|This article or section is out of date. The country/countries relevant to this article have been removed from Sahar and have been retconned. Everything here can be considered non-canonical. |
|Republic of Lakeland
Hux Kham Mlu Hlu
|Motto: Hlim Tu Mlu(Peace and People)|
71,648 sq mi
Hux Kham, officially the Republic of Hux Kham (Hux Kham language: Hux Kham Mlu Hlu /xuʔ kʰam məlu xlu/), is a sovereign state located in Soltenna that is bordered by North Qonklaks and Riyana to the south and Liosol to the east. Comprising the northwestern portion of the Lake Soltenna Basin, Hux Kham's territory is divided to five provinces with one capital district. Hux Kham is home to around 17 million people with the highest concentration in regions near Lake Soltenna and near the capital city Hux Mlak.
The name of Republic of Hux Kham is from Hux Kham, which means "the Land of the Lake/Lakes" or "Lakeland" in the Hux Kham language.
It is believed that the ancestors of Hux Kham moved from the west to the modern day location in about 50 BCE, and whether modern-day Hux Kham people existed in the area of modern Hux Kham is still a question.
Modern-day Hux Kham was formed in about 1100 by the king Truk-sa on parts of the Mroksakh Empire, after the Mroksakh Empire had been disintegrated in 1089.
The first known Hux Khamic empire is the Mroksakh Empire, whose founders are ethnically Mroksakh. The empire lasted for long, until it was collapsed on 1089. Later, on the 12th century AD, ethnic Hux Khams under the leadership of Truk-sa built a new kingdom over the territory of modern Hux Kham, known as the Truk-sa Dynasty. The dynasty is the first in Hux Kham to be led by ethnic Hux Khams. This brought in an influx of immigrating ethnic Hux Khams, as they are subject to discrimination by the neighboring kingdoms.
Hux Kham's territorial borders hardly changes since the formation of the Truk-sa dynasty. Its government encouraged immigration of Proto-Hux Khams into the kingdom, thus giving a relatively high population growth for Hux Kham. Truk-sa Dynasty stood well for about 300 years, until in 1405 when the monarchy at the time was overthrown by Bang-mo.
The overthrow caused the Truk-sa Dynasty to collapse, which in turn prompted Hux Khams to migrate into the surrounding regions, with most going to the area now known as Qonklaks and Thejklaks. However, Hux Khams are then subjected into discrimination in these regions, prompting Hux Khams to eventually move out to Ebo Nganagam in Baredina. These groups are then later known as the "Sailors".
Bang-mo's rule was eventually short-lived, as his son killed and overthrew him. Hux Kham then proceeded to have 16 another short-lived dynasties until 1601, when I-mak founded and solidified its dynasty.
The I-mak dynasty is challenged by the rising idea of the "Republic of Hux Kham" in the early 19th century and the dynasty's high levels of corruption and inequality. At the time, there was a large gap between the free and tax-exempt noble class and the less free and taxed common class. This caused the common class to dissent the I-mak administration, and revolts emerge. Initially, the dynasty was still able to suppress the commoners' revolts, with one of the measures being the imposition of higher commoner taxes. However, in 1848, the dynasty was outpowered and eventually overthrown by the common class, thus ending the dynastic era of Hux Kham, and started the modern Republic of Hux Kham.
In 1848, the I-mak dynasty was overthrown and Hux Kham becames a republic, and the tributary relationship between Qonklaks and Hux Kham ended because of the nationalistic tendency of the new government. There were no famines or natural disasters in Hux Kham during the early 19th century, revolution happened because people became very angry to the king. According to the history, the revolution was caused by words said by the king in 1847, the king of Hux Kham at that time told his officials that "The proper way to govern is to ensure that peasants don't accumulate wealth yet don't starve either." An official wrote it down and noticed that "I supposed that the main purpose of the government is to make anyone as wealth as possible, isn't it?" Later, what the official had written was known by the public, then it enraged the people a lot, eventually it caused a revolution overthrowing monarchy in Hux Kham..
Hux Kham had a very large economic inequality in the mid 19th century because local nobilities had lots of lands as a part of feudal privileges, it is estimated that nobilities only consisted of 10 percent of the total population, but they had more than 70 percent of all arable lands, including almost all most fertile lands, in Hux Kham at the same time, which triggered the needs of land reform after the formation of the republic; however, land reform enraged the nobilities who were landlords at that time, and it is generally thought that the First Civil War of Hux Kham, which broke out on 1st April, 1850, was triggered by attempts of land reforms.
