. Samadar .
Clockwise from top: View of Eastern Samadar at the feets of the Shehmere, statue of Ashar, bird view of the Hokshah fortress, Bashar gardens, the palace of the Tamgha family, southern Samadar.
Cultural Capital of Komania
City of Gardens
City of Holy Towers
|Earliest settlement||c. 3000 BCE|
|• Mayor||Satar Khamanli|
|• Total||1,200.61 km2 (463.56 sq mi)|
|Elevation||800 m (2,600 ft)|
|• Density||4,850.36/km2 (12,562.4/sq mi)|
Samadar (Koman: Samadar) also known as Masandar or Samasar is one of the historical capitals of the Great Horde and officially recognised as the cultural centre of Komania, it is located in northwestern Komania with a population of around 5,800,000 people. The city is strategically located in a fertile valley which has served as the refuge for many cultures and civilisations throughout history. Situated in a plateau of around 800 metres above sea level, the city is 500 km west of Shanvan and serves as the capital of Saraj.
The exact date for the establishment of the first settlements in Samadar is unknown, there is, however, archaeological evidence which pinpoints to an increment of human activity around 4000 BCE. Thanks to its strategic position in the Şəhmere valley the area offers largely defensible channels while covering a moderately fertile area. The territory of present-day Samadar saw the rise of one of the first city-states in Vaniua, following the decline of the Black pottery culture the city-state of Masaṭar was established and consecutively led the development of the pre-Vaniuan Gashar civilisation around 2000 BCE. At its peak, the city-state of Masaṭar had a population of around 95,000 people, a number which later came into decline as proto-Vaniuans migrated southwards into the green valleys of the Golden Crescent. During its apogee, the city was comprised of several palaces surrounded by sandstone walls and gifted with a highly advanced system of aqueducts for the irrigation of fields and repartition of water. Samadar became a centre of cultural innovation and was home to the development of ancient Gasharid architecture which would later evolve into the widely known Gasharid style.
By 1200 BCE the city had fallen into disuse and was gradually abandoned. Much of the remains of the ancient city lie under several layers of soil with a radius of 1.5km only to be recently uncovered. Samadar rose again with the establishment of early Vaniuan kingdoms, the first claimants over the valley of Şəhmere (known by then as Jôhmar) were the Mishars established several long-lasting kingdoms throughout the following centuries.
The Federal Quarter, comprising the headquarters and federal establishments of the Central Federation, is directly located within the Imperial Citadel, formally part of the Historical District of Samadar, it includes the Palace of the Federation, which was historically used as a prominent eastern wing of the Khashavan palace, former residence of Great Horde emperors and rulers of the Samadar Mizarate. This section of the palace was repurposed in 1987 shortly after the establishment of the Central Federation, whereas Samadar was chosen as the indicated city to become the executive centre of the newly born federation. Restoration of the palace followed strict architectural protocols of the 80s, respecting the integrity of the building and any historical markers noted in its architecture, prominently, using original material from its construction back in the 1400s by importing red stone from Baghazan and ceramic tiles from Vogia. Only 20% to 40% of its interior was demolished and redone for logistical and practical purposes, this included the main hall and the upper floors, which exhibit Classical Hozaran architecture, and where strong classical Ohanian influences can observed. The Palace of the Federation currently holds the Grand Assembly, the Federal Commission building, whilst the State Council is located separately from the main palace.