Proto-Juto-Ngutanic

From CWS Planet
Jump to: navigation, search


Proto-Juto-Ngutanic
PJN
RegionNone
Language family
  • Proto-Juto-Ngutanic
CWS code

Proto-Juto-Ngutanic is the attempted reconstruction of a common ancestor language of several languages on Sahar, including Jutean, Akuveth and Ngutanese as their most prominent members. It was one of the first language families to be proposed in the history of comparative linguistics on Sahar.

Background

Reconstructed Phonology

Consonants

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal *m *n
Plosive *p *b *t *d *k *g
Fricative *s *x *h
Approximant *j *ɥ *w

Vowels

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open

Phonotactics

The Jutic branch of Juto-Ngutanic


The Ngutanic branch of Juto-Ngutanic

Posited sound changes

Akuveth

  • *o → u / _#
  • *Vː → V
  • *b → p
  • *ɲ → ȵ
  • *hj → ɕ
  • *j → ʑ
  • *ɥ → w → ʋ
  • *w → ʋ

Jutean

  • *o → ɑ
  • *p → f
  • *b → f ~ ʋ
  • *d → t / _#
  • *g → k
  • *Vː → V / in closed syllable
  • *ai → aː
  • *ɲ → n
  • *ɥ → w → ʋ
  • *w → ʋ

Ngutanese

  • *b → m
  • *d → Ø / V_V
  • *d → n / elsewhere
  • *g → ŋ
  • *ɲ → j
  • *ɥ → j

Cognate list

JN Cognate list.png

Grammar

Morphology

Syntax

To be added.