|The Combined and Shared Lands of the Ystelo-Atruozan People
and largest city
|Recognised regional languages||Gfiewish|
474,974 sq mi
|-||2016 census||2 435 752|
|GDP (nominal)||2018 estimate|
|-||Per capita||21 194|
|Time zone||SCT+6 to +7|
|Drives on the||right|
Osteria, officially the Combined and Shared Lands of the Ystelo-Atruozan People, is a sovereign state comprising the southwestern part of Ystel, bordered by Gfiewistan to the north and sharing a maritime border with Translira to the west. Osteria has a population of around 2,4 million in its area of 1,2 million km2, making it one of the least densely populated countries in Sahar. Its southern third or so falls within the tundra climate, making it the house some of the furthest equator-bound polar tundra on Sahar. The tundra regions and the islands are mostly inhabited by Atruozans, whereas the more northern areas of the mainland are majoritarily populated by their sister-group, the Ystelics.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Military
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Education
- 9 Culture
- 10 See also
A Very Long Time Ago
The Ystelo-Atruozans first arrived in the western extreme of the large southern island (for its name truly is still pending) around 4800-4400BCE, upon the retreat of the glaciers and ice sheets allowing for travel across it to become possible. Around 200 years later a branch broke off to head north, island hopping towards the larger northern island, which they fully populated later around 3000BCE, the remainder heading north, reaching the Ystelic mainland around 4000BCE, before spreading east and north mainly along the coast. The Atruozans remained in the frigid south while the Ystelics headed north, reaching the ??? Bight (names are apending) around 3000BCE, before further splitting, such that one group headed over to the large northern ??? island (name peeeending) and reached it around 2500-2000BCE, and the other group that continued to head north reached the northern edge of the bight around 2500-2300BCE, with the entirety of Osteria being inhabited by the Ystelo-Atruozans by around 2200-2000BCE.
The southern shoreline took significantly longer to permanently inhabit than the eastern one relative to its size due to the ice sheets and significantly colder climate, making the fjords and inlets a lot harder to reach and successfully and most importantly, sustainably, both due to the poor accessibility to decent travel, and the equally low accessibility of available food.
Osteria can be divided into 11 main geographical regions over its expansive 1,2 million km² territory. These include the Northern Islands (name pending big time), the Southern Island (name needed) and surrounding islands (name heavily pending), the Southwestern archipelago (name pending), the Southern Lowlands, the Southern Mountains (X mountains), the ? Peninsula, the ? Bight (includes adjacent coastal areas), the Deugyeu Peninsula (name pending), the Western Highlands, the ? Mountain Range (name severely needed) and the Eastern Highlands.
The ? Mountain Range Partially bisects the country from north to south, and contains Osteria's highest peak, at X m (awaiting elevation rework). It is also where the head of one of two major ystelian rivers within the country is located, the other roughly serving as more or less the southern half of the eastern border. The western coast, especially within the ? Bight, is comprised of many inlets and fjords, and is the location of the major city and regional capital of Køskë, as well as the capital city of Deugyeu which is located on the Deugyeu Peninsula (name pending) which acts as the northern extremity of the bight. The southern lowlands can be further divided into two subregions, the coastal lowlands and the antarctic peninsula (names pending), the latter of which is the largest peninsula in the country and comprises numerous inlets and bays, and is all tundra.
Osteria is home to a total of four climate zones in accordance with the Köppen Climate Classification System. The two largest climate types by both area and population are the subarctic (Dfc) and mild tundra (ET) climates, with the dividing line running roughly along the 62nd parallel south, give or take a degree of latitude. A small amount of warm-summer humid continental (Dfb) climate can be found in the extreme north between the mid-50th and mid-49th parallels south, whereas higher up in the mountain range that runs through the middle of the mainland portion of the country lies dry-summer subarctic (Dsc) climate. The mildest weather can be found in the northern coastal areas, where the average coldest month highs sit around -3°C to -5°C, with the harshest winters being found in the inland areas within the tundra zones where average coldest month high temperatures rest around a freezing -31°C. The warmest summers are found in the Dfb zones in the extreme north, with the hottest month average highs sitting around 24°C; however overall average monthy highs above 22°-23°C are very rare within the country, in due part to its overall coastal nature.
Snow does persist on the ground in most regions for at least 5-6 months of the year, with a large portion of the country experiencing snow cover for 7 or more months and snowfall being possible in many regions up to 8 months of the year. The extreme south experiences potential snow cover of 10½-11 months, with the potential for snowfall existing year-round.