Most of the land of Hux Kham are plains, with the Lake Soltenna (called Wan Hux in the Hux Kham language) in the south and the Smoky Mountains (called Dar Khin in the Hux Kham language) in the west west.
Most parts of Hux Kham have a humid continental climate, that means, it has a deep contrast between different seasons, with a warm or hot summer and a cold winter, and the precipitation is well distributed, like much of the eastern Europe.
Republic of Hux Kham is a parliamentary republic with a unicameral parliamentary system. The head of state is president, the term of office for president is 5 years, and can only serve two terms. The president of Hux Kham is elected by the parliament and is purely ceremonial, and there's a ban that the president and the prime minister could not be the same person or from the same family.
Currently, the largest parties are the right-wing Lakelander Party and the left-wing People's party, there are also smaller but significant parties like the Nationalist party(right wing), Democratic party(centralist with a right wing tendency), Progressive party(centralist with a left wing tendency), Environmentalist party(left wing), Republican party(right wing), Fundamental Socialism party(far left wing), etc.
The constitutional law of Hux Kham guarantees freedom of speech and freedom of religion, and there are no known cases of human right violations by the government in recent 50 years, and it is generally agree that the government has effective control over the country.
There are some known laws in Hux Kham, such as the food littering ban. The food littering ban, for example, bans trashing of edible and unsold food, unless if the food became inedible, most commonly due to time. The food littering ban makes it a common practice for eateries to fine customers who "waste" food.
Hux Kham is divided into five provinces(Wan Tham) and the Hux Mlak Capital District. Below are the names of the provinces:
- A: The Lake Province(Hux Kham: Hux Wan Tham), provincial capital: Nwem Kham
- B: The Mountain Province(Hux Kham: Khin Wan Tham), provincial capital: Khin Mlak
- C: The Southwest Province(Hux Kham: Zrak-Hyak Wan Tham), provincial capital: (TBD)
- D: The West Province(Hux Kham: Zrak Wan Tham), provincial capital: (TBD)
- E: The North Province(Hux Kham: Thum Wan Tham), provincial capital: (TBD)
Due to the historical relationship between Republic of Hux Kham and the former elites of the Confederation of Ebo Nganagam, Republic of Hux Kham frequently give goods and materials and send professionals of various fields to help the development of the Confederation of Ebo Nganagam.
Hux Kham is a developed country, as much of urban Hux Khams live a high-standard life. Rural regions, however, given the remoteness and geographic extremes, lacks contact with industrialization.
Notable Hux Kham products are horses, automobiles, industrial machines and food. Horses in Hux Kham are traditionally known as one of Sahar's best horse breeds. Hux Kham is also notable for its growing automobile industry. However, agriculture remains one of the dominant contributors of Hux Kham economy, as Hux Kham's high agricultural output as well as technological advents made it one of the largest producers of food per capita and one of the largest exporters of food in Sahar.
Theoretically, Hux Kham has a market economy, but while most parts of the economy are private-owned, the government of Hux Kham involves in a considerable part of the economy and is often the largest stockholder of most large companies in Hux Kham, and as a result, Hux Kham is seen as having a mixed economy.
Following the end of the Great Ekuosian War, Hux Kham experienced a period of rapid industrialization. One of the fastest growing industries in Hux Kham at the time is the automobile industry. The period saw Soltennan auto companies finding countries with cheap labor for their automobile manufacturing facility, and Hux Kham became their ideal location. In the process, the transfer of technology saw rise of Hux Kham auto companies, like KingEn.
These rapid industrialization brought economic growth with it, on both sides. Foreign companies expand, and Hux Kham turns into a developed country. The rapid economic growth declined in the 1970s, as average wages significantly rise and local demands for certain industries, like automobiles, fall. This opted both Hux Kham and foreign companies to move out of Hux Kham, expecting lower wage rates and larger markets. Consequentially, much of the companies that used to house in Hux Kham left the Hux Kham market almost entirely, in favor of countries like Algador, and in rarer cases, Myak Kham.
Despite its mountainous terrain, Hux Kham has a developed traffic network, there are six major highways and seven major railway lines, and much more minor traffic lines.
