Manean language
Manean  

Mani  
Pronunciation  /mæni/ 
Language family  Ngerupic

Early forms:  
CWS code  – 
Manean is the official language of Manea and is spoken alongside other languages of Manea.
Classification
Manean is a Ngerupic language which is descended from Mañi. It is closely related to Awatese.
History
Phonology and Orthography
Manean is characterized by a strange phonology for a Ngerupic language.
Phonemes
Consonants
Labial  Coronal  Palatal  Velar  

Nasal  m ⟨m⟩  n ⟨n⟩  ŋ ⟨ng⟩  
Plosive  t ⟨t⟩  k ⟨k⟩  
Voiceless Continuant  ɸ ⟨f⟩  ʃ ⟨x⟩  h ⟨h⟩  
Voiced Continuant  β ⟨v⟩  ð ⟨d⟩  
Approximant  l ⟨l⟩  j ⟨y⟩  
Rhotic  r ⟨r⟩ 
Vowels
Front  Back  

Close  i ⟨i⟩  u ⟨u⟩ 
Mid  e ⟨e⟩  o ⟨o⟩ 
Open  æ ⟨a⟩  a ⟨ą⟩ 
Phonotactics
Morphology and syntax
Vocabulary
Numerals
Numerals in Manean are complex, each having three forms differing in usage. These usages vary considerable among speakers, but the most common usages are enumerated below.
 The first numeral form is the native numeral, inherited from Mañi. These numerals are most often used in formal context, in general counting, and frequently to count people. The are used for calendar and time puposes as well as in names
 The second numeral form is the substrate numeral, also inherited from Mañi but from substrate origins. These numerals are often used to count animate (nonhuman) objects, long/thin items, and inaminate objects, informally..
 The third numeral form is the Ounyu numeral, borrowed from Vayama. These numerals are used to count maritime objects and islands of varying animacy and in contexts of nonhigh formality.
Native  Substrate  Ounyu  

1  mvi  kay  me 
2  ra  tay  lą 
3  li  va  li 
4  e  tąmfe  ąkume 
5  den  mekuy  tąn 
6  ngonem  tenav  tąme 
7  ngonera  kuyav  tąną 
8  ngoneli  fata  tąni 
9  ngokung  xutakay  ngąkume 
10  deądą  mexąn  tąngą 
100  ngorva  ngąlvą  ngąlvą 
1000  ngovade  lvąlą  lvąlą 
Manean uses a base10 numeral system. Multiples of each power of ten are indicated by a preceding factor (e.g. li deądą – 'three ten' – means 'thirty'). Higher powers of ten precede lower powers (e.g. ngokung ngovade ngokung ngorva ngokung deądą ngokung – 'nine thousand nine hundred nine ten nine' – means '9999').
Manean also has a class of word to express large numbers. These words are loaned from Vosan, and therefore have only one form. The base stem for these forms is xenitą meaning one million (10⁶). For each multiple power of six an additional xe is added (e.g. xexenitą meaning one trillion (10^{12} or 10^{6+6}). From these forms, the prefix xen can be added for an multiple power of three (e.g. xenxexenitą meaning quadrillion (10^{15} or 10^{6+6+3}). Numerals 1 through 999 may be place before these forms, modifying their value in a multiplicative manner. The above patterns are described in the following table.
Manean  English  Power of Ten 

ngovade  thousand  10^{3} 
deądą ngovade  ten thousand  10^{4} 
ngorva ngovade  hundred thousand  10^{5} 
xenitą  million  10^{6} 
deądą xenitą  ten million  10^{7} 
ngorva xenitą  hundred million  10^{8} 
xenxenitą  billion  10^{9} 
deądą xenxenitą  ten billion  10^{10} 
ngorva xenxenitą  hundred billion  10^{11} 
xexenitą  trillion  10^{12} 
xenxexenitą  quadrillion  10^{15} 
xexexenitą  pentillion  10^{18} 
xenxexexenitą  sextillion  10^{21} 
xexexexenitą  septillion  10^{24} 
xenxexexexenitą  octillion  10^{27} 
xexexexexenitą  nonillion  10^{30} 
xenxexexexexenitą  decillion  10^{33} 
Also from Vosan is veni meaning 'zero.'