Ndxiixun language

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Ndxiixun
Ñdxi²xų́¹
Pronunciation/ⁿd͡ʒīʃʊ̃́ˀ/
EthnicityXuni
Language family
Early forms:
Official status
Official language inQuaxin Xun
CWS codendx

The Ndxiixun language is a Ngerupic dialect cluster which is the most widely spoken language in Quaxin Xun, where it has co-official status with two other Ngerupic languages of Quaxin Xun, Hlung and Maypawh.

Background

Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Labiovelar Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋʷ ŋ
Tenuis plosive p t k ʔ
Prenasalized plosive/affricate ᵐb ⁿd ⁿd͡ʒ ᵑgʷ ᵑg
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Fricative ɸ s z ʃ h
Approximant ɹ j w
Trill r
Lateral app. l ʎ

Vowels

Front Near-front Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ̃ ʊ̃
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ʌ̃
Open a

Tone

Vowels may have three level tones: high, mid, or low, as well as low-high rising, mid-high rising, high-mid falling, and high-low falling tones.

Phonation

Vowels may have controlled or ballistic stress. Ballistic stressed syllables are short, high intensity, may end in glottal closure, and have modal voice. They are notated as "glottalized" (e.g. /uˀ/) due to the lack of IPA notation for ballistic syllables.

Phonotactics

Ndxiixun has a strict (C)V syllable structure. Neither diphthongs nor consonant clusters are permitted, although vowel hiatus is allowed.