|Federal Republic of Notzel
Daxloni Notzel (Daxloni Notzel)
|Capital||Degveneth (executive), Deglis (legislative)|
|Recognised national languages||Egeriac|
|Recognised regional languages||Rivkh, Hekosian, Ozomian, Norjihani|
|Ethnic groups||Egeriac, Rivkh, Hekosian, Ozomian, Norjihani|
281,609 sq mi
|GDP (nominal)||2015 estimate|
Notzel, officially the Federal Republic of Notzel (Egeriac: Daxloni Notzel [dɑʃ'loni 'not͡sɛl]) is a country located in South Baredina. The capital city for the government is Degveneth, and the capital city for the legislative branch is Deglis.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
- 9 Notes and References
Notzel was initially created by local tribes and city-states in Egeria and surrounding areas to counter the expansion attempts made by neighbours from the north during the 5th century. Initially, it was a confederation of city-states, which later developed into a federal republic.
States in the Notzel confederation had always been a republic, and it is believed that the republicanism among the city-state came from the city-state of Deglis and later spread to other city-states in Egeria. The city-state of Deglis had become a republic before the common era, after Afol Men Xer, the last king of Deglis, was overthrown.
For a long time, Notzel was a confederation consisting of several republics of Egeriac people (and later countries of the Rivkh people on the Rivkh islands), it was only unified into a federation republic in the mid 19th century.
Before the mid-20th century, Notzel had a lot of military conflicts with its neighbour in the north. The last and the most serious conflict that Notzel was involved in was the GEW. Initially Notzel intended to be neutral, but the invasion from the Unity-sided countries forced them to join the Allied side.
The Triple Alliance
Formation of the Federation
Most areas in Notzel are not geologically active, earthquakes are not common; however, some areas, especially the coastal area and the north, are more geologically active and are more prone to earthquakes.
The coastal area and the northern areas have a Mediterranean climate; while the south has a humid temperate climate.
Notzel is an origin of a variety of economically important plants like onions, garlic, spinach, pistachios, peas, lettuce and hemp.
Notzel has always been a republic since its formation, it is a directorial republic, it has no single president but a college of several people who jointly exercise the powers of a head of state and head of government. The National Committee of Notzel, which consists of 9 members and has existed since the midle ages, serves as the collective head of state and government of Notzel. The term of the National Committee is 5 years. Notzel has a long tradition of having a collective head of state, the first constitution was written in the 19th century, but collective leadership had existed in many predecessors of Notzel for centuries before the first constitution of Notzel was made in the mid 19th century.
Notzel has a bicameral parliament with 388 members in the House of Commons. The term for a legislator is 5 years.
The Supreme Court of Notzel has 11 justices, each justice has lifetime tenure, meaning they remain on the Court until they resign, retire, die, or are removed from office.
Notzel has two capital cities, the seat of the National Committee and the legislature body are in different cities, and sometimes people think Notzel has two capital cities. The seat of the National Committee is in Degveneth and the seat of the legislative body is in Deglis.
Notzel is divided into six states: the State of Egeria, the State of Spin, the State of Xovin, the State of Rivkh, the State of Zezka and the State of Dolzod; Besides, the capital city Degveneth belongs to the Notzel Capital Territory and does not belong to any state.
Norjihan is the largest trade partner of Tzulhon. Other major import partners of Notzel include Algazi Union, Hajea, Letzia, Sroyos, Hemesh, Tabiqa, Nevira, Barradiwa, Zhinayak, Veridia, Fals Empire, Bavkirak, Yaxarhayut, Lhavres and Cerman.
The list of export partners of Notzel is similar, major export partners of Tzulhon include Norjihan, Algazi Union, Hajea, Letzia, Sroyos, Hemesh, Tabiqa, Nevira, Barradiwa, Zhinayak, Veridia, Fals Empire, Bavkirak, Yaxarhayut, Lhavres and Cerman.
The payment currency for international trade in Notzel are Ekuo and Lhavrinian geštug.
Notzel is a continental country, and is not far from major land powers in Ekuosia, and it has always had challenges from neighbouring areas on the land, which means it will put its main focus on the land to defend any possible invasions from the land, as a result, Notzel has a relatively large army compared to its navy and is more a land power than a sea power; however, the navy of Notzel still maintains some capabilities to perform regional offshore coastal defence.
For all stable societies, it is necessary and fundamental to guarantee the safety of all its members in the sense that virtually all members of the society, regardless of age, sex, gender, social status, etc. will live until the day they die naturally of inevitable causes of death, there's one of the few exceptionless rules in the human world and no societies that ever existed could break this rule, societies that have human sacrifice would be either highly unstable, or such practices would affect only a small minority of people or non-members. All laws or social rules that conflict with the need of this will inevitably be nullified within one or two generations, by either being outwardly abolished or by being highly distorted or ignored to the degree that such rules are practically ineffective, therefore, human rights are one of the central issues of all societies and countries in the world.
Discrimination against anyone based on age, caste, criminal record, height, weight, physical appearance, disability, family status, gender identity, gender expression, generation, genetic characteristics, marital status, nationality, profession, color, race and ethnicity, species, religion, sex and sex characteristics, sexual orientation, political ideology, social class, personality, as well as other categories are illegal in the law.
