|Official languages||Adzamasi Osuri|
|Ethnic groups (2012)||Osureko 72%|
Osuria (IPA: /o'suri,ja/, Osuri: Kesúri /kèsúɾì/ or Osúrilóqa /ɔ̀súɾìlóǃɐ̀/, Adzamasi: Ŧarosuoh /'θaʁʌsuʌh/), officially the Osuri Province, is the easternmost province of Tabiqa. It is nicknamed "The Second Province" due to its second-place standing in many metrics: land area, population, largest city, and population of the native ethnic group. Its capital is Sedhishum'a.
Osúrilóqa means "Realm of the Osuri."
Osuria is the largest single political entity comprising the former territory of the small Osuri Empire (c. BCE 2800-100). The empire fell slowly between c. BCE 300-50 to the encroaching Adzamic Empire. Small, separated Osuri nations remained independent, primarily as enclaves within Adzamia, until around CE 700 (?), when most were overtaken by ((Penaxxi? Algador? Kauzia? All three in succession?)). Osuri sovereignty was maintained in only two small disjointed mountainous regions.
During the reign of ((whatever the last empire was)), a province/state resembling modern Osuria's borders was defined. After the ((empire)) collapsed, Osuria was briefly liberated under the control of the ((something dynasty)). A short-lived independent Kingdom of Osuria existed for about ?00 years, annexing the province of ((North Tabiqa, probably)). After the neighbouring nation of Kasingadh was annexed by Mehyara in the South, Osuria and Mehyara joined into the unified Tabiqa.
Osuria is bordered by the Tabiqan province of Ūrüd to the west, Algador to the east and south and Ebo Nganagam to the north. It is the least arid of the Tabiqan provinces, comprised largely of savannah, scrubland, and some forested areas. It has some of the highest mountains in Tabiqa, although the absolute highest are all found in Ūrüd, just outside of Osuria's borders.
There has always been a strong sense of regional identity among the Osuri people, hearkening back to the ancient Tlandin Empire and the long and difficult independence of the Osuri nations. Independence movements call for the establishment of a separate Osuri Nation, comprising most of modern Osuria, some of Ūrüd, and, in some forms, small portions of Ebo Nganagam and Algador which belonged to the ancient Osuri Empire and are still peopled predominantly by ethnic Osuri.
Key issues cited by separatists inclue economic inequality, high tax burden with low return, forced military conscription, distinct cultural identity, and historic and ongoing violations by the ruling dynasties and governments.
A referendum for independence was held in 194?, during the early days of the Great Ekuosian War, due to the extreme unpopularity of wartime measures among Osuri. Despite early polling demonstrating a high chance of overwhelming success (with at least 63% of respondents in favour of separation), the referendum failed with 58% Against and 42% For separation. It is hypothesized that low voter turnout was the cause of the failure, with only 38.6% of Osuri citizens making it to the polls. Some analysts and journalists have implied that the federal Tabiqan government, or outside forces, may have interfered with the referendum process.
In recent years during rising unrest in western Tabiqa (largely focused at Istan and Central Ekuosia, interest in the separatist movement has been on the rise. Notable separatists today include Duchess Layuti of Sedhishum'a, and ((probably several celebrities)).
The demographics of Osuria mimic those of Tabiqa as a whole in many ways, with the notable exception of ethnicity and language. Most (~80%) of the state's inhabitants are of the Kõ ethnicities and speak the Osuri language as a mother tongue, making Osuria the most culturally homogeneous province in the country.
Osurians, especially the Osureko, have a distinct cultural identity from other groups in Tabiqa, displayed in their art, fashion, cooking, and everyday life. The name 'Osuri' itself means 'colourful people,' referring to the brightness of clothing and architecture among the people.
Many aspects of Adzamasiin culture have heavily influenced traditional Osuri ways. Most Osureko now follow the Adzamic religion and Adzamasiin gender system. However, practices of pre-Adzamic Kõ culture still remain, and influence the modern culture. For example, while most Osureko self-identify with the four Adzamasiin gender labels, gender roles and stereotypes remain different in Osuria.
The Pre-Adzamic Osuri religion was related to Adzamism, allowing an easy path to syncretism of the religions.