Cerman

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Federal Democratic Republic of Cerman
Flag Emblem
Motto: "See the light"
Anthem: "Hark, O Friends"
Cerman (dark green) within the Ekuosian Union (light green) and Ekuosia (dark grey)
Capital
and largest city
Kúri
9°31′N 1°5′W
Official languages Terminian
Recognised regional languages Utollian
Utoyi
Minor Terminian
Demonym Cermani / Terminian
Sovereign state  Terminian Dominion
Government Federal parliamentary republic
 -  President ?
 -  Grand Vizier Váázegy Groz
 -  First Member ?
Legislature Federal Parliament
 -  Upper house Democratic Viziers Council
 -  Lower house Federal House
Formation
 -  First Terminian Empire 413 
 -  Second Terminian Empire July 1216 
 -  Olboros Terminia 22 October 1696 
 -  Helsonian Revolution 10 October 1925 
 -  Collapse of the Helsonian Union 8 September 2005 
 -  Refederation 2 January 2006 
 -  Terminian Dominion 30 June 2006 
 -  Invasion of PFHR Utol 12th December 2006 
Area
 -  Total 635,750 km2
241,507 sq mi
 -  Water (%) ~13%
Population
 -  2017 census 129,372,482 (8th)
 -  Density 203.496/km2
527.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2018 estimate
 -  Total $2.81 trillion
 -  Per capita $21,762
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
 -  Total $1.46 trillion
 -  Per capita $11,253.63
Gini (2015)45
medium
HDI (2015)0.757
high
Currency Cermani Jikow, Ekuo (CMJ)
Time zone Glorp Mean Time (SCT+0)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .cm

Cerman (IPA: /sə(r)ˈmɑːn/), often known as Terminia, officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Cerman, is a country in Baredina. Located in northwest Ekuosia, Cerman's area is almost evenly split between the Terminian Isles (home to 83% of the Cermani population) and Utol on the Ekuosian mainland. With an estimated population of almost 129 million, Cerman is the 8th most populous country on Sahar and the 3rd in Ekuosia, after Ebo Nganagam and Nevira. Cerman is the main constituent country of the Terminian Dominion.

Pre-Termic Terminia was conquered by Ngerupics who arrived from Akulanen into the Terminian Isles around 3000 years ago. There they established a distinct culture and language, heavily influenced by the Letsatians who conquered the Terminian homeland in 200 BC. It was during the Letsatian period that Iovic religion was introduced to the area, which eventually led to the establishment of Pashaism. The Termic expansion in the 1st century AD resulted in the settlement of southern Akulanen and the northwestern coast of Ekuosia by Terms. Over the next two millennia the Terminian Empire (in various forms), having risen to prominence after the fall of Letsatia, became extremely rich and powerful due to its advantageous position situated along the primary trade route from the Parshita to Boroso. At its height in the 15th century, it controlled vast swathes of western Ekuosia along with multiple territories in Boroso and Miraria and trade posts in most of the known world. It is often considered to have been the single most powerful empire in history.

In 1925, following a coup by the Kúúlist Popular Party against the Olboros monarchy of the Terminian Three Kingdoms, the Adhelsonian Provisional State was established and became the first constitutionally Kúúlist state on Sahar. This resulted in a two-year-long civil war which ended in a decisive victory for the Kúúlists over the divided and unpopular monarchists. It was during the initial Kúúlist period that Terminia experienced rapid industrialisation and economic development, a result of five-year plans which sought to reelevate the Terminians to a globally influential status. In 1942 the Helsonian constitution was rewritten by the powerful statist faction of the KPP, which established the federal Union of Supreme Helsonian Republics. Helsonia began to expand its military capabilities and global influence, as a result of the Fals-Helsonian War of 1936-1940 and the Great Ekuosian War which Helsonia directly participated in from 1949-1951.

Modern Cerman was established in 2005 after the collapse of the Helsonian Union. Before this point Terminia had had almost continuous control over Amerhan since its settlement by Termic peoples. In 2006, Cerman invaded the Kúúlist government of another Helsonian successor state, the PFHR Utol, and incorporated it into the Cermani federation. Since 2013, Cerman has been a full member of the Ekuosian Union and the Ekuosian currency basket. The Cermani constitution defines Cerman as a democratic, parliamentary republic following the Terminian parliamentary system; the current Grand Vizier, Váázegy Groz has been head of the government since Cerman's creation. Cerman has sovereignty over two overseas territories: the Cermani Far West and the Cermani Kaisen.