Slavery for humans and nonhumans was abolished in the 15th century. The use of slavery or similar institutions is punishable by imprisonment up to 3 years.
The use of compulsory ID cards or similar documents for identity is unconstitutional, there are no national ID cards in Notzel, and all documents that caj legally prove the identity are only issued to adults with their consent. When a formal identity document is needed, a passport or a driving licence is most often used. For those who do not have—or wish to carry—a passport or driving licence, and only people who have passed a driving test would be able to have a driving licence.
Freedom of speech is guaranteed, the only exception to freedom of speech in Notzel is when a speech would create a clear and present danger, or when an obscene content is shown to the public. There are no laws regulating hate speech and the Supreme Court has repeatedly ruled that laws criminalizing hate speech violate the guarantee to freedom of speech.
The death penalty and life imprisonment have been abolished, the maximal length of imprisonment is 25 years, and 30 years in extraordinary circumstances or during wartime. The death penalty for murder was abolished before the 20th century, and the last use of the death penalty was in 1950 for treason and war crimes.
The use of corporal punishment is not sanctioned as a way of punishment in the law, also the use of corporal punishments at school and at home are also banned. The maximum length of imprisonment is 25 years, and 30 years in exceptional circumstances. The rule also applies to mental health treatment of criminal offenders.
The legal system of Notzel is a mixture of civil law and common law, while there is a civil code, case law and customary law play an important role in the legal system of Notzel.
Firearm ownership is strictly regulated, with citizens being forbidden from owning private firearms.
All forms of sex outside of marriage are illegal, which include sexual assault, rape, adultery, consensual sex before marriage, etc.; besides, the law only regards the marriage between a male and a female. The minimum age for marriage is 18 years. Same-sex marriage is not recognized by the law and polygamy is illegal. Rape within marriage is a criminal offense.
Public transport, such as trains, trams, metro systems, and buses are the major mean of transport in Notzel. Most of the roads and railway lines in Notzel were built in the late 19th century and early 20th century, and nowadays Notzel has a rather high density of railroads. The track gauge used in most areas in Notzel is 1,600 mm, but in some areas the track gauge of 1,400 mm is used.
Besides public transport, automobiles are also important, virtually every family in Notzel has at least one private car. In Notzel, people drive on the right side of the road, subsequently, the steering wheel is typically on the left side of the car in Notzel.
Biofuel is the primary energy source in Notzel, hydroelectric, biofuel plants, solar plants, waste-to-energy plants and oil-fired plants are also important power sources in Notzel.
The use of biofuel in Notzel is pervasive, it is not only the most important energy source but also the main source of fuels for motor vehicles. Most motor vehicles in Notzel run either on hydrous ethanol or on gasohol, as the mixture of 25% anhydrous ethanol with gasoline is mandatory in the entire country, and the ethanol fuel used for motor vehicles in Notzel is mostly produced from plants not used for food.
Besides ethanol, certain types of plant oil are also important sources of fuels for motor vehicles, diesels made of plant oil are commonly used for diesel engines in Notzel.
Due to the shortage of available energy sources in Notzel during GEW and in 1950s, the government of Notzel launched a programme to develop plant-origin ethanol as an alternative source of fuel for motor vehicles, after decades of efforts by scientists in Notzel, nowadays biofuel has become a main energy source in Notzel.
Rumour has it that the Notzel government banned the use of alcohol drinks to save alcohol for motor vehicles; however, this is an urban legend, as the ban on alcohol drinks in Notzel had existed for centuries before the invention of motor vehicles.
Science and technology
Due to its geographical proximity to the Neviran Empire, Notzel was one of the first countries in Sahar that used firearms, firearms were introduced from the Neviran Empire during the 16th century, and Notzel was a centre for firearm production for a century.
In modern times, the use of biofuel and other renewable energies has become a major focus of Notzel science and technology, this is due to the fact that in Sahar, peak uranium has become apparent in recent years, and the emergence of peak uranium is due to the fact that many countries in Sahar use nuclear power as the main power source, which inevitably accelerates greatly the depletion of uranium in Sahar.
The population of Notzel is growing, the fertility rate was around 2.7 births per woman in 2015.
Notzel is a multiethnic country with a diversity of ethnic groups. The largest ethnic group in Notzel is the Egeriac people, making up around 85% of the population; besides, the Rivkh people, the Hekosian people, the Ozomian people and the Norjihani people are significant minority groups.
Due to its location, virtually everyone in Notzel is a human being, non-human sapients are rare in Notzel, and as a result not many non-humans are willing to move to Notzel.
Notzel is highly urbanized. in 2000, more than 85% of the population live in urban areas.
The Egeriac language is the most widely spoken language, it is the mother tongue of around 85% of all population in Notzel, and is also the de facto official language of Notzel; besides, there are a sizable population that speak the Rivkh language, the Hekosian language, the Ozomian language and the Norjihani language.
