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Modern Thought (Teixo: Lummô Chěruǒ, Yavodna: Lubmå Tinguulåån) is the prevailing political ideology of Magali. It is a divergent branch of Balko-Kúúlism characterized by heavy influence from indigenous Magalese religion and culture. Some distinguishing features include an elected judiciary, heavy focus on management of land and resources in an environmentally sustainable manner, and construction of a strong national identity centered around religion as a unifying factor.
Predecessors of Modern Thought were apparent as early as the Sea Cucumber War (1802-1810) after the fall of Magali's Silver Age. Many Magalese intellectuals sought to define the differences between Magalese and foreign cultures, and ended up formulating a hypothetical return to pre-Silver Age Magalese culture and society, with a religious- and land- centered egalitarian society splitting trade proceeds equally, trade based largely on prestige local crops such as turmeric, ginger, galangal, tea and coffee. Over the course of the 19th century these ideas became wrapped up more generally in Magalese Romanticism, which represented an escapism from the severe inequalities and unrest of the period.
In the 1860s, upon the return of Kúúl to Terminia, his ideas were distributed through Magali and helped to catalyze revolution in Magali, as well as Vemou and Lugida. Magali transitioned from a diffuse grouping of monarchical fiefdoms to a mostly-centralized democracy implementing some Romantic ideas such as universal suffrage, although the Highlands largely remained de facto monarchical.
The corruption and inequality of the democratic regime revealed themselves quickly as the lowlands splintered into small semi-autonomous states headed by warlords, with trade money largely controlled by a small elite. Magali City's cosmopolitan milieu came to host many dissidents who melded Magalese Romanticism with Kúúlist and Balkist ideas. It was at this time that political, cultural and religious philosophy combined to form what was now called Modern Thought, with year of crystallization usually held to be 1891. Modern Thought focused less on the commune and more on a partially-democratic government bound to a pan-Magalese system of ethics through an appointed legislature and elected judiciary, with a strong executive branch. Proletariat put into positions of political power, and centralization of power and maintenance of full hegemony over Magali were priorities.
By 1918, the country had deteriorated to the point where the central government held very little sway and democracy was in name only. Large-scale movements instigated in the Magali City region and in the northwest began to gain traction. With the eventual conversion of the Highlands, all of Magali came under hegemony of Modern Thought by 1921, with the partial exception of the Silent Coast, a large, historically deaf region connecting the lowland south with the northern lowlands. Eventually, after brutal fighting and a series of desperate treaties, the Silent Coast became a semi-autonomous region of Magali, compounded by its drastic cultural differences from the rest of Magali and impenetrable mangrove habitat.
Land and capital reform/redistribution carried out through payment in installations from former landowners to the 'proletariat'.
Land Thought, the most recent form of Modern Thought, developed in the late 1940s. Various environmental disasters such as flooding, overcrowding, and landslides led to a reorganization and rededication of the Magalese government for zoning and land management purposes, and land reform is made complete through massive population redistribution into new urban centers.
Late 1960s: Relaxation of restrictions on minority cultures, complete overhaul of the educational system to reflect regional diversity. Movement back to rural areas.
1980s: Same-gender marriages ruled legal, weakening of caste structures, legal protections of non-citizens and increased naturalizations.
Since around 2003 with a new leader in power, Magali has begun to seek greater connections with other countries around Sahar and to encourage industry, especially in technology. The judiciary has reflected popular unease about these changes, which has resulted in new connections and industry being held to a high standard ethically and environmentally. Nonetheless it has positively transformed the Magalese economy.
Differences from Balkism and Kúúlism
- Focus on strong nation-state with pluralistic nationalism
- Less 'extreme'
- Elements of traditional religion incorporated
- Specific to Magali's context; never any encouragement of other nations to follow Modern Thought
- Democratic judiciary
- Heavy emphasis on enviromentalism and government management of land and water.