There are two major international airports in Hux Kham: the Hux Mlak International Airport near the city of Hux Mlak, the national capital of Hux Kham, and the Zrak Hux International Airport near the cty of Zrak Hux.
Thanks to its mountainous terrains, nearly half of all electricities in the country are provided by hydropower; however, nuclear power and thermal power are also important.
In recent years, the government has planned to build wind farms, solar power stations and biomass plants to reduce the use of fossil fuels.
Science and technology
According to official statistics from 2016, there are around 4.5 million tourists visiting Hux Kham every year. However, the numbers often stagnate as tourism economy in Hux Kham is often viewed as "not promising", and the fact that Hux Kham's tourism sector is challenged by larger, neighboring countries. The government has plans to expand tourism in Hux Kham as a part of the government's "economic diversification".
Most people who visit Hux Kham are businesspeople and professional workers, there are not many tourists, business travel is more common than pure tourism in Hux Kham.
Republic of Hux Kham is a human country, more than 99% of the population are human beings. Among human beings of Republic of Hux Kham, 95% of them are Lakelanders, or the Hux Kham people; besides, the largest minority group in Hux Kham is the Likepeg people, then the Kwax Mzrulu ("The Returnees", they are Ebo Nganagam Hux Kham people who moved back to Republic of Hux Kham), Qonklese people and Riyan people.
Traditionally, Republic of Hux Kham is seen as a homogenous country by most of its people, but as more research has been done, this claim has been challenged, especially after the fact that Hux Kham people once had a large-scale intermarriage with other human ethnic groups in Western Miraria has been found.
About 81% of the population live in cities, among the cities, the largest one is the City of Hux Mlak, which is also the capital city of the Republic of Hux Kham. there are 1,495,243 people living in the City of Hux Mlak.
The second largest city is the City of Nwem Kham, it is located at the mid-north part of the Republic of Hux Kham. The population of the City of Nwem Kham is 751,322.
The third largest city is the the City of Mlux Thar, it is located at the north of the City of Hux Mlak and is a part of the Metropolis of Hux Mlak. The population of the the City of Mlux Thar is 500,112.
The Hux Kham language is the official langauge of Republic of Hux Kham, and is spoken by more than 95% of the total population as their mother tongue, however, the Hux Kham language is not a monolithic language, it has at least several forms:
- Classical Hux Kham - the language of culture and classical literature. Classical Hux Kham is still used as the written standard of the Hux Kham language.
- Modern Standard Hux Kham - the modern standard form of the Hux Kham language, it is the official language of Republic of Hux Kham, and is the most widely used form in formal cases. Usually, when one talks about "Hux Kham language", one means Modern Standard Hux Kham.
Besides Classical Hux Kham and Modern Standard Hux Kham, there are at least two dialects of the modern Hux Kham language:
- Southern Hux Kham dialect - a dialect of the Hux Kham language, used in southern parts of Republic of Hux Kham and is the basis of Modern Standard Hux Kham.
- Northern Hux Kham dialect - a dialect of the Hux Kham language, used in northern parts of Republic of Hux Kham, it has developed tones, which are evolved from glottal endings that are preserved in the Southern dialect.
Besides the Hux Kham language, there are several other languages spoken in the Republic of Hux Kham, for example, languages spoken by indigenous groups, like the Kni Yam language, and languages spoken by immigrants.
Hux Kham has compulsory education, education is free and compulsory for every child aged 6-14, senior high schools and higher education are also free, but not compulsory; nonetheless, nowadays more than 90% of the population have high school diploma, and more than 20% of the population have a master's degree or higher.
In Hux Kham, elementary school is six years, junior high school is three years and senior high school is three years. There are two kinds of senior high schools in Hux Kham: gerneral high school(GHS) and vocational high school(VHS). Although 95% of all junior high school graduates go to senior high schools, only about 15% of them go to GHS, the other 85% go to VHS. Only junior high school graduates whose total school grades are among the top 5% in their own school can enter GHS directly without taking tests, other junior high school graduates must take the Gerneral High School Entrance Exam(GHSEE) if they want to enter GHS; on the other hand, there are no tests for the entrance of VHS, any junior high school graduates can enroll to VHS freely. Students going to VHS generally join the workforce immediately after graduation; students going to GHS usually continue their education after graduation.
