai the common label of [tbd] was applied broadly to a wide range of Tiengic, Kame, Paroan, and other East Mirarian groups native to the country.

Developments beyond Parshita

Balkist movements were often seen as a nationalist alternative to the anarchistic goals of Kúúlism, and as such gained popularity in Vaniua, Ekuosia and especially Hemesh. At its peak in the 1920s, Balkist governments held power in [number] states, mostly in southeast Miraria.

Emergence of authoritarian Balkism

Balkist movements have, over the 20th century, seen a shift in political ideology towards authoritarian populism and nationalism, ideas which many "traditional" Balkists regard as contrary to Balkas' writings.

See also