. Samadar .
Clockwise from top: View of Eastern Samadar at the feets of the Shehmere, statue of Ashar, bird view of the Hokshah fortress, Bashar gardens, the palace of the Tamgha family, southern Samadar.
|Nickname(s): Cultural Capital of Komania |
City of Gardens
City of Holy Towers
|Earliest settlement||c. 3000 BCE|
|• Mayor||Satar Khamanli|
|• Total||1,200.61 km2 (463.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||800 m (2,600 ft)|
|Population (2016 census)|
|• Density||4,850.36/km2 (12,562.4/sq mi)|
Samadar (Koman: Samadar) also known as Masandar or Samasar is one of the historical capitals of the Great Horde and officially recognised as the cultural centre of Komania, it is located in northwestern Komania with a population of around 5,800,000 people. The city is strategically located in a fertile valley which has served as the refuge for many cultures and civilisations throughout history. Situated in a plateau of around 800 metres above sea level, the city is 500 km west of Shanvan and serves as the capital of Khazsar Province.
The exact date for the establishment of the first settlements in Samadar is unknown, there is, however, archaeological evidence which pinpoints to an increment of human activity around 4000 BCE. Thanks to its strategic position in the Şəhmere valley the area offers largely defensible channels while covering a moderately fertile area. The territory of present-day Samadar saw the rise of one of the first city-states in Vaniua, following the decline of the Black pottery culture the city-state of Masaṭar was established and consecutively led the development of the pre-Vaniuan Gashar civilisation around 2000 BCE. At its peak, the city-state of Masaṭar had a population of around 95,000 people, a number which later came into decline as proto-Vaniuans migrated southwards into the green valleys of the Golden Crescent. During its apogee, the city was comprised of several palaces surrounded by sandstone walls and gifted with a highly advanced system of aqueducts for the irrigation of fields and repartition of water. Samadar became a centre of cultural innovation and was home to the development of ancient Gasharid architecture which would later evolve into the widely known Gasharid style.
By 1200 BCE the city had fallen into disuse and was gradually abandoned. Much of the remains of the ancient city lie under several layers of soil with a radius of 1.5km only to be recently uncovered. Samadar rose again with the establishment of early Vaniuan kingdoms, the first claimants over the valley of Şəhmere (known by then as Jôhmar) were the Mishars established several long-lasting kingdoms throughout the following centuries.