Ngerupic languages

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Ngerupic
Geographic
distribution:
Akulanen, Soltenna and Ekuosia
Linguistic classification:One of Sahar's primary language families
Proto-language:Wa Ñi
CWS code

The Ngerupic languages are a language family comprising about 100 languages of southwestern Miraria, primarily the Akulanen and Soltenna regions, which are all descended from Wa Ñi. They are spoken by about 500 million people in total. The official languages of Amerhan, Awarahl, Cerman, Kadya, Karduv, Lutya, Magali, Shohai, Utol, Quaxin Xun, Qonklaks, Yachiro, and Zaizung are Ngerupic, while Ngerupic languages are spoken by substantial populations in Barradiwa, Riyana, and Bosato.

Since Wa Ñi was spoken around 5000 years ago, the present-day languages have diverged substantially. Magali is the area of greatest diversity, with more than half the Ngerupic languages spoken there. Due to the expansion of Yatååkåå within Magali, the regions of greatest diversity are the relatively inaccessible mountainous central and northwest regions of Magali. Other regions with many smaller Ngerupic languages include Shohai and Awarahl.

The most-spoken Ngerupic languages on Sahar are Terminian, Awatese, Yatååkåå, Karduvic and Kwang, each with more than 10 million speakers. In contrast, many Ngerupic languages of Awarahl, northwestern Amerhan and rural Magali are highly endangered, with less than a hundred thousand speakers each.

Languages

Language Classification Number of native speakers Location
Terminian language Termic 160,000,000 Cerman, Amerhan, amongst others
Kwang language Quoncic 95,000,000 (depends on which lects one considers) Qonklaks, Karduv, Zaizung, Quaxin Xun amongst others
Karduvic language Quoncic 27,000,000 Karduv, Qonklaks (Northeast)
Awatese language Mañic: Awato-Manean 22,677,500 Awating
Manean language Mañic: Awato-Manean 22,500,000 Manea
Zaizung Languages Mañic 18,000,000 Zaizung
Yachiroese language Mañic 17,000,000 (could be wrong -log) Yachiro
Hlung language Mañic 15,200,000 Quaxin Xun (Southeast)
Yatååkåå language Ounyu 15,000,000 Magali (Northeast), Shohai (Northwest)
Ngkayanyawaanya language Umic 14,000,000 Magali (Southwest)
Utoyyi language Termic: South Terminian 10~15,000,000 (dialect chain) Utol
Ndxiixun language Mañic: Tuŋñi 13,500,000 Quaxin Xun (Central)
Nichoh language Mañic: Tuŋñi 9,300,000 Quaxin Xun (West-central)
Sąñàwa language Mañic 9,000,000 Kadya (South), Seret
Lutyan language Ghonoid 8,400,000 Lutya
Amerhani language Termic 4~6,000,000 (dialect chain) Amerhan
Baridus language Termic 4,300,000 Barradiwa (Baridia)
Manean Kwang language Kwangic 2,500,000 Manea (North)
Yashuhay language Ounyu: Shohue 2,000,000 Shohai (Northwest)
Yako'e language Ounyu: Shohue 1,000,000 Shohai (Central-south)
Ndawá language Mañic 825,000 Magali (Northern), Awating (Far northwestern)
Yachanooli language Mañic 300,000 Shohai (Northeast)
Ekerukoi language Ounyu: Shohue 100,000 Shohai (Southwest)
Waľavaľwa language Ounyu 95,000 Quaxin Xun (Insular)
Ngigu language Umic 65,000 Awating (Southern)
Kyathros language Ounyu: Shohue 15,000 Amerhan (Northeast)
West Manean language Ounyu 5,000 Manea (West-southwest)
Bilemã language Termic 200 Awating (Central-southern)
North Islander language Mañic: Awato-Manean 15 Riyana (Southwest)

Taxonomy

The first-order daughters of Wa Ñi seem to have formed a dialect continuum, with subsequent diversification especially in northwest and central Magali. The most commonly agreed-upon taxonomy of Ngerupic languages runs as follows, with primary branches from north to south:

Wa Ñi

Typology

Ngerupic languages are extremely diverse in typology, but some common characteristics are:

  • small phonemic inventories, with little phonation contrast
  • many sonorants, especially laterals and rhotics
  • tone
  • nasalized vowels
  • simple syllable structure
  • noun classes with distinct singular and plural classes
  • subject and possibly object prefixes on verbs
  • compounding as main form of derivation
  • head-initial
  • marked mood on verb

Comparison

Further Reading