The capital of Cerman, Kúri, is a major global economic hub and the 10th largest city in Ekuosia with a population of just over 6 million. Cerman is usually categorised as a developed country, and benefits from a large nominal GDP of $1.46 trillion. However, Cerman has a comparatively low GDP per capita of only $11,253.63, especially compared to much of the EkU.

Etymology

The word Cerman, from Middle Terminian Cérhmwń, originally refered only to the language spoken in Terminia. However, in the 16th century the word began also being applied as a collective name for the duchies in the Terminian homeland, to differentiate it from the territories of the Terminian Empire. Up until then, the most common word for Terminia had been Gńwacúrhm; this term is the source for many exonyms of Cerman, and is still often used in Cerman to refer to the Terminian Empire, as well as the geographic Terminian Isles.

History

Prehistory

The Qax ruins, dated from 2000BC, are the oldest known structure in Terminia.

The Terminian isles served as the first point where anatomically modern humans left the Baredinan continent approximately 70,000 years ago. For thousands of years, the islands were a hunter-gatherer society occupied by waves of Homo sapiens migrating to Miraria. Approximately 9,000 years ago agriculture, which had originated in Halaria, was introduced to the islands. A form of heiroglyphic writing distinct from Halarian developed on the islands in 2,000 BC, believed to encode pre-Ngerupic Terminian although the script has never been deciphered.

Around 1,800 BC, Ngerupics from Akulanen's southern coast began a series of invasions of the islands, establishing themselves as a ruling class in Terminia's north. By around 1,200 BC Proto-Termic emerged as the predominant written and spoken language, as the pre-Ngerupic population assimilated and extensive admixture caused Termics to develop a unique cultural and ethnic identity, separate from the continuum of Akulanen Ngerupics. Throughout the first millennium BC Terminia had no central power, but was rather a mixture of mostly sovereign villages and towns. Many aspects of life in these settlements was communal, including the rights to farming land, which was considered to belong to the entire village.

Proto-Termic was the first Ngerupic language to be written down, having adopted a system similar to the heiroglyphs which had been used in Terminia prior to the Ngerupic arrival. However, these were poorly adapted for the language, and by 500 BC most of Terminia had switched to the Western Ekuosian alphabet.

Letsatian period

The Letsatian Empire in 175 AD.

In the year 32 BC, Letsatia conquered the Terminian isles as one of its first major expansions outside of the Letsatian region. With it came a radical reform to Terminian society, and the beginnings of Terminia's manorial and later feudal system which would persist for thousands of years. Terminia became an important centre of the Letsatian Empire, being the naval convergence point of the known world, and Terminians became known as Letsatia's sailors and merchants. As Letsatia expanded, so did Terminians, migrating onto mainland Baredina (what would become Utol), back into Akulanen (Amerhan), and all along the coast of Northern Ekuosia. This propagation of Termic language and culture in the first few centuries AD is known as the Termic expansion.

Letsatia heavily influenced Terminian life, introducing Letsatian customs, loanwords and practices which remain to this day. Terminia's first codified legal system, largely similar to Letsatian civil law, unified crimes and punishments on the island for the first time, and Terminia was split into four imperial provinces ruled over by Letsatian religious bureaucrats. Although Iovic beliefs had been present before the Letsatian period, Letsatia introduced Iovism on a much larger scale, which eventually led to many Terminians adopting a form of Termic-influenced Iovic heresy which would become the world's second largest religion, Pashaism.

For the majority of Letsatian rule, the High Letsatian language was the used by the ruling class and was learnt by Terminians as a mark of prestige.

Telr Empire

A relief of Sah Telr, first Terminian emperor, on his tomb.

As the Letsatian empire started to crumble, in the late 4th century a Terminian noble family called the Telr rallied the support of the Terminian fiefs to revolt against Letsatian rule. For many centuries, the native Terminian aristocracy had chafed under the centralised Letsatian senates, and felt that they had increasingly been robbed of their rightful fiefs. In the 164th year after Pasha's ascension (either 413 or 414 AD), Sah Telr I declared himelf Emperor of the Terms and established the first unified and sovereign Terminian nation.

Under the leadership of the Telr, the Terminian Empire continued to use its central location as an advantage, profiting from trade flowing from the Parshita to the Taanttu. It established a large network of trade which stretched from Hemesh to northern Boroso to Soltenna and Ekuostia. The empire was an early adopter of feudalism, although Terminia extended the model to an extensive system of mercantile taxation. In this way the Terminian imperial family grew incredibly rich, and many tales (perhaps exaggerated) recounted their sumptuous and luxurious lifestyles. For the first century after the end of Letsatian rule, Terminia continued to employ the Letsatian language in matters of law and government, and accepted both Iovism and the Pashaist "heresy" (to which the Telr had converted in the 5th century) as the Empire's religion.