Notzel has a high literacy rate, the literacy rate is around 99%-100%. Education in Notzel compulsory at the elementary and lower secondary levels; however, most students continue to high school and college, with more than 90% of the population having at least a high school diploma. Around 25% of high school graduates go to college each year. The mean years of schooling are around 14 years.
Schools generally do not use uniforms, though there are some dress codes for students to ensure the modesty of students. Kindergartens are not compulsory, however, in recent years, an increasing number of children go to kindergarten before elementary school.
For tertiary education, most colleges and universities are public.
On average, there are around 9 hospital beds and 2.8 physicians for every 1000 people. The majority of hospitals are public, but there are also private hospitals, and private clinics are very popular in Notzel.
There are virtually no bachelor-level medical education programmes - medical education programmes are postgraduate, and people must obtain a bachelor degree before studying to be a medical doctor. The only bachelor-level medical educations are those related to nursing.
Due to the advent of corn syrup and the spread of fast-food chains around the country, the obesity rate has grown considerably since the end of GEW. The growth rate of obesity has become a major health concern in Notzel. As of 2019, about 60% of the population are either overweight (BMI > 24) or obese (BMI > 30), and about 23% of the population are obese. The obesity rate in females is slightly higher than that in males. Surveys found that about 61% of males and 59% of females over the age of 15 are either overweight or obese; besides, about 22% of males and 24% of females over the age of 15 are obese.
Notzel is religiously diverse, the constitution law prohibits discriminations based on religion, and there is no national religion in Notzel.
Monasticism is not practised in Notzel in any forms, this is partially due to the Pashaist practice of not creating a complicated system of organised clergy. All people in Notzel, including religious figures like priests, have a family life. Because of the emphasis on family and social life by local people, the branch of Pashaism is sometimes seen as heretic by Pashaists from foreign countries.
There’s a debate of whether atheism and agnosticism should be tolerated. While there are no laws mentioning atheism and agnosticism, and the constitution law guarantees the freedom of religion, some local religious groups maintain that freedom of religion does not mean freedom from religion, and activities of atheism and agnosticism should be restricted. The proposals to restrict activities of atheism and agnosticism are never taken into consideration seriously by the government.
Notzel is largely conservative cultural wise, at least when it comes to sex and recreational drug use. All kinds of recreational drugs are illegal in Notzel, and Notzel also bans the use of alcoholic drinks; also sex before marriage is illegal and morally deplorable in Notzel.
The government does not directly support its cultural industry, the cultural industry is highly commercial as a result.
In the north, vernacular Notzel architecture features the use of stones, bricks and rammed earth; however, in the south, due to the relative abundance of woods, most vernacular architecture in the southern states in Notzel are made of wood.
On the other hand, public buildings, like temples and government buildings, are made of stone and bricks regardless of area.
Calendar and Time-keeping
The Republic of Notzel uses the Egeriac Calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar.
As for time-keeping within a day, Notzel uses the Egeriac clock alongside Sahar Metric Time. In Notzel, the Sahar Metric Time is mostly used in contexts of international affairs like international business and airports.
Notzel visual arts feature naturalism, before the invention of cameras, the depiction of ordinary, everyday subjects was common in Notzel arts.
There is no official national anthem for Notzel.
The modern music industry in Notzel has always been thoroughly commercial.
Notzel has a native film industry, it has one of the oldest film industries in Sahar. Unlike many film industries, Notzel has enjoyed little to no direct government support, through either subsidies or import quotas. It has always been a thoroughly commercial cinema, concentrating on crowd-pleasing genres, like comedy and action, and heavily reliant on formulas, sequels and remakes.
Animation from Gfiewistan, Lhavres and Lenezan has gained popularity in Notzel in recent years.
Cuisines in Notzel are meat-oriented, local people value meat highly, mutton is an important part of the traditional cuisine. Meats of pigs and rodents are traditionally shunned by most peoples in Notzel. Due to the abundance of maize and sorghum, bread made of cornmeal is popular of the area, corn pones (a kind of cornbread that does not contain milk or eggs) are traditionally the staple food in Notzel.
Despite the rising concerns of animal rights globally, vegetarianism is uncommon in Notzel, it is estimated that only less than 3% of all population in Notzel are either vegetarian or vegan.
Leeks, onions and garlic are used extensively in local cuisines; besides, as maize is readily available in Notzel, corn syrup is very common in Notzel and has been regarded as the main sweetener source in Notzel.
In recent years, sandwiches and fish and chips have gained popularity in Notzel.
Mice and rats are widely seen as the national animal of Notzel. Both mice and rats are called magan in Egeriac, pictures of both mice and rats are used as mascots, but it is more common for people to use mice as mascots than rats.
Not all countries have national symbols, there are no national symbols stated in anywhere of the law of Notzel, not even the national flag, all national symbols, including the flag, are de facto ones instead of de jure ones, and the color orange is often seen as unofficial national symbols.
Notes and References
- There are societies that have human sacrifice on a large scale, like the Aztec Empire, but the Aztec Empire was highly unstable and was already on the verge of collapse when the Spanish people came.
- National Symbols of Different Countries - Sakshieducation.com