There are wo types of VHS in Hux Kham: three-year VHS and five-year VHS, students entering three-year VHS get a high school degree, and students entering five-year VHS get an associate degree, students who graduate from GHS or three-year VHS can enter the fourth grade of a five-year VHS. The status of associate degree is high than a high school degree, but is lower than any degrees of higher education.(the bachlor's degree, the master's degree, the post-graduate professional degree and the doctoral degree) It is not uncommon for GHS graduates who don't have enough abilities to enter universities to enter the fourth grade of a five-year VHS, studying there for two years and get an associate degree.
Colleges and universities are equivalent in Hux Kham, there are no distinctions between them, and all colleges in Hux Kham are universities. In Hux Kham, only GHS graduates whose total school grades or mathematical grades are among the top 10% in their own schools can enter universities directly, and other students graduating from high schools must take the University Entrance Exam(UEE), and the chance to pass the UEE is low, as UEE is pretty hard for most high school graduates; besides, since 1990s, people with at least one year of full time work experience can also apply for the enrollment of an university even without a high school diploma, and the test for people with at least one year of full time work experience, called the University Entrance Exam for Non-Graduates(UEENG), is much simpler, and as a result, most university students in Hux Kham nowadays enroll to universities through the UEENG.
In Hux Kham, universities don't award students a bachlor's degree(although the government and the ministry of education recognizes the bachlor's degree bestowed in foreign universities), they only bestow master's degrees, post-graduate professional degrees and doctoral degrees, and it usually takes a student six years in Hux Kham to finish university and get a master's degree. In Hux Kham, universities are free in the first six years; however, students need to pay a certain amount of tuition each semester since their seventh year in university. Being unable to pay the tuition, committing a felony involving violence(e.g. rape) or corruption(bribery, etc.) and serious or repetitive academic misconduct(e.g. plagiarism) are the only reasons a college can expel a student according to the law, it is uncommon for colleges in Hux Kham to expel a student, and most expelled college students are due to financial reasons.
University students in Hux Kham are required to write a dissertation for the master's degree before graduation, and in most cases, they need to write one or more theses before they can finally start their dissertations for the degree; after having a master's degree, one can choose to study for a doctoral degree in universities, but again, one needs to write a dissertation for the doctoral degree, and before one is allowed to write their dissertation for the doctoral degree, they need to write at least one to three(mostly three, sometimes more) theses with the quality of a dissertation for the master's degree. Most Universities in Hux Kham are public, actually, except for business schools, law schools and a medical school(the Nwem Medical School), all schools for higher education in Hux Kham are owned by the government.
The post-graduate professional degree is bestowed to students of certain professions like medicine, law, business(including financial and management) and education, it is higher than the master's degree but lower than the doctoral degree. Students studying for a post-graduate professional degree are not required to write a dessertation for their degree, but they still need to meet a certain criteria to get the degree; also, except for medical students, students of all post-graduate professional degrees are required to have at least two to five years of full-time work experience before they start their studies; students of medicine are required to have a master's degree in science. Students go to medical schools for post-graduate professional degrees of medicine; to law schools for post-graduate professional degrees of law; to business schools for post-graduate professional degrees of business; to normal schools for post-graduate professional degrees of education. All normal schools and most medical schools in Hux Kham are public; most business schools and law schools in Hux Kham are private.
GHSEE, UEE and UEENG are the most important way for schools to enroll new students, in Hux Kham, all GHS get most of their students through the GHSEE, and all colleges get most of their students through UEE and UEENG, there are no high schools and colleges that enroll their new students independently.
Although anyone can establish a new college, and colleges can expand their enrollments or set up new departments, it is very hard to do so, as one must sent applications for the establishment of a new college, the establishment of a new depart in a new college or the expansion of enrollments to the ministry of education and must receive an approval from the ministry, and it is known that the ministry of education in Hux Kham has a policy of controlling the number of college students, so they usually turn down the applications for the establishment of a new college, the establishment of a new depart in a new college or the expansion of enrollments, actually, there have been no new colleges or universities founded in Hux Kham since 1955, there have been no new departments in a college or university since 1953, either, and the enrollment of college students never grows significantly and the growth of enrollment is in accordance with the growth with the total population.
