|Official languages||Adzamasi Osuri|
|Ethnic groups (2012)||Osureko 72%|
Osuria (IPA: /oˈsuriˌja/, Osuri: Kesúri /kèsúɾì/ or Osúrilóqa /ɔ̀súɾìlóǃɐ̀/, Adzamasi: Ŧarosul /'θaʁʌsuʌh/), officially the Osur Province, is the easternmost province of Tabiqa. It is the second most populous of the Tabiqan provinces, and has the highest population of the second-most-populous ethnic group in Tabiqa (the Osurekõ), and furthermore has the country's second largest city—these metrics, together, mean that it is sometimes nicknamed "the second province." Its capital is Sedhishum'a.
Osúrilóqa means "Realm of the Osuri."
Osuria comprises most of the former territory of the small Tlandin Empire (c. BCE 2800-100). The empire fell slowly between c. BCE 300-50 to the encroaching Adzamic Empire. Small, separated Osuri nations remained independent, primarily as enclaves within Adzamia, until most were finally subsumed by the Adzamians in the 500s. Osuri sovereignty was maintained in only a few small, disjointed, mountainous regions.
During the reign of the Neviran Empire, a state resembling modern Osuria's borders was defined. After the empire collapsed in the 1500s, the region was briefly liberated; a short-lived independent Kingdom of Osuria flourished until the mid-1700s, when it was invaded and conquered by the growing Saruan Empire (a successor, in some ways, of the Nevirans). When this second Neviran Empire too began to fail, its leadership sold off the land to the highest bidder—the Adzamian Kingdom of Mehyaran.
Osuria is bordered by the Tabiqan province of Subruudi to the west, Algador, Ebo Nganagam to the north, and the Povan Union to the east. It is the least arid of the Tabiqan provinces, comprised largely of savannah, scrubland, and some forested areas. It has some of the highest mountains in Tabiqa, although the absolute highest are all found in Subruudi, just outside of Osuria's borders.
There has always been a strong sense of regional identity among the Osuri people, hearkening back to the ancient Tlandin Empire and the long and difficult struggles of the Osuri nations against the encroaching Adzamic Empire. Independence movements call for the establishment of a separate Kõ Nation, comprising the entirety of the modern Osur province, some of Subruudi, and, in some forms, small portions of surrounding nations (including Ebo Nganagam and the Povan Union) where they are still predominantly populated by Kõ peoples.
Key issues cited by separatists include economic inequality, high tax burden with low rates of return, forced military conscription, distinct cultural identity, and historic and ongoing marginalization by the ruling dynasties and governments.
A referendum for independence was held in Osur Province in 1946, during the early days of the Great Ekuosian War, due to the extreme unpopularity of wartime measures among the Osurekõ populace. Despite early polling demonstrating a high chance of overwhelming success (with at least 63% of respondents in favour of separation), the referendum failed with 58% Against and 42% For separation. It is hypothesized that low voter turnout was the cause of the failure, with only 38.6% of Osurekõ citizens making it to the polls. It is now widely accepted that the federal Tabiqan government interfered with the electoral process by keeping Osurekõ from the polls.
In recent years during rising unrest in western Tabiqa, interest in the separatist movement has been on the rise. Notable separatists today include Duchess Layuti of Sedhishum'a, numerous provincial politicians, and multiple celebrities. The movement also has support among many Kõ people throughout Lower Ekuosia, and sympathetic Tabiqiri of other ethnic groups, especially among other minority groups.
Osur Province is one of the primary producers for Tabiqa in terms of agriculture and forestry. Nevertheless, its economy is stagnant, which many Osurians blame on actively harmful policies put in place at the federal level.
The demographics of Osuria mimic those of Tabiqa as a whole in many ways, with the notable exception of ethnicity and language. Most (~80%) of the state's inhabitants are of the Kõ ethnicities and speak the Osuri language as a mother tongue, making Osuria the most culturally homogeneous province in the country.
Osurians, especially the Osureko, have a distinct cultural identity from other groups in Tabiqa, displayed in their art, fashion, cooking, and everyday life. The name 'Osuri' itself means 'colourful people,' referring to the brightness of clothing and architecture among the people.
Many aspects of Adzamasiin culture have heavily influenced traditional Osuri ways. Most Osureko now follow the Adzamic religion and Adzamasiin gender system. However, practices of pre-Adzamic Kõ culture still remain, and influence the modern culture. For example, while most Osureko self-identify with the four Adzamasiin gender labels, gender roles and stereotypes remain different in Osuria.
The Pre-Adzamic Osuri religion was related to Adzamism, allowing an easy path to syncretism of the religions.