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The fortress of Samar
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Samar Castle (Koman: Samarcah), is a medieval structure in the city of Shewan in the Samar Holy State, Komania, situated in the Alamsar Valley. It served as the main stronghold of the Order of Arashins and was part of a larger network of fortresses under the historical Samar Holy Order at a site controlling the trade routes directly into the Tarkhan Mountains of central Komania. The castle itself stands on a hill about 60 meters above the surrounding plain. It became prominent as it was the stronghold in which the Kahadji warlord Bashbar-e Sayan, known as the Great Sahyan, ruled from 1709-1738. Bashbar was a leader of the larger Shawadii sect of Zarasaism, which at the time was mainly restricted to adherents of the Order of Arashins, descendants of the Great Horde holy warriors.
Excavations done during the 1960s suggest that the lower layers of the castle's foundations were of Bodnian origin. Later levels were added during the Kothlen Horde, and Great Horde as the area became part of the Tamğahat, a large network of fortresses and defensive structures along the Tarkhan Range and the central regions of the Great Horde. The most current remains were added during the 1700s when the area came under the direct control of Bashbar as a result of neglect from the Misharam Khans.
The castle was captured in 1705 CE by followers of Bashbar and was effectively under his control by 1709 CE. The castle was immediately refortified in preparation for a possible Misharam retaliation, however, as the Misharam Khanate came under heavy pressure due to Ashar invasions from the west, it did not besiege the area until 1728 CE, where the castle remained surrounded for 2 consecutive years through consecutive efforts by the Mishar to capture it. Mishar troops effectively left the area by 1730 as attempts to capture it failed. As a consequence, the castle and the surrounding villages were left in neglect and effectively came under Arashin jurisdiction as the nearby city of Samar started to develop.
The castle and its surroundings came under siege in 1738, 1741, and lastly in 1752, however, all attempts by the Misharam Khanate were made fruitless.
In 1801, the Samar Holy Order became fully integrated into the Ashar Mizarate and all Arashin holdings were surrendered to Koman authority. The Holy Order as a political entity was integrated as a Holy State following negotiations during the Tughanjuh Proclamation in 1811.
Restoration funded by the Koman Ministry of Archeology began in 1990 under the direct supervision of Samar's government.