| Tamir Khanate|
| . Qaz tamiryan . |
Qaz Tamiryan (Koman)
The Tamir Khanate c.1050
|•||700s-724||Qazşam Qashir (first)|
|•||1202-1220||Tamaghli Qamaşan (last)|
|Historical era||Middle Ages|
|Today part of|
|Warning: Value not specified for "continent"|
The Tamir Khanate was a medieval Vaniuan state formed by a collection of aligned tribes and ruled under several dynasties by the Kalkali people in the area between the Miralayas and west Vaniua over the Golden Steppes. From the beginning of the 8th century to the 13th century, it existed as a tribal confederation and later as a Khanate until its fall around 1220.
The name Kalkali is thought to be of pre-Vaniuan origin as suggested by several scholars, as stated by the renown linguist Bashagh shehli, with the support of several historical sources, it is can be assumed to be a compound of the words Kal(i) and Kal, with the hypothesised meaning of "from the Kali" or "of the Kali". It has been known to be used as an ethnonym for Kalkalic peoples as far back as 100 AD.
The Kalkali Khanate originated as a tribal union of 6 tribes. These originated from the eastern steppes of northern Vaniua, which according to the book of "Ēmēşh-e Bēşom" Winds of the North (c.1344) migrated westwards after the fragmentation of the Qom confederation. Driven by the Golden Steppes these tribes came to establish the city of Sherwan which at the time served as a military camp. Under the rule of the warlord Qāshir the khanate came to conquer three-thirds of northern Vaniua, a task that remained priority by its following rulers.