Traditionally, Hux Kham schools emphasize on rote learning, critical learning is often ignored; besides, because of the GHSEE and the UEE, high schools in Hux Kham are traditionally exam-oriented, both practices are harshly criticized by professionals. Although in recent years the education start to emphasize on treating every student fairly, the traditional exam-oriented teaching models that emphasize on rote learning still persist.
In Hux Kham, elementary school teachers and high school teachers must have a post-graduate professional degree in education, and to teach in universities, one needs a doctoral degree.
In Hux Kham, all publications are categorised according to their contents, this is not to defer anyone from publishing books, but to help readers know what books are about real science, and what are not.
The categories are listed below:
- "Non-Factual" - books that are not about history or science belong to this category and don't need labels. All fictions and religious books belong to this category.
- "Writings About Real Science" - scientific books that don't promote pseudoscience, obsolete theories or unproven hypotheses.
- "Writings About Unproven Hypotheses" - scientific books that don't promote pseudoscience or obsolete theories but is aimed to prove or disprove a scientifically unproven hypothesis.
- "Writings About Obsolete Scientific Theories" - scientific books that promote theories were once seen scientific but is disproven now, most historical scientific publications belong to this category, all books that are currently listed in the "Writings About Real Science" or "Writings About Unproven Hypotheses" categories may be listed in this category instead in the future; besides, books promoting racism, eugenics or other forms of inequality are included in the "Writings About Pseudoscience" instead.
- "Writings About Pseudoscience" - scientific books that promote pseudoscience, books promoting conspiracy theories, racism, sexism, eugenics, or books promoting denialism(behavior of denying a academically undisputed scientific consensus or a historical fact) are listed in this category.
There are similar labels for books dealing with history.
The health care system in Hux Kham is mainly government-funded, and there's a public medical insurance for every citizen in Hux Kham.
In Hux Kham, there are on average three doctors for every 1,000 people, medical doctors are highly respected in Hux Kham, the law restricts accusations against medical doctors, and it is almost impossible to accuse a doctor of negligent homicide; on the other hand, medical doctors must be certified(e.g. they need to have degrees from medical schools) so that they can legally diagnose and treat patients, and quackery(the promotion of fraudulent or ignorant medical practices, or under the law of Hux Kham, any medical practice performed by people without proper certifications) is a felony in Hux Kham, and the punishment of quackery is as serious as driving under the influence.
To become a medical doctor in Hux Kham, one must have a post-graduate professional degree in medicine and must have a License of Medical Doctors(LMD). one needs to take the LMD exam to get a LMD and only people with a post-graduate professional degree in medicine are allowed to take the LMD exam, and the term of LMD is 2 years, so medical doctors are required to take the LMD exam every two years to renew their licenses, and anyone that practices medicine without a proper degree or a proper license(or practices medicine with an expired license or a license not belonging to the right branch of medicine) is seen as a quack doctor.
The constitutional law of Hux Kham grants religion freedom, people have ther rights to choose their beliefs.
Most people in Hux Kham follow local traditional belief, however, about 1% of the total population practise Iovism. Iovism was introduced to Hux Kham during 1850s, because or the Iovist genocide happened during 1850s-1920s in Myak Kham.
Notably, there's a growing population or atheism and agnosticism, atheism and agnosticism have become two of the major beliefs in Hux Kham.
Compared to many other peoples around the world, Hux Kham people are actually more secular; however, the mainstream philosophy, sometimes the Tathangism, profoundly influences the society, and people are usually more tolerant to different believes; however, any religion whose contents contradict with Tathangism is frowned upon by most Hux Kham people and is often seen as an evil cult.
Compared to many countries, there are less famous Lakelanders worldwide, and thus the Republic of Hux Kham is sometimes called "The Land of Mediocre", probably it's partly due to its historical insignificance in Miraria and Sahar (except for some immigrants to Baredina), however, Hux Kham has its own language and its own culture.
Traditionally, Hux Kham culture is substantially influenced by Qonklaks, and in modern times, popular culture of Hux Kham is still strongly influenced by countries in the Soltenna area, especially Liosol, Herdek, Yerlan, and to a lesser extent, Qonklaks and Riyana, musics and animations from Liosol and Herdek and Yerlan are very popular in Hux Kham, and there are also communities for those from Qonklaks and Riyana.
Hux Kham architecture has absorbed elements from surrounding countries, but it has developed its own styles.
