History of Cananganam
The History of Cananganam, taken to include Pre-Asuranesian peoples such as prehistoric TBA and TBA periods, spans the 2nd Millennia BCE into the present day. Several periods predominated Cananganam, leading to dramatic shifts in the demographics of the region, with Cananganam historically having been a major power of the Eastern Asura, reaching as far west as Jute and to Letzia in the East, as far north as Atsiq and as far south as Yahara. The impact of Cananganam led to several developments of Boroso and Nagu as independent continents from the rest of Sahar.
The first settlement in Cananganam was Biktuva, having been founded in the 3rd Millennia BCE. The Cananganamese had believed in various deities, in a cosmopolitan fashion, seeing all Gods as just their own, with heavy distinction between the village spirits and the spirits of the land. The first people believed to have inhabited Biktuva were of the TBD culture, having influenced much of the Canamic groups that immigrated into the region by the 2nd Millennia BCE. Historical records of the earliest settlements are limited as much of the settlements predate complex writing in the region by a millennia, leaving much of their origins and their people to mythology.
Rise of the Titpyas
The idea of a singular Cananganam did not exist until the proclamation of the First Khluhmamatsree, Kutuntsree, who in 461 BCE declared the first Shrenasahkarutsree, a term which originally meant "reconquest through willpower" though is commonly translated as a crusade or reconquest. His first declaration was that the kingdom was at threat by the invading tribes from the north, and therefore needed to consolidate the Canamic realms. Having gathered 30,000 warriors, he reconquered the city state kingdom of Munasah in the Dry Season of 459 BCE, having managed to beat the enemy army to the city, he lured the Munasah garrison into a sallying attack that had left the gate open as he battled Munasah's army outside of the city walls. Having left the city undefended, Kutuntsree's general Umbrhasah led a flanking maneuver to take the gate and ravaged the city, putting many of the non-Canamic citizens to the sword. The city itself then had its walls destroyed and Kutuntsree ordered the settlement of the city by some of his wounded warriors through the means of appropriating land to guarantee the region's loyalty. Next in Kutuntsree's expansion was to secure the cities of Bibbih and Saggah. Bibbih itself had fallen in 458 and Saggah itself would fall in 457, securing much of the coast and the trade along the Saku Strait.
Kutuntsree's early conquests were not limited to the mainland as at the same time of his mainland expansions, he had organized a second army under Ohyarantsree which in turn, expanded the boundaries of the city of Saku, mostly to expel local tribes which had raided the local farmland for several hundred years. This culminated in the Battle of Suttesa, where Ohyarantsree routed the Littoro tribesmen who were lightly armored against the Canamic heavy infantry. These campaigns were swift and involved the subjugation of the tribes which were led by Nultsrahtsree, wherein his own tribe was taken into slavery as the first annual tribute, while the other tribes would be forced to pay roughly 50 units of jade, as the tribes themselves were left devastated by the war and Ohyarantsree's slash-and-burn policy, meant to draw out the natives from their villages. Kutuntsree's conquests were successful, allowing him to begin further policies of expansionism for Cananganam, though his most notable action was his intent of twisting Canamic religion to allow for the introduction of a God-Emperor role, where he used his role as Great Speaker to become the oracle of the Canamic pantheon, wherein all religious authority was required to pass through the Speaker's word. As a result, his efforts to centralize and formally introduce a precedent in that he would disinherit his sons as he was proof of divine blood for his conquests, justifying his victories of proof of his infallibility as a descendant of the Sun God. Manipulating the religious and cultural significance of various sites, he has solidified his legacy within Canamic history. The most notable was his reluctance to commit to a hereditary system, and breaking precedence with previous rulers, said that he will reincarnate and that he will reincarnate within the Canamic lands, to lead his legacy further. Once this was achieved, Kutuntsree began the process of annexing the Littoro peoples on the main island of Cananganam, though his policies were initially harsh and received some backlash from citizens in Saku. While he'd refuse any acknowledgement of harm his policies he had, he did slowly reduce the harsh treatment applied upon the Littoro tribes. The tribes would eventually be annexed by 421 BCE while his successor while still a child.
Through religious fervor upon his death in 434 BCE, led to the discovery of a child believed to be the reincarnation of Kutuntsree, wherein he took the new name Turatsree, meaning to "act in a cycle". This era began with Kutuntsree's generals raising the child emperor as a conqueror, with emphasis on religious fervor being the main principle behind these policies and ambitions. Turatsree happened to be the perfect candidate as Turatsree was claimed to be around 2.25m tall, which through luck, managed to be the perfect symbol for such ambitions of Canamic unity. By the time he was 16, he was already leading his first campaign against the Sabhatsrihu dynasties in the northwest, securing more of the coastline. In combination of intending to achieve more than his predecessor had, Turatsree began the Second Shrenasahkarutsree, with the goal of subjugating all Camic lands to the North as many of his political enemies who opposed the religious system fled into their territories. During the Battle of Sufa, Turatsree led his men personally, and captured King Dhunharee in 412. Instead of granting mercy to the monarch as was customary in Asuranesian society, Turatsree had the King beheaded and the skin flayed to be a reminder to the Camics as to what would be expected if they resisted. This, however, led only to further resistance and the Ankitata Wars had begun, with the Camic kingdoms uniting against the self-proclaimed Canamic God-Emperor. The war would be bloody and some 150,000 are estimated to have died during the conflict, with entire cities being destroyed out during the fighting. In the end, the Canamic Emperor decisively beaten King Tacan, the leader of the Ankitata coalition. Turatsree, did not capture him, however, and the an uneasy truce existed for several years, before fighting once again broke out. For another two years the fighting continued, and it seemed the region would collapse to the infighting. The Camics, running out of soldiers and much of their people being affected by the war, invited the Gyailic peoples to settle their lands in return for taxes and militia levies for their war effort. This however, would be their undoing as the Gyailic tribes which settled formed their own kingdoms and refused to abide by the treaties agreed upon. As they realized their situation hopeless, they retreated all forces still loyal to them to the north of Sagghasa, where they were to make a last stand in the fortified region of Shvasah. Their resistance would last another 150 years despite the immense setbacks from the beginning of the war, and the loss of 70% of their territory and 90% of their population to Canamic occupation.