The first challenge to the rule of the Telr came in the early 6th century when the Weci family, an aristocratic merchant family from Utol, formalised a rival claim to the Terminian throne and pledged to return Terminia to Letsatian rule. The Weci were devout Iovists, and resented what they believed to be the degradation of Iovist doctrine in Terminia by the heretical Telr emperors. Backed by the Letsatian senates they led the Weci rebellion, which gained the support of many Terminian Iovists.

The Weci claim to the monarchy revolved around the marriage of Telr III's sole child to a minor Weci prince. Believing a female monarch to be detrimental, however, upon his death in 524 Telr III's male nephew was coronated instead as Telr IV. Only three years after the coronation, the Weci occupied the Imperial Palace in Kúri and deposed the emperor, leading to almost two decades of Weci rule. This ended in 545 in the bloody Battle for Kúri and the reinstatement of the Telr dynasty.

As a direct consequence of the revolt, Telr V outlawed Iovism and declared Pashaism a separate and superior doctrine. Many Iovist nobles, some of whom had supported the Weci, had their lands and merchant fleets confiscated, and Iovists were beheaded en masse in public executions. An estimated third of the Terminian population were Iovist before the revolt, of which a vast majority converted to Pashaism to escape persecution. Many Pashaists regard this as an important religious event, which led to the widespread recognition of Pashaism as a distinct religion for the first time.

The Telr continued to rule over Terminia for a further two centuries, losing some of Terminia's mainland territory to Low Letsatia in a series of minor wars. However, the family's continued taxation of aristocrat and merchant families led to widespread discontent against their rule, and by the 8th century they had lost control over their vassals. A war against [Vadesia] in 705 proved disastrous, as most Terminian dukes refused to send their armies to fight in the mainland.

Depiction of Emperor Kúrii I ca. 750 AD

Kúrii Empire

From the 6th century onwards, the Kúrii had been one of Terminia's most powerful trading dynasties, originating as a minor noble family in the capital duchy of Kúri. In 726, pledging to lower obligations on the empire's duchies, supporters of Zwáp Kúrii stormed the Imperial Palace and declared the Kúrii rightful rulers of Terminia. The Telr dynasty is believed to have subsequently died out in the male line, despite the surname remaining popular in Cerman to this day.

Under the Kúrii, Terminia's influence on Ekuosian trade networks vastly increased.
Terminian trade routes by 900 AD.
The end of heavy taxation allowed Terminian merchants to travel to farflung outposts in Boroso, Soltenna, Hemesh and Baridia, and develop some of the most advanced contemporary sailing technology. The most lucrative trade goods were cane sugar and tobacco from Boroso, as well as sought-after Terminian spices such as cinnamon, ginger and turmeric.

Domestically, port cities and the merchants therein were a constant subject of intra-Terminian warfare - but an effective separation of merchants from their aristocratic lieges ensured that, for the most part, profits from trade remained stable. This status quo led to a 3-centuries long period of prosperity commonly termed the Kúrii Resplendence.

However, the death of Kúrii X in 1064 with no male offspring prompted an inheritance crisis. The ascension of the Emperor's eldest daughter to the throne was seen as undesirable, since Terminia had never previously had a female sovereign and Terminia's succession law was uncodified and arcane. Notwithstanding, Kúrjo I was coronated first Empress of Terminia in 834 PE, and reigned for 35 years. Her marriage to Ríhd Glorpi was a major point of contention throughout her reign - strongly disapproved of by her Kúrii relatives who feared losing the Terminian throne.

Geography

Geology

Climate

Biodiversity

Politics

Governance

According to the Constitution of Cerman, the nation is a federation and parliamentary republic, wherein the Grand Vizier is the head of government and the President is the head of state. The Federal Republic is fundamentally structured as a multi-party representative democracy, with legislative power vested in the bicameral Federal Parliament.

Administrative divisions

Foreign relations

Military

Economy

Transport

Energy

Science and technology

Tourism

Demographics

Ethnic groups

Urbanisation

Language

Education

Healthcare

Religion

Culture

Heritage

Architecture

Literature

Art

Music

Theatre

Film

Cuisine

Sport

Symbols

See also