Traditional houses used by commoners in Hux Kham usually had a dirt floor, having a paved floor used to be a sign of wealth; however, modern buildings in Hux Kham usually have tilted floor, buildings with dirt floor have become increasingly rare, although they still exist.
In Hux Kham, Khin Mlak is known to be full of buildings built in traditional styles; however, larger cities surrounding the Lake Soltenna area and cities built after the 20th century, like most buildings in Hux Mlak, generally feature buildings with modern, international styles, which are often criticized as ugly and lacking of styles.
Hux Kham people have their own style of traditional clothings, however, during the times of the Truk-sa Dynasty and the I-mak Dynasty, aristocrats and people of the Mik Nlu class usually wore Qonklese clothings, and the traditional Hux Kham clothings were largely only worn by commoners and pariahs; actually, the use of Qonklese names and clothings were banned for commoners and pariahs during the Truk-sa Dynasty and I-mak Dynasty times.
This situation was changed in 1848 when Hux Kham became a republic, to promote nationalism, the republic government passed laws to promote traditional Hux Kham clothings and also passed bans on Qonklese clothings(this ban had virtually no effects on most people, as only nobilities and people of the Mik Nlu class wore Qonklese-style clothes) in 1848, and the ban on Qonklese clothings was not lifted until 1940, when Hux Kham was occupied by Qonklaks.
After 1950s, as a part of the modernization of the country, Hux Kham people started to shift to modern clothings like T-shirt and jeans, and nowadays they only wear traditional clothings in special occasions, although in the area surrounding the city of Khin Mlak, there's still a law requiring people to wear traditional clothings today.
Ze Uh, the Book of Knowledge, is one of the earliest written literature creation of the Hux Kham people, it records mythologies, beliefs, early history and various kinds of knowledge of the ancient Hux Kham people.
While there are not many worldwide famous writers, Hux Kham people traditionally can't stand novels using an overly colloquial and even vulgar lanugage, like most novels written by Kema Mi Amo writers, but in recent years, this kind of novel is being common in Hux Kham among younger generations, and older people often lament that the average ability to read in Hux Kham is becoming worse and worse.
Hux Kham has its own style of traditional art, but in the past, many nobilities and people of the Mik Nlu class also made Qonklese-style drawings and calligraphies.
Traditionally, people in Hux Kham prefer realistic arts, and cuteness is not a part of Hux Kham culture, and many people in Hux Kham find cuteness and visual arts(e.g. anime/cartoon, comics/manga, etc.) disturbing(except for satirical comics seen on magazines, newspapers, etc.) disturbing and sometimes offensive; however, in recent years, visual arts and creations containing elements of cuteness are becoming increasing popular, especially among younger generations(mostly people under 25) and translating these kinds of creations are becoming common.
Hux Kham music is not very different than surrounding countries like, say, Qonklaks, and is often criticized as lacking creativity, and it is a common practice to adapt foreign songs in Hux Kham.
The film industry in Hux Kham is small compared to its population, and Hux Kham people mostly watch movies imported from surrounding countries.
Traditiona Hux Kham cuisine can be divided into three systems: North Plain cuisines, Smoky Mountain cuisines, and the Lakeland Plain cuisines.
North Plain cuisines mainly consist of food made of vegetables and cereal grains.
Smoky Mountain cuisines generally consist of meat, as animal husbandry was the main livelihood there.
Lakeland Plain cuisines are somewhat similar to North Plain cuisines, but Lakeland Plain cuisines also consist of fish, and has influences from Riyana and Qonklaks cuisines.
Compared to its neighbourhoods, Hux Kham people are slightly more fond of outdoor activities, horseriding and hunting are pretty popular among Hux Kham people.
Hux Kham constitutional law bans the government to set up any national symbol, and the only approved offical symbolism of Hux Kham is its national motto "Hlim Tu Mlu"(Peace and People)
The flag of Hux Kham is not the official flag of Hux Kham by constitution, but rather a flag that is used in custody when a flag representing the country is needed; besides, Hux Kham does not have a national anthem, either, and the current version of the Hux Kham Constitutional Law states that "Except for the national motto, the government should not instate any national symbol, as there is nothing tangible that can represent the country, or the spirt of its people".
The national seal of Hux Kham is the symbol of the government, but its symbolism cannot be extended to the whole country and thus cannot be used as a national symbol.