Turatsree himself led the repurcussions against the Camic peoples, but most notably awarded the Gyailic leaders for refusing the Camic nobles' demands, proclaiming their intervention as pre-planned on his part. As a result, many Gyailic leaders and landowners would be granted favorable positions of power within Canamic society, as they'd replace the now defunct Camic nobility. Turatsree, in effect, declared there would be five castes of Canamic society to apply to his now victorious situation. These five castes would be organized to determine the rights of all within his society, and to better create laws pertaining to his newly conquered subjects. Wishing to somewhat ease the tension that the now diminished Camic peoples had towards the Canamic lord, he accepted most of them as members of the free caste known as the Umbrha, which most Canamic citizens would also be a part of. For the Canamic based nobility, they would be the Ohyarantsree, while the newly added Gyailic nobles would be permitted to use the name Kegyai, itself a loanword from the Classical Gyailic language meaning "clothed person". Turatsree would then pursue a policy of slowly building a navy, intent on expanding his conquest upon the continent of Boroso, but would die of unknown means in 382 BCE, with some scholars believing he died of either smallpox or malaria, but agree that it was likely a disease or poison to have been involved as many in the aristocracy were upset with the extent his conquests had gone, or were upset with his centralizing policies that threatened the Ohyarantsree's influence. Regardless, scholars believe it may have been that Cananganam itself was nearing bankruptcy from its campaigns and much of its manpower depleted.
Upon the selection of the third emperor, Bhyasatsree, had taken place. Though there were local conflicts with the newly established Kegyai caste, stability managed to reign during Bhyasatsree's upbringing, allowing for tensions to soothe while the realm recovered from the previous emperor's wars. The new emperor had power removed from him as his regent, Dasretsree, would begin the policy of shrenakarusramakitsree, wherein no caste but the Ohyarantsree and those of the Imperial family would be permitted to speak directly with the Emperor. This led to a vast decentralization of Cananganam's society after the previous wars. The kingdom would be in a state of relative peace, despite sporadic conflicts against the remaining Camic nobles. Under the advice of his regent, Bhyasatsree would begin a policy known as binamasatsree, an edict that would remain in place until the 1800s CE. This policy required all villages to provide a teenage child to serve as a member of the Imperial Court as a hostage, wherein the hostage would be educated in Canamic matters and would be effectively servants of the Emperor. However, the result was that the villages who provided said child was at the whim of the Imperial court to taxation and that the failure to provide the yearly tithe would result in the execution of the child. Though, in most cases of favoritism of the child, the Emperor may provide exemptions and hide the survival of the child from the village as would be noted with the scholar, Hutsree, whose insights on the imperial court were preserved. The Camic nobility would slowly be absorbed by expanding Canamic colonies, though several cities would remain independent from Cananganam proper despite these territorial losses. Much of this period would otherwise, be missing from any traceable records making specific dates of conquest unreliable. It is generally accepted that the conquest of the Camic peoples was completed by roughly 319 BCE.
Much of the Jhasah period was relatively peaceful and saw a growth towards a more pacifistic policy instead of the previous militarism, likely inspired by the destruction of the region under the previous era. Theweric scholars and traders were invited to Cananganam, as Bhyasatsree and his successors began to view the progress of Cananganam as inferior in its development. Wanting to refine their society, these scholars brought with them Theweric agricultural ideas as well as the usage of paper-like materials which reformed Cananganam significantly in how its bureaucracy was developed. Records show early depictions of these events commonly and Cananganam saw itself enter a renaissance of art and literature during this period. Cananganam's golden age had begun with the Imperial family lavishing upon the fruits of its culture. This period would last until roughly the 130s CE when the conquest of Cananganam was completed. Many great works were completed during this time such as the Grand Palace of Ukheesatsree, and the 45 jade statues of Kutuntsree where 14 of these statues still survive to this day, having been relocated to various temples for their preservation. The most notable of these wonders, however, is the Imperial Gardens of Munasah, where it features some of Cananganam's first attempts with plumbing systems and aqueducts. Historically, this garden dominated much of Munasah in sheer height, as the terrace system featured waters which were artificially formed into streams, bearing nourishment for several planting areas for various flowers and fruit bearing trees, wherein the water would eventually pour into various water systems that citizens were permitted to take for their own use.
During this period, watermills were introduced from Dhwer which significantly improved Cananganam's amaranth production from a meager 150,000 tons of amaranth into a staggering 675,000 tons of amaranth per year by 300 CE. This had led to Cananganam's number of households increasing to a total of 3 Million as Cananganam's agriculture improved. This population figure would reach its peak by 500 CE and be roughly maintained until the Industrialization Era. Cananganamese artisanal works are found in increasing significance as far East as Letsatia as trade began to spread, with trade manuscripts having been found describing the scale of which natron was traded from regions in the modern southern half of Lhavres, with some 15 tonnes of natron being traded annually with Cananganamese traders for the production of glasswares which were either sold domestically or exchanged abroad for various goods such as cloths and silks.