Harish people

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Harish people
Total population
38,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Tzulhon
Languages
Harish language
Religion
Indigenous religion
Related ethnic groups
other peoples in the Dragon Sea

The Harish people(Harish: Hartor, also Harisko Omo) is a major group in Tzulhon. It is estimated that there are about 38,000,000 self-designated Harish people in the world.

The name of Harish people is from Hareland(Harish: Harhon), and the Harish word Har is probably an exonym originated from Niplandish har "there".

History

Harish people originated from Hareland, a region in north-eastern Tzulhon, before the common era, they had several city states.

In the 7th century, a city state called Tzulkeyo unified the whole area of Hareland, and formed Republic of Hareland. Republic of Hareland unified the Tzulhon main island during the 11th century, and later in the 16th centry, Republic of Hareland unified the Tzulhon islands, creating the fist unified state of Tzulhon islands, and then the government of Republic of Hareland renamed the country to the Federal Republic of Tzulhon, to reflect the fact that the government no longer only governs Hareland but governs the whole area of Tzulhon islands.

Following the expansion of the Republic of Hareland, Harish people also spreaded throughout the islands and has become a major ethnic group of Tzulhon since the 16th century.

Physiology

Physiologically Harish people is somewhat mixed, the look of some Harish people resembles those of mainland Soltennans, while the look of some other Harish people resembles those of Naguans and Upper Borosoans.

Culture

Language

The Harish language is the traditional language of Harish people, it has become the de facto official language of Tzulhon.

Lifestyle

Before the industrialization of Tzulhon, Harish people were agrarian, Subsistence farming was the main lifestyle of most Harish people, potatoes, wheat and barley are the main staple food of Harish people.

People living by the sea might make a living by fishing, and in Harish society, fishing is a realm traditionally exclusive to males, females in the past were not allowed to go fishing or diving.

Food

Traditionally Harish people eat potatoes and grains. Potatoes, wheat and barley are the staple food among them. Meat is an important part of their diet and is highly valued in Harish cuisine.

Traditional Harish dishes include fish and chips, sandwiches and vegetable salad.

Family Structure

All societies have families, and nuclear families consisting of a father, a mother and the biological children of both sexes of the mother exist in all societies, either as the most prevalent form of family or as a part of an extended family.

The Harish society is traditionally divided into clans, and each family belongs to a clan, clans serve as a way to determine the ancestry of a person, and as a factor to determine if a marriage would be legal, marrying people belonging to the same clan with the same surname is seen as incest, and incest is a taboo in Harish society, as in most other societies. Traditional families of the Harish people are extended family consisting of parents, their children and other relatives, and the oldest member, usually the oldest female, is the leader of the family and has the authority to make decisions that would affect most members of the family like marriage, adoption, and the acquisition or transferral of familial properties; however, mostly, the leader of the family would discuss with all other family members before making final decisions. In modern Harish society, however, as a result of industrialization and urbanization, nuclear family are becoming more common.

The stove, which is used for cooking, is seen as a symbol of the family, it is traditionally seen as the centre of the family and the family house. Traditionally, when a new family is formed, the stove is often the first thing set up, and further extensions of the house often surround the stove, using the stove as the centre; also, brides and newborn children must eat food(usually rice or porridge made of rice, wheat or barley) cooked by the stove before being formally seen as the part of a family.

Customs

Rites

Marriage

All societies have marriage in the sense of culturally recognised union between people, so does Harish people. Harish people are mostly monogamous, but in the past some males of the upper classes might have concubines; besides, Harish people perform exogamy, people of the same ancestry don't marry each other, marriage between two people with the same ancestry is seen as incest, and incest is a taboo among Harish people.

Traditionally Harish people perform arranged marriage, arranged marriage is the norm of Harish people and marriage is seen as a matter between two families rather than two individuals. Traditionally Harish people think marriage out of love is unstable and bad, and are often made out of impulse, but as marriage is a matter between two families rather than two individuals, it cannot be made out of impulse and must be discussed with the whole family and the final decision should be made by someone with authority in the family, usually the oldest male and female of the family; however, in recent years, due to industrialization, marriage out of love is becoming more and more common among people under 50.

Funeral

Burial is the most common way to handle the body of the deceased; however, cremation is gaining popularity in recent years.

Before the body of a person is buried or cremated, his or her relatives gather together in his or her house, mourning his or her death; besides, the body of a person can only be buried or cremated after it is sure that he or she is dead. Before the advent of modern medicine, the body is required to be placed at home for at least three days before the burial or cremation, this is to make sure that the person is really dead, and is to make sure his or her relatives can have time to make a last visit to him or her.

Inheritance rule

In the society of Harish people, when a couple dies, the norm for inheritance is that their estate are divided equally between their male children; however, in recent years, due to the gender equality in the law, female children of a couple have gained the same rights as their brothers in the law, which has caused some disputes in the court.

In the past when hereditary titles existed, the oldest son of the family inherited the title, but he also had a duty of helping all his siblings for everything.

Naming Traditions

Almost all societies use personal names to identify its members, Harish people are no exception to this.

Before the contact with Kwang peoples, Harish people did not use surnames; and even after the contacts with Kwang peoples, only people of the elite classes had surnames before the 19th century. The use of surnames only became common among the population in the late 19th century.

Before 1980s, virtually every Harish people used a Kwang style name with elements drawn from Middle Kwang; However, since 1980s, some parents started to use native or nativized Harish words to name their children, but the vast majority of the population still give Kwang-origin names to their children.

Religion

Traditional belief among Harish people is animistic in nature, deities from Qonklaks, Camic and Dhwer are venerated along with native deities. Legend has it that before the formation of Republic of Hareland, some Harish city-states once performed human sacrifice, but this can't be confirmed.

Harish people believe that their ancestors are from "the world above clouds", and clouds(or the world above clouds) play an important role in mythologies and folklores of the Harish people. It is believed that the mythology of the world above clouds has some of its roots in pre-Tzulhonic peoples in Tzulhon.

Architecture

Qonklese architecture has a strong influence on the architecture of Tzulhon, in the pre-modern era, public buildings in Tzulhon often showed Qonklese influences, but not many instances of Qonklese-influenced buildings survive today.

Traditional vernacular buildings are usually made of wood, with a straw roof and an elevated wooden floor, with parts of the floor being made of dirt. The areas with elevated wooden floors is used for the living space, and the dirt floor area is for the entrance, the kitchen and the workspace, and is also used to store working tools. In a traditional house of Harish people, the toilet is usually separated from the house and is in a shed outside of the house. Traditional toilets usually usually consist of a pit in a small shed with a dirt floor. Before the 20th century, roof tiles were usually only seen in house of rich people and in public bulidings, roof tiles only became common in urban areas in the latter half of the 20th century, and even in modern times, most houses in rural areas still have a straw roof.

In a traditional house, the kitchen usually has a dirt floor and the stove is placed at the centre of the dirt floor area, this is to prevent fire from burning all of the house; and as stated in the section of family, the stove is at the centre of a house of an extended family, as it signifies the whole family. Some small houses have the entrance and the kitchen being in the same area, but for larger houses, the entrance is usually separated from the kitchen.

See Also