Gay, lesbian, and bisexual rights

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The rights of gay, lesbian, and bisexual (GLB or LGB) people on Sahar vary extensively from country to country; in some, LGB people are considered entirely unremarkable; in others they are persecuted and can face harsh legal penalties; and in still others they might enjoy positions of high cultural esteem. This article is intended to give an overview of the legal status of, and societal attitudes towards, GLB individuals across the planet.

Laws that affect GLB people might include those on marriage and adoption, which can affect related areas such as familial medical insurance, right of attourney, and immigration sponsorship. Anti-discrimination laws may also ensure equality in housing, employment, immigration, and more, while protecting against hate speech or physical violence. Many other rights could be impacted as well, such as the right to vote, run for office, work with children, or more.

Countries may have specific laws that apply to LGB tourists but not residents. Some laws might also only apply to men or women (or other genders).

Note that LGB rights may or may not differ from transgender rights, depending in part on that country or society's legal gender system.

Countries by LGB rights

This list is divided into two categories based on the overall situation for LGB residents or visitors: Safe or Dangerous.

"Safe" states are countries where LGB individuals are not typically at risk of physical violence or significant discrimination that could lead to loss of housing or employment. These range from "pro-LGB states" (where LGB people have all the same rights as heterosexuals and where they are furthermore specifically protected by legislation such as anti-discrimination laws, hate crime laws, etc) to those which are more "neutral" (LGB people are generally protected, but might not have all the same rights, or might face minor day-to-day discrimination).

"Dangerous" states have strongly discriminatory laws, criminalizing same-sex activity, possibly with severe penalties (fines, imprisonment, or even death), and are overall dangerous places for LGB individuals to live or visit. This category should include states which are de jure safe for GLB people, but where homophobic violence is nonetheless prevalent. Pro-GLB states would probably have specific travel advisories for their GLB citizens against visiting these countries.

If a country is dangerous for only some GLB sub-groups (e.g. perhaps only gay men), or for tourists but not residents (or vice-versa), it should still be listed in the Dangerous section.

Safe states

Miraria

Achiyitqana

Achiyitqana does not have a legal gender/sex system. For this reason, it would not be possible to have laws concerning discrimination against or protection for people in same-sex partnerships. General laws against violence, hate speech, and defamation protect against most instances of homophobia or biphobia, but would not counteract discrimination in cases of housing or employment.

Marriage rights are technically equal to those of different-sex couples, in that marriage is not a legally recognized phenomenon in Achiyitqana, so nobody can be married.

Adoption rights are also equal. Any individual or group of co-habiting people is able to adopt children, provided that they meet other (non-sexuality-related) criteria set forth by the Achiyitqan government.

Quaxin Xun

Same-sex relationships (between two men and two women, not including third gender people) are tolerated but up until fairly recently, were not accorded legal status. Two men, or two women, could be sleeping together, living together, or even raising a kid together, but legally, they weren't married, and any children were considered only the child of the biological parent. However, gay, lesbian, and bisexual men and women were not subject to violence, legal persecution (after the legal reforms of the 19th century), or significant social stigma. Same-sex relationships were generally looked on with pity, as a sort of temporary madness or frivolity that afflicted widows and widowers, or people who had been abandoned by their spouse. but few serious attempts had been made to ever extinguish this behavior. When the concept of psychiatry reached Quaxin Xun, there was a sort of conversion therapy for this "disorder", but it has been increasingly rare for the past several decades.

Baredina

Nevira

All couples of any gender (Nevira recognizes four) have equal rights in marriage, adoption, etc. The vast majority of the population is tolerant or supportive of same-gender couples, a cultural attitude which has survived relatively unchanged since the dawn of recorded history in the region.

The country is well-known to accept refugees fleeing from homophobic nations. As there is little to no native homophobia, events such as pride festivals did not occur for the majority of its history, but these are becoming more prevalent mostly within refugee and immigrant groups. Some larger cities have begun to capitalize on this as a source of tourism revenue by promoting the events internationally.

Tabiqa

Tabiqiri culturally and legally recognize four distinct genders. Some pairings which other societies would consider same-sex are considered perfectly normal and enshrined in Tabiqan culture and law as acceptable or even venerable; but others are not, and are culturally frowned upon. While GLB individuals in Tabiqa (residents or visitors) are safe from violent discrimination, they may face issues with regards to housing and employment.

Only some couples may legally marry or jointly adopt children. However, many jurisdictions have bylaws recognizing civil unions, honorary adoptions, or similar practices. There is a growing movement to expand the country's definition of marriage to be more like those of the Povan Union and Nevira.

Povan Union

All legal rights guaranteed to Povan couples, including marriage and adoption, apply to partners of the same or different biological sex and any of the four genders recognized by the Povan Union. The region of Tuyami has traditionally been supportive of same-sex couples, while elsewhere in the Union, attitudes often varied by location and time period. Today, LGB individuals are legally protected from all kinds of discrimination.

Traditionally in Povania, with the exception of Tuyami and its sphere of influence to its south, same-gender couples were forbidden, as were some different-gender couples. In the 19th century, all jurisdictions in Povania legalized marriage between any two individuals of opposite biological sex, with legalization of all same-sex marriages not occurring until after federalization.

Dangerous states

Boroso & Nagu

In Cananganam and Taanttu, same-sex relations are punishable by death. They are punishable by fine in Bavkirak.

In Mablag, same-sex relations are punishable by imprisonment, sometimes up to 50 years.

In the Fals Empire, same-sex relations are illegal and punishable by substantial fines, but this rarely occurs. However, punishment in the social circle is frequently far more severe due to strict religious views on homosexuality, and may include banishment, corporal punishment, or death. Such punishments are often ignored by law enforcement, which has often come up as a point of criticism by the international community.

In Yakormonyo, gender expression is free and unrestricted; transsexuals however face severe social ridicule and same-sex marriage is illegal.

Miraria

In Komania homosexual activity may be punishable by imprisonment.

Baredina

In Notzel, while there are no laws punishing GLB people, same-sex couples can’t marry, and GLB people may face social pressure.

See also