|Region||Vaniu and Shohuanese diaspora|
|Native speakers||275 - 425 million (L1 and L2) (2016)|
|Dialects||See Dialects section|
|Writing system||Vaniuan Alphabet|
The Shohuanese language is a language spoken primarily in Shohuan, in the region of Vaniua. It has a large number of both L1 and L2 speakers, making it one of the notable lingua francas of trade in the Parshita Sea. Its widespread usage and prevalence within the Vaniuan subcontinent is due to the historical influence of the Shohuanese Empire and the Shohuanese Sannist Republic.
|Approximants / Rhotics|
- /ɲ/ occurs as an allophone of a nasalized /j/, such as in vbunûn /ʋunjun/ [ʋõnɲõn]
- /ɫ̪/ is the realization of /w/ in most dialects of Shohuanese, such as in wumwai /wumwæi/ [ɫ̪õmɫ̪æi]
- /ʋ/ is realized as /v/ or /w~ɫ̪/ depending on dialect
- the alveolar stop series of /t/ and /d/ can occur as true alveolars and as dentals in free variation
- /jæ/ is realized as [jɐ] in most instances
- /jo/ is realized as [jɔ] or [ɒ̽] around labial consonants and /ɫ̪/
- /jɘ/ is realized as [je]
- /ji/ is realized as [(j)ɨ]
- /ju/ is sometimes realized as [jɨ] in some dialects
- Any vowel with a following alveolar nasal sonorant is inclined to nasalize the preceding vowel of the same syllable, such as in gando /gændo/ [gɐ̃ndo]. This extends into diphthongs word finally such as in wulin /wulin/ [ɫ̪ulẽȷ̃]
Dialects of Shohuanese vary extremely in several cases. Most notably with the vowels. The base phonemic vowels of Shohuanese is five: /a/ /e/ /i/ /o/ and /u/. However, the allophonic rules between dialects can be very extreme in several cases, most notably as result of the stress system and how consonants cluster or don't respectively. Several dialects are almost unrecognizable as Shohuanese to non-natives in several cases. The standard dialect of Shohuanese is the Gvanieg dialect while the leading Vaniua dialects of Shohuanese are the Jgulkeyon dialect and the Ohanian dialect.
The Satem dialect is known for being extensively allophonic while also arguably being a second language. The main features include different vowels in locations affected by the "syllable strength" system of Old Shohuanese. It is for the most part 86% mutually intelligible with the standard Shohuanese dialect and as a result is commonly referred to as just an "innovative" dialect of Shohuanese. Other features include the reduction of the vowel based verbal conjugation system in favor of a non-vowel based verbal system formed from the back vowel verbal conjugation which for the most part consumed the pronunciations.
The Ohanian dialect is extremely divergent, having picked up the consonant importance of the Ohanian language which is itself not related to Shohuanese directly. Notable features include loss of necessity of the vowels in conjugation and more emphasis on the consonants. The dialect is highly discriminated against with it becoming very uncommon for speakers to speak in the dialect outside of local events. A semi-official standard of writing exists but it's contested as to whether it's for the Ohanian language or the Ohanian dialect specifically with some officials using it for one or both purposes. Usage of this writing system is usually associated with southern separatist movements and as a result has become highly marginalized in public usage.