National Council (Siyezan)
|National Council of the Republic of Siyezan |
Yerešet Síyezan Ğáctaba Várašo
Yereşet Síyezan Ğáctaba Váraşo
|5th National Council|
President of Siyezan
Confidence and supply Radical Republican Action: 209 seats
Good Party: 21 seats
Main opposition (100) People's Movement Party: 32 seats
Siyezi Workers' Party: 54 seats
Zarasaist Republican Party: 46 seats
United Yellow Front: 7 seats
Forward lookers: 6 seats
Forest Defence in the council: 9 seats
National Action Front: 6 seats
Independents: 7 seats
Vacant: 3 seats
Length of term
|4 Sayanic years|
|Limited block voting in 60 multimember constituencies.|
|Summer Palace, Çinévin|
The modern, unified legislative chamber first came around during the First Republic of Siyezan in 1800, after independence from Vosan.
For most of the 20th century, the council was a simple rubber-stamping body. During the Second Kingdom of Siyezan (1920-1944), the country was constitutionally a parliamentary Wikipedia:monarchy, but de facto was subordinate to both reigning monarchs of the era.
During the first years of the republic, the council had its powers increased, but often found itself outpiwered by the president, until it was yet again turned into a decorative body under Yavizin Racba. Under him, a one-party state was instituted, which had not happened ever before during the council's history.
During Aşir's military regime, a multiparty system was reintroduced but free elections were not. Electoral fraud and intimidations were conducted to maintain the ruling People's Revolutionary Union with a strong enough majority.
Only in 1991, after nationwide protests, president Vanali Duye removed restrictions to the parties able to be in the council, and the first free and fair elections were held the next year. However, ideological tensions mounted between the president and the council.
These tensions would culminate in 2001 Siyezi constitutional crisis, where the council would come out on top and instaurate the Wikipedia:parliamentary republic period up until 2010.
After the 2010 Siyezi government crisis, the President of Siyezan's office powers were increased, forming the modern semi-presidential system.
The council has the fundamental powers of electing the Prime Minister of Siyezan (head of government), proposing, debating and ratifying laws, constitutional amendments and treaties.
For most of its history starting in 1922, the council was elected via second-round voting in single-member districts. The 2011 electoral law ceased this method, removing the second round and joining the single-member districts into modern province borders, which would serve as multi-member districts. The number of votes per person was always lower than the number of seats of every province, in order to avoid problems related with first past the post voting.