Tamir Khanate

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Tamir Khanate
Khaz Tameran (Koman)

Tribal Banner

The Tamir Khanate c.1050
Capital Sherwan
Government Hereditary monarchy
 •  700s-724 Qazşam Qashir (first)
 •  1202-1220 Tamaghli Qamaşan (last)
Legislature Qazsara
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Established 700
 •  Disestablished 1220
Today part of
Warning: Value not specified for "continent"

The Tamir Khanate was a medieval Vaniuan state formed by a collection of aligned tribes and ruled under several dynasties by the Kalkali people in the area between the Miralayas and west Vaniua over the Golden Steppes. From the beginning of the 8th century to the 13th century, it existed as a tribal confederation and later as a Khanate until its fall around 1220.


The name "Tamir" is an exonym, originally utilized by the early medieval Ohanian Yemura city-states to describe the khanate, the word itself is believed to be a corruption of the Kalkali word *dɒmæɣ. This appellation was traditionally linked to the primary tribes within the Qom Confederation before the khanate's inception. Over time, as the reach of the Tamirs expanded, Tamir progressively became synonymous with the sovereign dynasty and the various tribes under the khanate's dominion. This term did not denote a specific ethnicity and was collectively used among the Qom tribes, northern Vaniuan tribes, and other minority groups affiliated with the Tamir.

With the expansion of the Sunrise Horde and the subsequent decline of the Tamir Khanate, the surviving tribes migrating to the Tarkhan Mountains were termed 'Kalkali,' a derivative from the Galkhai dynasty. This newly coined term was used to distinguish these later settlers from the earlier Tamir inhabitants of the area, which at the time had come to establish the Qomandi Khanate.

In contemporary discourse, scholars and archaeologists often use 'Kalkali' as an umbrella term to describe the Tamir Khanate, its people, and their languages. However, this is somewhat anachronistic, as the Tamirs never used a single, unifying self-designation. Their identity was primarily based on tribal affiliation, suggesting a more intricate societal framework than the broad 'Kalkali' categorization implies.

The later Asharids adopted 'Kalkali' for their self-identification, reinforcing their claimed descent from the illustrious Sunrise Horde. By aligning themselves with this name, the Asharids sought not only to affirm their rightful succession but also to maintain any territorial or political claims from the era of the Tamir Khanate. Descendants of the Tamir, including the Koman peoples, commonly use the name Khaz Tamekan meaning "Great Tamekan" to refer to the khanate and its dynasties.


The Kalkali Khanate originated as a tribal union of 6 tribes. These originated from the eastern steppes of northern Vaniua, which according to the book of "Ēmēşh-e Bēşom" Winds of the North (c.1344) migrated westwards after the fragmentation of the Qom confederation. Driven by the Golden Steppes these tribes came to establish the city of Sherwan which at the time served as a trade outpost. Under the rule of the warlord Qashir the khanate came to conquer three-thirds of northern Vaniua, a task that remained a priority by its following rulers.










Kalkali architecture




See also