Tsaban

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Tsaban
Cabar Šägir
Tsaba Flag.PNG
Pronunciation[t͡sɑ.ˈbɑr ʃə.ˈgir]
EthnicityTsaban
Language family
Proto-West-Alpic
  • Proto-Tsaban
    • Tsaban
Writing systemSanapata, Legim scripts
Official status
Official language inTsaba
CWS codeapc

Tsaban (Tsaban: Cabar Šägir [t͡sɑ.ˈbɑr ʃə.ˈgir])is the official language of Tsaba.

Classification

Tsaban is a member of the West Alpic language family. Its closest living relatives are Legim and Shalorjan.

History

Tsaban was first spoken by ethnic Tsabans living on the southwestern coast of Alpa. It shares features with Osveraali languages as a result of occupation by the Osveraali Empire in the late 1500s.

Phonology

Phonemes

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Alveo-palatal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m 

m: <mm>

n̪ <n>

n̪: <nn>

ɲ <ň>

ɲ: <ňň>

ŋ <ng>

ŋ: <nng>

Voiced Plosive b d̪ <d> ɟ <dj> g 

gʷ <gw>

Voiceless Plosive t̪ <t> c k 

kʷ <kw>

Ejective t' < tt>  k' <kk> 

k'ʷ <kkw>

Voiced Fricative z ɣ <gh> 

ɣʷ <ghw>

Voiceless Fricative s ɕ <š> x <kh> 

xʷ <khw>

h
Affricate t͡s <č>

d͡z <ž>

Approximants l̪ 

l̪: <ll>

j w
Trill r

r: <rr>

Front Central Back
Close i <í> ɪ < i> u <ú> ʊ < u>
Mid ɛ <e> ɛ: <é> œ <ö> o: <ó> ɔ <o>
Open ɑ <a> ɑ: <á>

Phonotactics

Morphology and syntax

Tsaban has SOV word order. It is strongly head-final. It has ten pronominal cases and eight nominal ones. It is a zero-copula language.

Vocabulary

Writing and literature

Tsaban primarily uses the Osveraali writing system, sanapata. It can also be written in the Legim scripts.