User:Dendana/Ngerupic languages

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Ngerupic
Geographic
distribution:
Akulanen and Ekuosia: Amerhan, Awarahl, Cerman, Kadya, Magali, Quaxin Xun, Shohai, Utol, Barradiwa, Yachiro, Qonklaks, Riyana, Bosato, Mänea
Linguistic classification:One of the world's primary language families
Proto-language:Wa Ñi
CWS codewan

The Ngerupic languages are a language family comprising about 100 languages of southwestern Miraria, primarily the Akulanen region, which are all descended from Wa Ñi. They are spoken by about 300 million people in total. The official languages of Amerhan, Awarahl, Cerman, Kadya, Magali, Shohai, Quaxin Xun, Qonklaks, Yachiro, and Utol are Ngerupic, while Ngerupic languages are spoken by substantial populations in Barradiwa, Riyana, and Bosato.

Since Wa Ñi was spoken around 5000 years ago, the present-day languages have diverged substantially. Magali is the area of greatest diversity, with more than half the Ngerupic languages spoken there. Due to the expansion of Teixo and Yavodna within Magali, the regions of greatest diversity are the relatively inaccessible mountainous central and northwest regions of Magali. Other regions with many smaller Ngerupic languages include Shohai and Awarahl.

The most-spoken Ngerupic languages on Sahar are Terminian, Teixo, Yavodna, Sąñàwa and Qonklese, each with more than 10 million speakers. In contrast, many Ngerupic languages of Awarahl, northwestern Amerhan and rural Magali are highly endangered, with less than a hundred thousand speakers each.

Languages

Language Classification Number of native speakers Location
Terminian language Termic 115,000,000 Cerman, Amerhan, amongst others
Sąñàwa language Mañi 30,000,000 (possibly more or less idk -den) Kadya (South)
Teixo Southern: Chixok 20,000,000 Magali (Southwest)
Yavodna language Kumadnyu 15,000,000 Magali (Northeast)
Hlung language Mañi 8,000,000 (idk -den) Quaxin Xun (Southeast)
Ndxiixun language Mañi: Tuŋñi 8,000,000 (idk -den) Quaxin Xun (Central)
Xukaku language Dapen 8,000,000 Magali (Northwest)
Baridus language Termic 4,500,000 Barradiwa (Baridia)
Xingap language Dapen 1,500,000 Magali (Northwest)
Red Ñiy language Mañi: Ñiy 800,000 Awarahl, Yaahaa Island (North)
Jadama language Hanangerupic: Northern Mountain 35,000 Magali (Central)
Uutama language Hanangerupic: Northern Mountain 2,500 Magali (Central)

Taxonomy

The first-order daughters of Wa Ñi seem to have formed a dialect continuum, with subsequent diversification especially in northwest and central Magali. The most commonly agreed-upon taxonomy of Ngerupic languages runs as follows, with primary branches from north to south:

Wa Ñi

Typology

Ngerupic languages are extremely diverse in typology, but some common characteristics are:

  • small phonemic inventories, with little phonation contrast
  • many sonorants, especially laterals and rhotics
  • tone
  • nasalized vowels
  • simple syllable structure
  • noun classes with distinct singular and plural classes
  • subject and possibly object prefixes on verbs
  • compounding as main form of derivation
  • head-initial
  • marked mood on verb